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 • GIRD SPEAKER SERIES

CRSA/ACSR

 

University of Toronto Mississauga • Department of Geography • FALL 2015

GGR 365H5S Trade and Globalization

 

 Instructor: Pierre Desrochers

 

 Lectures: Monday 3-5PM

 

 Phone: (905) 828-5206

 Office: Davis Building, room 3273

 

 Lecture room: CC 2130

 

 E-mail: pierre.desrochers@utoronto.ca

 

DIRECT LINKS


>
Course Description
>
Course Objectives
>
Texts
> Contacting the Instructor
>
Assignments
>
Tests
> Term Paper
> Department of Geography Late Assignment/Missed Test Policy
> Equity Statement and Academic Rights
>
Expectations/Classroom Behaviour/Behaviour in the Academic Setting
> Academic Integrity/Honesty or Academic Offenses
> Accessibility
> Accommodations for Religious Observances
> Recommandations & Suggestions
> Lecture Schedule


> Lecture 1 (September 14): Introduction and Concepts
> Lecture 2 (September 21): Transportation 1
> Lecture 3 (September 28): Transportation 2
> Lecture 4 (October 5): The Battle of Ideas 1
> October 12: Thanksgiving - University Closed
> Lecture 5 (October 19): The Battle of Ideas 2
> Lecture 6 (October 26): Term Test
> Lecture 7 (November 2): Market Liberalization, Sweatshops, Child Labor and Fair Trade
> Lecture 8 (November 9): Globalization and Culture
> Lecture 9 (November 16): Global Institutions and Foreign Aid
> Lecture 10 (November 23): Globalization and the Environment
> Lecture 11 (November 30): Finance and Concluding Thoughts
> Suggested Readings

 

Course Description

This course uses economic and geographical principles to help students understand the advent of the current period of globalization. In this context, globalization refers to international trade liberalization which results in increased contacts across borders, migration, trade, and investment. Topics covered will include the history of globalization, the environment, sweatshops, development and inequalities. By the end of the course, students should have gained a deeper understanding of current controversies surrounding international trade and globalization.
 

Course Objectives

The course has five main objectives:

1) To provide some historical perspective and to cover the basic factors which led to the advent of what we now term globalization;
2) To introduce the students to some of the most important players and institutions shaping international trade;
3) To cover some of the most important controversies surrounding international trade;
4) To memorize and use, without aids, the basic terminology with which professionals in relevant disciplines communicate their work and their research findings;
5) To apply a wide range of academic skills in active listening, note-taking, studying, reading, and test-taking to upper-level university courses.
 

Texts

There is no textbook or reading package for this class. Most of the readings are freely available on the Web and links are provided on the course’s Webpage. Suggested readings are not mandatory, but students who will write term papers on topics covered in these texts are expected to be familiar with them.

Most of the suggested readings are freely accessible from anywhere. Some of them, however, may require you to use a UofT terminal or user code.

Contacting the instructor

Office hours are Tuesday, 1-3 PM, Davis 3273. You can contact me at pierre.desrochers@utoronto.ca.

Please read the course syllabus before e-mailing a question or expect a one line answer telling you to look it up if the answer is already there.

Always use your University of Toronto e-mail address (@utoronto.ca) for all course-related communications. E-mails from other domains (e.g., hotmail, Rogers, gmail, yahoo, etc.) may be filtered as spam and will at any rate be ignored. Always include the course code (e.g., GGR365) as part of your subject line, along with your full name and student number in the body of the e-mail. E-mails will be answered during office hours as promptly as possible. Please note that I do not open attachments and will not answer during week-ends.

The first person that you should e-mail concerning department- or program-related queries or to submit documentation regarding a missed assignment, quiz, or test is the Academic Counsellor for Geography/Environment, Sabrina Ferrari (sabrina.ferrari@utoronto.ca).

