University of Toronto Mississauga
Department of Geography SPRING 2009
JGE 1609H5S: Cities, Industry and the
Instructor: Pierre Desrochers
Lectures: Mon 3-5PM
Phone: (905) 828-5206
Office: Davis Building, room 3273
Lecture room: SE 2068 UTM
GGR 1609H5S - Primary Syllabus and Mandatory
Week 1 (January 5): Introduction
Week 2 (January 12): Environmentalism in Historical Perspective
Week 3 (January 19): Economic Growth and the Environment
Week 4 (January 26): Industrialization and the Environment
Week 5 (February 2): Forests through Time (Proposal due)
Week 6 (February 9): Urban Pollution Through Time
Week 7 (February
16): Reading Week
Week 8 (February 23): Industrial Ecology and Eco-Industrial Development
Week 9 (March 2): Institutions and Economic Behaviour
Week 10 (March 9): Guest Lecture: Private Property Rights and
Week 11(March 16): Geography and Production Activities I
Week 12: (March 23): Geography and Production Activities II
Week 13 (March 30): Population / Consumption Growth and the Environment
Week 14 (April
6): Population / Consumption Growth and the Environment
Bugliarello, George. 2005. "Urban
Sustainability: Dilemmas, Challenges and Paradigms." Technology
in Society 28 (1-2): 19-26.
Bai, Xuemei. 2003. "Cities
and Sustainability." Journal
of Industrial Ecology 7 (1): 143-144.
Capello, R. and P. Nijkamp.
2002. "In Search of Sustainable Human Settlements. Prefatory Remarks." Ecological
Economics 40 (2): 151-155.
Camagni, Roberto, Roberta
Capello and Peter Nijkamp. 1998. "Towards Sustainable City Policy: An Economy-Environment
Technology Nexus." Ecological
Economics 24 (1): 103-118.
Clougherty, Tom (ed.).
Environmentalism: A Convenient Truth." Globalisation Institute.
Grunkemeyer, William, & Myra Moss. 1999.
Key Concepts in Sustainable Development. Regional Research
Hanson, Susan and Robert
W. Lake. 2000. "Needed:
Geographic Research on Urban Sustainability." Economic Geography
Week 2 : Environmentalism in Historical Perspective
-On the History of Environmental Thought and Sustainable Development
Caldwell, Lynton Keith. "Is
Humanity Destined to Self-Destruct?"
Tainter, Joseph A. 2006. "Archaeology
of Overshoot and Collapse." Annual Review of Anthropology
Von Storch, Hans; Stehr, Nico. 2006. "Anthropogenic
Climate Change: A Reason for Concern Since the 18th Century and Earlier."
Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography 88 (2):
A Brief History of Sustainable Development." Human Resources and
Social Development Canada.
of Dialogue Related to U.S. Government Commitment to Sustainable Forest
/ Resource Management." (Word document - Updated October 2002 by
Ruth McWilliams of the USDA-Forest Service).
History of Sustainable Development." Sustainable Development
-1948 and Environmental Thought
Fairfield Osborn, Jr."
McCormick, Maureen A. 2005. "Of
Birds, Guano, and Man: William Vogt's 'Road to Survival.'" PhD
Dissertation, University of Oklahoma.
O'Neill, Brendan. 2007. "Help!
I'm a Marxist Who Defends Capitalism." The Spectator,
Tierney, John. 1990. "Betting
on the Planet." New York Times.
Hayward, Steven F. 2006. "Fate
of the World Redux. Assessing the Millenium Ecosystem Assessment."
Environmental Policy Outlook. American Enterprise Institute,
Week 3 : Economic Growth and the Environment
Organization of Economic Co-Operation and Development on Sustainable
Goklany, I. M. 2004. "Economic
Growth, Technological Change, and Human Well-Being." In Anderson, T.
Have to Admit It's Getting Better. Hoover Institution Press, p. 53-81.