E-mail should NOT be viewed as an alternative to meeting with the TA or professor during office hours. Nor should e-mail be used as a mechanism to receive private tutorials (especially prior to tests) or to explain material that was covered in missed lectures. Not receiving replies to e-mails from the TA or professor, or not receiving them in time, will not be an acceptable excuse for pleas for extensions to assignment or exam deadlines.

Students are advised to consult www.enough.utoronto.ca for information on university policy concerning the appropriate use of information and communication technology.

© PhD Comics

ASSIGNMENTS

% OF GRADE

DATE DUE

1) Proposal for Term Paper
2) Term Test
3) Term Paper
4) Final Exam

5%
20%
40%
35%

October 5
October 26
November 30, 5PM
TBA

As per the University Grading Practices Policy, please note that "after the methods of evaluation have been made known, the instructor may not change them or their relative weight without the consent of at least a simple majority of the students enrolled in the course. Any changes shall be reported to the division or the department."

How to Query or Challenge a Mark

Please note that you have two weeks from the date an item is returned in class to ask for the item to be remarked. Contact the Course Instructor for all queries about course marks, or if you wish to challenge a mark. Absolutely no item will be remarked after the two-week period has passed. Material submitted for remarking must be accompanied by a brief written explanation detailing your reasons for dissatisfaction with the original mark (such as an addition error or something you think the marker may have missed). A request for a remark without a written explanation will not be acted upon.

Please note that you are allowed two questions where you and the instructor can agree to disagree (meaning you believe that you are entitled to a higher mark, but your instructor disagrees) without penalty. Beginning with the third question where you and your instructor disagree, one point will be taken off your final mark by question for which a revised mark was requested by you and denied by the instructor.
 

Tests

A set of questions will be given in advance. Students will be asked to answer a number of these during the test. Note that Power Point slides presented during the lectures WILL NOT be posted online. No documentation is allowed during the tests. UTM Exam Schedule

Students CANNOT petition to re-write a quiz/test once the test has begun. If you are feeling ill, please do not start the online or in-class test and seek medical attention immediately. You must have a physician fill out a U of T Student Medical Certificate and submit a request via the online Special Consideration Request form @ utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest within 24 hours.

QUESTIONS

Term Paper

Students will be asked to write a 15 page essay on a topic of their choice or a review essay on a book approved by the instructor. Team work is allowed for the essays, but not for the book reviews. These assignments will be discussed in class. Papers should follow one of the Standard Documentation Formats. Assignments handed in AFTER the work has been returned to the class cannot be marked for credit.

The papers are due by November 30, 5 PM, UTM-Geography drop box (near room Davis 3284).

Here are the detailed instructions to write your proposal and essay. Some suggestions for topics and books

On the Art of Writing a Term Paper
Writing www.writing.utoronto.ca and Advice on Academic Writing www.writing.utoronto.ca/advice at the University of Toronto.

Some additional advice from Professor Daniel Drezner (On writing a paper / On researching a paper) and Professor Steven Horwitz (Guide to Writing Formal Academic Papers).

Other useful links: UTM Library / Robert Gillespie Academic Skills Centre.

Your choice of topic or book must be approved by the instructor before turning in your proposal. Those of you who would like to submit a book suggestion are asked to provide a link to the publisher's webpage devoted to the book or, if no such thing exists, to the Amazon or another large bookseller webpage devoted to the book.

Please note that you do not need to submit your proposal or the appendixes of your term paper through turnitin.com.


Note Concerning Turnitin

Normally, students will be required to submit written assignments to Turnitin.com for a review of textual similarity and detection of possible plagiarism. In doing so, students will allow their assignments to be included as source documents in the Turnitin.com reference database, where they will be used solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. The terms that apply to the University's use of the Turnitin.com service are described on the Turnitin.com web site (www.Turnitin.com). If you have an objection to the use of Turnitin for the submission of your work, please make an appointment to speak personally with the Course Instructor to discuss alternative arrangements. A guide for students is available from the University of Toronto's Office of Teaching Advancement, at: www.utoronto.ca/ota/turnitin/TurnitinGuideForStudents.pdf. This information will also be made available on the course Blackboard site.

Please note that submitting your paper through Turnitin.com or making alternative arrangements before the deadline with your professor is not optional. Failure to do so will result in a grade of 0 for your term paper. Failure to submit your paper on turnitin.com before the deadline will result in the same late penalty as if you had not submitted your hard copy.

You are required to submit a hard copy of the assignment as instructed in the syllabus for the TAs to grade and annotate Electronic copies will be submitted by students through Turnitin.

> Basic steps for setting up your Turnitin account and submitting papers

Turnitin.com course ID. 10444707 (The password will be given in class and via e-mail.)
 

Department of Geography Late assignment/Missed Test Policy

This is the departmental policy for late assignments and missed tests. Please note that the penalty related to your proposal is different. In this particular case, I apply my own policy as specified on the syllabus.

I
n-class or Online QUIZ/TESTS: Students CANNOT petition to re-write a quiz/test once the test has begun. If you are feeling ill, please do not start the online or in-class test and seek medical attention immediately. You must have a physician fill out a U of T Student Medical Certificate and submit a request via the online Special Consideration Request form @ https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest within 24 hours.

Online Submissions for Term Work: It is every student’s responsibility to ensure that their online submission is submitted successfully by the due date. Accommodations will not be made for unsuccessful submissions due to, but not limited to, i) the system timing out ii) submitting the incorrect document(s) iii) poor internet connection / no internet connection etc.

Missed Term Work (Assignment/Lab - as per Department of Geography policy):
Late assignments will be subject to a late penalty of 10% per day (including weekends) of the total marks for the assignment. Assignments submitted five calendar days beyond the due date will be assigned a grade of zero.

Academic accommodation can be made when an assignment is late. For accommodations on late/missed assignments please see section on "Extension of Time".

Missed Term Work (Quiz/Test - as per Department of Geography policy):
In courses with final exams, there will be no re-writes or make-ups for term tests/quizzes missed for University-accepted, verifiable reasons. Instead, the final exam will be re-weighted by the value of the term test/quiz.

Requesting Academic Accommodation using the Online Special Consideration Request Application: In Geography and Environment courses, professors cannot grant extensions on term work or allow makeups for missed items. If you ask for and receive an extension or a makeup date directly from a professor, without following the appropriate steps as outlined in this document, it will be invalid and may be revoked at any time by the departmental petitions committee.

Informing Your Professor and Submitting Appropriate Documentation:
The following steps must be completed in order to be considered for academic accommodation for any course work such as missed tests or late assignments:

1. Students must inform their professor in writing (e-mail is acceptable) within 24 hours of a test date/assignment due date of any circumstances that prevent them from writing a test or submitting an assignment on time.
2. Students must complete an online Special Consideration Request @ https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest. Students who miss a test due to circumstances beyond their control (e.g. illness or an accident) can request that the Department grant them special consideration. You must inform your instructor within 24 hours and you have up to one (1) week from the date of the missed test to submit your online request (late requests will NOT be considered without a "letter of explanation" as to why the request is late). You must present your case to the Department (not the Instructor). Note: The system only supports Microsoft Internet Explorer and Firefox for the time being.
3. Original supporting documentation (e.g. Verification of Student Illness or Injury form, accident report, etc) MUST BE SUBMITTED to the DROP BOX (labeled "Environment and Geography Petition Documentation") located outside Room 3282, Davis Building. Supporting documentation is required within 48 hours of submitting your online request.
Please Note: If you missed your test for a reason connected to your registered disability, please be advised that the department will accept documentation supplied by the UTM AccessAbility Resource Centre.
Note: (i) ROSI declarations are not accepted as supporting documentation.
(ii) If your reason for absence is due to a last minute flight due to a family emergency (illness/death etc.) you must provide your flight itinerary INCLUDING the date the flight was purchased as well as boarding passes in addition to proof of death/illness/accident.
4. Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms MUST include the statement "This Student was unable to write the test on date(s) for medical reasons". Documentation MUST show that the physician was consulted within ONE day of the test date. A statement merely confirming a report of illness made by the student is NOT acceptable (such as, "This patient tells me that he was feeling ill on that day."). Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms can be found on the Office of the Registrar's webpage (http://www.illnessverification.utoronto.ca/getattachment/index/Verification-of-Illness-or-Injury-form-Jan-22-2013.pdf.aspx).