Levinson, Arik. Forthcoming. "Environmental
Kuznets Curve." New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd
Levinson, Arik. 2002. "The
Ups and Downs of the Environmental Kuznets Curve," in John List and
Aart de Zeeuw, eds., Recent Advances in Environmental Economics.
Edward Elgar Publishing.
Kolata, Gina. 2006. "The
New Age: So Big and Healthy Grandpa Wouldnt Even Know You." New
York Times, July 30.
Scorse, Jason (2008)."
Environmentalists need to Know about Economics." Monterey Institute
of International Studies.
Stern, D. I. 2004 "The
Rise and Fall of the Environmental Kuznets Curve," World
Development 32 (8): 1419-1439.
Week 4 : Industrialization and the Environment
Canadian Governmental Policy
> Industry Canada.
Building a 21st Century Economy: Sustainable Development in Canadian
Corporate Social Responsibility
> Natural Resources Canada
Corporate Social Responsibility
> Corporate Social Responsibility: Lessons
Corporate Social Responsibility: An Implementation Guide for Canadian
Business. Cat. No. Iu23-12/2006E 0-662-42873-0 54416E
Sustainable Development Strategy 2006-2009: Selling the Sustainability
Jevons Paradox, a.k.a., Rebound Effect
Stott, Philip. 2008. "The
Jevons Paradox." Global Warming Politics, February 12.
Hertwich, Edgar G. 2005. "Consumption
and the Rebound Effect: An Industrial Ecology Perspective."
Journal of Industrial Ecology, Vol. 9, 1-2 (Special Issue on
Consumption and Industrial Ecology - Winter-Spring) pp. 85-98.
A special issue of the journal Energy Policy, Volume 28, Numbers
6-7, 2000: "On
the Rebound: The Interaction of Energy Efficiency, Energy Use and
Week 5 :
Forests through Time
MacCleery, Douglas W. 1992. "American
Forests - A History of Resilience and Recovery." United States
Department of Agriculture, Forest Service.
Chamberlin, Joseph Edgar. "Will
the Land become a Desert?" The Century (November 1885 - April
1886) 31 (NS 9): 532-536.
Goldammer, Johann G. 1998.
History of Fire in Land-Use Systems of the Baltic Region: Implications
on the Use of Prescribed Fire in Forestry, Nature Conservation and
Landscape Management. (Paper presented at the First Baltic
Conference on Forest Fires, Radom-Katowice, Poland, 5-9 May 1998).
Greeley, W. B. 1925. "The
Relation of Geography to Timber Supply." Economic Geography 1
Kirch, Patrick V. 2005. "Archeology
and Global Change: The Holocene Record." Annual Review of
Environment and Resources 30: 409-440.
Oswald, Felix Leopold. 1879. "The
Preservation of Forests." North American Review 128: 35-46.
Perz, Stephen G. (2007) "Grand
Theory and Context-Specificity in the Study of Forest Dynamics: Forest
Transition Theory and Other Directions." The Professional
Geographer 59 (1), p. 105-114.
> Walker, Robert. (2008) "Forest
Transition: Without Complexity, Without Scale." The Professional
Geographer 60 (1), p. 136-140.
> Perz, Stephen G. (2008) "Forest
Transitions, Environmental Social Theory, and Land Science Research:
Reply to Walker." The Professional Geographer 60 (1), p.
Saito, Osamu. 2009. "Forest
history and the Great Divergence: China, Japan, and the West compared."
Journal of Global History 4 (3): 379-404.
Williams, Michael. 2003. Deforesting the Earth. From Prehistory to
Global Crisis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Williams, Michael. (2000). "'Dark
Ages and Dark Areas': Global Deforestation in the Deep Past."
Journal of Historical Geography 26 (1): 28-46.
, 2007. "Are
Forests Making a Comeback? New Findings Suggest Optimism on Global
Outlook." Resources (Winter): 8-10.