Please complete the following:
- Special request link: https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest
- Verification of Illness form: http://www.illnessverification.utoronto.ca/

Please note that the written explanation and documentation that you submit represents an appeal from you, requesting the opportunity to account for that portion of your grade in some other manner. If an appeal is not received, or if the appeal is deemed unacceptable, you will receive a grade of zero for the item you missed. If the appeal is granted - that is, your reason for missing the item is considered acceptable by the committee - then a mechanism for accounting for the grade value of the missed item will be discussed.

A Departmental committee evaluates each request. Decisions will be communicated by email within two weeks of receipt of all completed documents. Note: It is your responsibility to ensure your email account is working and able to receive emails. Claims that a Departmental decision was not received will NOT be considered as a reason for further consideration. Contact Sabrina Ferrari (sabrina.ferrari@utoronto.ca) Academic Counselor, should you NOT receive notification of your decision within 2 weeks of submission.

Note that holidays and pre-purchased plane tickets, family plans, your friend's wedding, lack of preparation, or too many other tests are not acceptable excuses for missing a quiz, a test, or an item of term work.

Extension of Time
Students are expected to back up their work at all times. As such, extension requests due to computer issues (stolen, crashed, damaged etc.) will not be considered. The following steps must be completed in order to be considered for academic accommodation for any assignment extensions. Assignments handed in AFTER the work has been returned to the class cannot be marked for credit.

1. Students must inform their professor in writing (e-mail is acceptable) IN ADVANCE of an assignment due date of any circumstances that prevent them from submitting their assignment on time.
2. Students must complete an online Special Consideration Request @ https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest IN ADVANCE of the assignment due date. Note: The system only supports Microsoft Internet Explorer and Firefox for the time being.
3. Original supporting documentation (e.g. Verification of Student Illness or Injury form, accident report, etc) MUST BE SUBMITTED to the DROP BOX (labeled "Environment and Geography Petition Documentation") located outside Room 3282, Davis Building. Supporting documentation is required within one (1) week of submitting your online request.
4. Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms: Documentation MUST show that the physician was consulted within ONE day of the assignment due date. A statement merely confirming a report of illness made by the student is NOT acceptable (such as, "This patient tells me that he was feeling ill on that day."). Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms can be found on the Office of the Registrar's webpage (http://www.illnessverification.utoronto.ca/getattachment/index/Verification-of-Illness-or-Injury-form-Jan-22-2013.pdf.aspx).

Original supporting documentation (e.g. Verification of Student Illness or Injury form, accident report, etc) MUST BE SUBMITTED to the DROP BOX (labeled "Environment and Geography Petition Documentation") located outside Room 3282, Davis Building. Note: ROSI declarations are not accepted as supporting documentation. You are expected to submit your request to the Department before the due date of the assignment, unless demonstrably serious reasons prevent you from doing so. In the event of an illness, if you are seeking a one-day extension, Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms must confirm that you were ill on the due date of the assignment; if you are requesting a longer extension, your documentation must specify exactly the length of the period during which you were unable to carry out your academic work. For extensions of time beyond the examination period you must submit a petition through the Office of the Registrar. http://www.erin.utoronto.ca/index.php?id=6988

A Departmental committee evaluates each request for an extension of time. Decisions will be communicated by email within two weeks of receipt of all completed documents. Please note that students are required to submit their assignment/lab as soon as they are able and they should NOT wait for the decision of the committee. Note: It is your responsibility to ensure your email account is working and able to receive emails. Claims that a Departmental decision was not received will NOT be considered as a reason for further consideration. Contact Sabrina Ferrari (sabrina.ferrari@utoronto.ca) Academic Counsellor, should you NOT receive notification of your decision within 2 weeks of submission.

It is your responsibility to follow the appropriate procedures and submit requests for special consideration on time. Failure to do so may result in the committee denying your request.
Should you require further information regarding Special Considerations, please contact the Academic Counselor, Sabrina Ferrari
Undergraduate Academic Counselor
Room 3282, Davis Building, Telephone: 905-828-5465
email: sabrina.ferrari@utoronto.ca

Equity Statement and Academic Rights

The University of Toronto is committed to equity and respect for diversity. All members of the learning environment in this course should strive to create an atmosphere of mutual respect. As a course instructor, I will neither condone nor tolerate behaviour that undermines the dignity or self-esteem of any individual in this course and wish to be alerted to any attempt to create an intimidating or hostile environment. It is our collective responsibility to create a space that is inclusive and welcomes discussion. Discrimination, harassment and hate speech will not be tolerated. If you have any questions, comments, or concerns you may contact the UTM Equity and Diversity officer at edo.utm@utoronto.ca or the University of Toronto Mississauga Students' Union Vice President Equity at vpequity@utmsu.ca.

Academic Rights

You, as a student at UTM, have the right to:
- Receive a syllabus by the first day of class.
- Rely upon a syllabus once a course is started. An instructor may only change marks' assignments by following the University Assessment
  and Grading Practices Policy provision 1.3.
- Refuse to use turnitin.com (you must be offered an alternative form of submission).
- Have access to your instructor for consultation during a course or follow up with the department chair if the instructor is unavailable.
- Ask the person who marked your term work for a re-evaluation if you feel it was not fairly graded. You have up to one month from the date of
  return of the item to inquire about the mark. If you are not satisfied with a re-evaluation, you may appeal to the instructor in charge of the
  course if the instructor did not mark the work. If your work is remarked, you must accept the resulting mark. You may only appeal a mark
  beyond the instructor if the term work was worth at least 20% of the course mark.
- Receive at least one significant mark (15% for H courses, 25% for Y courses) before the last day you can drop a course for H courses, and
  the last day of classes in the first week of January for Y courses taught in the Fall/Winter terms.
- Submit handwritten essays so long as they are neatly written.
- Have no assignment worth 100% of your final grade.
- Not have a term test worth 25% or more in the last two weeks of class.
- Retain intellectual property rights to your research.
- Receive all your assignments once graded.
- View your final exams. To see a final exam, you must submit an online Exam Reproduction Request within 6 months of the exam. There is a
  small non-refundable fee.
- Privacy of your final grades.
- Arrange for representation from Downtown Legal Services (DLS), a representative from the UTM Students' Union (UTMSU), and/or other
  forms of support if you are charged with an academic offence.

Expectations/Classroom Behaviour/Behaviour in the Academic Setting

Our expectation of you is that you will show respect to the Course Instructor, TAs, other faculty, staff, and fellow students. This includes arriving on time and staying for the entire class (so you don't disturb others by your late entry or early departure); listening quietly (so you don't disturb others by your chatting or online activities); approaching your course work with an open, honest spirit and enthusiasm; and otherwise adhering to the Code.

In turn, you can expect the Course Instructor, staff, and TAs to show respect to you and your fellow students; to deliver the best course that they possibly can; to communicate their enthusiasm for the material; to maintain fairness in all aspects of course delivery and assessment; and otherwise to adhere to the University's Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters.

Academic Integrity/Honesty or Academic Offenses

It is your responsibility as a student at the University of Toronto to familiarize yourself with, and adhere to, both the Code of Student Conduct and the Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters.

This means, first and foremost, that you should read them carefully.