Wernick, Iddo K., Paul E. Waggoner, and Jesse H. Ausubel. 1997. "Searching
for Leverage to Conserve Forests: The Industrial Ecology of Wood
Products in the U.S." Journal of Industrial Ecology
Ausubel, Jesse H., Iddo K. Wernick2, Paul E. Waggoner. 2013. "Peak
Farmland and the Prospect for Land Sparing." Population and
Development Review 38 (s1): 221-242.
Ausubel, Jesse H. 2000. "The
Great Reversal: Nature's Chance to Restore Land and Sea."
Technology in Society 22 (3): 289-301.
Blamford, Andrew, Rhys Green and J๖rn Scharlemann. 2005. "Sparing Land
for Nature: Exploring the Potential Impact of Changes in Agricultural
Yield on the Area Needed for Crop Production." Global Change Biology
11 (10): 1594 - 1605.
Franklin, Jerry and K. Norman Johnson. 2004. "Forests
Face New Threat: Global Market Changes." Issues in Science and
Grainger, Alan. 2008. "Difficulties
in tracking the long-term global trend in tropical forest area."
PNAS Online, January 9.
Larson, Anna M and Fernanda Soto. 2008. "Decentralization
of Natural Resource Governance Regimes." Annual Review of
Environment and Resources 33: 213-239.
Mather, A. S., and C. L. Needle. "The
Relationships of Population and Forest Trends." The Geographical
Journal, Vol. 166, No. 1, March 2000, pp. 2-1 3.
Minnemeyer, Susan, Matthew Hansen, Peter Potapov, & Kyle Pittman. 2007.
the Global Picture of Tree Cover Change: Tree Cover Loss in the Humid
Tropics." World Resources Institute, May.
Murray, Iain. 2008. "Treehuggers
Against Trees." Townhall.com, May 1.
Phillips, Tom. 2009. "Poor
Brazilians rejoice as loggers return to pillage the rainforest."
The Observer, February 15.
Rudel, Thomas K., Oliver T. Coomes, Emilio Moran, Frederic Achard, Arild
Angelsen, Jianchu Xu and Eric Lambin. 2005. "Forest
Transitions: Towards a Global Understanding of Land Use Change."
Global Environmental Change 15 (1): 23-31.
Stolle, Fred. 2008. "Groundbreaking
Study Finds the "Hotspots" Most Responsible For Deforestation."
World Resources Institute, July 16.
Sedjo, Roger A. "Changing
Demands on the World's Forests: Meeting Environmental and Institutional
Challenges." S. J. Hall Lectureship In Industrial Forestry,
University of California, Berkeley Center for Forestry College of
Natural Resources, September 28, 2001.
Transition." Wikipedia, June 4, 2007.
convincing evidence for decline in tropical forests." Eureka
Alert!, January 7, 2008.
Idso, Craig. 2012.
The State of Earth's Terrestrial Biosphere: How is it Responding to
Rising Atmospheric CO2 and Warmer Temperatures? Center for the
Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change (December 5).
Week 6 :
Urban Pollution through Time
Douglas, I., R. Hodgson
and N. Lawson. 2002. "Industry, Environment and Health Through 200 Years
in Manchester," Ecological
Economics 41 (2): 235-255.
Horse and the Urban Environment" on the Environmental Literacy Council's
Tarr, J. 2002. "Industrial
Waste Disposal in the United States as a Historical Problem," Ambix 49(1): 4-20.
Tarr, Joel. A. "The
City and the Natural Environment." Global Development Research Center
Urbinato, D. 1994. "London's
Historic 'Pea-Soupers'," EPA Journal.
Button, K. 2002. "City Management
and Urban Environmental Indicators." Ecological
Economics 40 (2): 217-233.
Fredericksen, L., L. Jones
and T. Wates. 2002. Environmental Indicators, 5th edition. Fraser
on Air quality / Index
of Environmental Indicators
Schwartz, J. and S.F. Hayward. 2004. "Emissions
Down, Smog Up. Say What?" Environmental Policy Outlook.
American Enterprise Institute for Policy Research. January-February.