  • The Code of Student Conduct is available from the U of T Mississauga website (Registrar > Academic Calendar > Codes and Policies) or in your print version of the Academic Calendar.

  • The Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters is available from the U of T Mississauga website (Registrar > Academic Calendar > Codes and Policies) or in your print version of the Academic Calendar.

Another helpful document that you should read is How Not to Plagiarize, by M. Procter.

Further Thoughts on Academic Honesty:
The Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters states that:

"The University and its members have a responsibility to ensure that a climate that might encourage, or conditions that might enable, cheating, misrepresentation or unfairness not be tolerated. To this end all must acknowledge that seeking credit or other advantages by fraud or misrepresentation, or seeking to disadvantage others by disruptive behaviour is unacceptable, as is any dishonesty or unfairness in dealing with the work or record of a student." ―University of Toronto Mississauga Academic Calendar

This summarizes what we are all trying to achieve through the implementation of this Code―both students and faculty. We are trying―together―to create an atmosphere of fairness and honesty, in which people can learn and receive appropriate credit for work that they have done. Note that the Code refers specifically to expectations for faculty members, not just for students. It is my responsibility, as a member of the faculty of the University of Toronto, to be familiar with these expectations and adhere to them. There are many additional academic requirements that we are expected to meet with regard to the integrity of course materials, returning of marked work to students, maintenance of student privacy, fairness, grading practices, and others. My TAs and I will make every possible effort to meet these expectations.
 

Accessibility

U of T Mississauga and the AccessAbility Resource Centre are committed to the full participation of students with disabilities in all aspects of campus life. The AccessAbility Resource Centre provides academic accommodations and services to students who have a physical, sensory, or learning disability, mental health condition, acquired brain injury, or chronic health condition, be it visible or hidden. Students who have temporary disabilities (e.g., broken dominant arm) are also eligible to receive services. All interested students must have an intake interview with an advisor to discuss their individual needs.

Students who require accommodation are advised to visit the AccessAbility Resource Centre as early as possible to have their needs assessed, as it may take some time to process the application.

For more information please contact the centre at:
Room 2047, South Bldg.
Tel/TTY: 905-569-4699
E-mail: access.utm@utoronto.ca
Web: www.utm.utoronto.ca/accessability/

For students who would like to help

Please note that the AccessAbility Resource Centre is looking for a volunteer note-taker to take notes on behalf of students with a disability registered in this class. Volunteer note-takers are responsible for submitting their notes to AccessAbility every week. The notes can be submitted online or scanned at the Centre. (The form can be downloaded at www.utm.utoronto.ca/accessability/potential-notetakers.)

Volunteer note-takers will receive a certificate of recognition and reference letter at the end of the year. If you are interested in this opportunity, please take a volunteer form and follow the instructions provided. If you have any questions, please call 905-828-5422, email accessvolunteers.utm@utoronto.ca, or drop by the Centre (room 2047, Davis Building).

Accomodations for Religious Observances

As noted in the the Policy on Scheduling of Classes and Examinations and Other Accommodations for Religious Observances, the following provisions are included:

"It is the policy of the University of Toronto to arrange reasonable accommodation of the needs of students who observe religious holy days other than those already accommodated by ordinary scheduling and statutory holidays.
Students have a responsibility to alert members of the teaching staff in a timely fashion to upcoming religious observances and anticipated absences. Instructors will make every reasonable effort to avoid scheduling tests, examinations or other compulsory activities at these times. If compulsory activities are unavoidable, every reasonable opportunity should be given to these students to make up work that they miss, particularly in courses involving laboratory work. When the scheduling of tests or examinations cannot be avoided, students should be informed of the procedure to be followed to arrange to write at an alternate time.

It is most important that no student be seriously disadvantaged because of her or his religious observances. However, in the scheduling of academic and other activities, it is also important to ensure that the accommodation of one group does not seriously disadvantage other groups within the University community."