Bruce, Nigel, Rogelio Perez-Padilla & Rachel Albalak. 2000. "Indoor
Air Pollution in Developing Countries: A Major Environmental and Public
Health Challenge." Bulletin of the World Health Organization,
World Health Organization, 78 (9): 1078-1092.
Goklany, Indur. 1998. "The
Environmental Transition to Air Quality." Regulation 21:4 (Fall):
Green, Kenneth and Joel Schwartz. 2004. "Do
1,700 Torontonians Really Die each Year from Air Pollution?"
Fraser Forum, August, pp. 26-28.
E. Duflo, M. Greenstone, and R. Hanna. "Indoor
Air Pollution, Health and Economic Well-Being." Surv. Perspect.
Integr. Environ. Soc., 1, 19, 2008.
Week 8 : Industrial Ecology
and Eco-Industrial Development
Freely available sub-section on "industrial
symbiosis" in the Journal of Industrial Ecology 11 (1),
Week 9 : Institutions and
Week 10 : Guest Lecture:
Private Property Rights and Environmental Protection
Week 11 : Geography and Production Activities
Detailed studies and longer pieces
Phillips, Lynne. "Food
and Globalization." Annual Review of Anthropology 35: 37-57.
Saunders, Caroline, & Peter Hayes. 2007. "Air
Freight Transport of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables." Research Report
No. 299, Lincoln University.
Saunders, Caroline, Andrew Barber and Greg Taylor. 2006.
Food Miles - Comparative Energy/Emissions Performance of New Zealand's
Agriculture Industry, Lincoln University, Agribusiness and
Economics Research Unit (AERU), Research Report 285. Chapters 1-6, 8.
Validity of Food Miles as an Indicator of Sustainable Development."
Study by AEA Technology Environment commissioned by Defra.
Specter, Michael. 2008. "Big
Foot - In Measuring Carbon Emissions, its Easy to Confuse Morality and
Science." New Yorker, February 25.
Ronald. 2008 "The
Food Miles Mistake - Saving the Planet by Eating New Zealand Apples,"
Reason, November 4.
Desrochers, P., & Hiroko Shimizu. 2008. "Buy
Global - The 'Food Mile' Perspective Severely Distorts the Environmental
Impacts of Agricultural Production." National Post, November
Peter. 2008. "Just
Plain Bananas." National Post, November 7.
"Food Movement 'Harms
Environment'." BBC News, July 15, 2005.
with your Trolley." The Economist, December 7, 2006.
Averill, Victoria. 2007. "African
Trade Fears Carbon Footprint Backlash." BBC News, February 21.
Engelhaupt, Erika. 2008. "Do
Food Miles Matter?" ES&T Online News, April 16.
Gray, Richard. 2007. "Greener
by Miles." Telegraph, June 3.
Sanderson, Allen R. 2007. "De
Minimis." The Library of Economics and Liberty, September 3.
Hellmann's Eat Real Eat Local
Week 12 : Geography and Production Activities
Week 13 :
Population / Consumption Growth and the Environment I
Emmett, Ross B. 2006.
Population, Natural Resources and Markets. PERC Policy Series
Gordon, Peter, and Harry W. Richardson. 1998. "Farmland
Preservation and Ecological Footprints: A Critique." Planning &
Markets, Volume 1, Number 1.
Hails, Chris (Editor in chief), "Living
Planet Report 2006." World Wildlife Fund.
Lenzen, Manfred, and Shauna A Murray. "The
Ecological Footprint Issues and Trends." ISA Research Paper
Norton, Seth. W. 2004 "Population
and Consumption Growth and Environmental Quality" in Anderson, Terry
to Admit It's Getting Better. Hoover Institution Press, pp.
York, Richard, Eugene A. Rosa & Thomas Dietz. "The
Ecological Footprint Intensity of National Economies." Journal of
Industrial Ecology, Fall 2004, Vol. 8, No. 4, Pages 139-154.
Week 14 :
Population / Consumption Growth and the Environment II