With respect to minimum advance notice, the Policy provides that "Students have a responsibility to alert members of the teaching staff in a timely fashion to upcoming religious observances and anticipated absences." Since students would normally be aware of upcoming religious observances as well as examination schedules in advance, a minimum of three weeks advance notice will be considered sufficient.

More information and some dates of potential relevance for the U of T community are available at www.viceprovoststudents.utoronto.ca/publicationsandpolicies/guidelines/religiousobservances.htm.

As with any academic accommodation request, students must submit an on-line Special Consideration Request @ https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest.

Recommandations & Suggestions

Suggested Web sites

Lecture Schedule

> Lecture 1 (September 14): Introduction and Concepts
> Lecture 2 (September 21): Transportation 1
> Lecture 3 (September 28): Transportation 2
> Lecture 4 (October 5): The Battle of Ideas 1 (Deadline for proposal)
> October 12: Thanksgiving - University Closed
> Lecture 5 (October 19): The Battle of Ideas 2
> Lecture 6 (October 26): Term Test
> Lecture 7 (November 2): Market Liberalization, Sweatshops, Child Labor and Fair Trade
> Lecture 8 (November 9): Globalization and Culture
> Lecture 9 (November 16): Global Institutions and Foreign Aid
> Lecture 10 (November 23): Globalization and the Environment
> Lecture 11 (November 30): Finance and Concluding Thoughts

Lecture 1 (September 14): Introduction and Concepts

Mandatory VIDEOs
 

Boudreaux, Don. 2014. "The Hockey Stick of Human Prosperity." MR University: Every Day Economics. 

Hans Rosling's 200 Countries, 200 Years, 4 Minutes - The Joy of Stats - BBC Four

Carden, Art. 2013. "Specialization and Trade: Because We Can't Be Good At Everything." LearnLiberty.org.

Marginal Revolution University. 2012. Principles of Economics - Microeconomics : Arguments against International Trade

Mandatory readings
 

- Introduction
Library of Congress Business Reference Services. Business & Economics Research Advisor (2012/2004)
Defining Globalization
History of Globalization
Elements of Globalization
Trends in Globalization

“Globalization,” on Global Transformations.

- In the beginning
Ebeling, Richard M. 2004. "The Company of Strangers: A Natural History of Economic Life by Paul Seabright." The Freeman - Ideas on Liberty, September 1st.

Broadberry, Stephen. 2013. "Accounting for the Great Divergence." Vox (November 16).

- Concepts
Spruiell, Stephen. 2006. “Protectionism: Tariffs, Subsidies, and Trade Policy.” Global Envision. August 30.

Irwin, Douglas A. 2001. “A Brief History of International Trade Policy.” The Library of Economics and Liberty, November 26.

Irwin, Douglas A. 2008. "International Trade Agreements.” The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

Ikenson, Daniel. 2014. "Enduring Myths that Obscure the Case for Free Trade." Cato at Liberty (December 1). 

- Case studies
Steelman, Jacob D. 2003. “Protectionism Didn’t Help Copper.” Ludwig von Mises Institute, August 9.

Dunaeva, Aleksandra, and Don Mathews. 2007. "How the Shrimp Tariff Backfired." Ludwig von Mises Institute, August 1st.

Suggested readings & links
 

Lectures 2-3 (September 21-28) : Transportation

Mandatory VIDEOs
 

"Ol' Man River" from Showboat (1936) sung by Paul Robeson (A 20th Century classic hinting at what the logistics industry looked like in the late 19th Century.)

Learn Liberty. 2017. The Most Important Invention you Never Thought About

UPS. 2011. We Love Logistics.

Financial Times. 2013. "Container Shipping. The World in a Box."
 
Powell, Ben. 2011. "Top Three Myths about Immigration." LearnLiberty.org.
 
Powell, Ben. 2015. "Should We Let Them All In? How Immigration Helps the Economy." LearnLiberty.org.

Mandatory readings
 

People and Goods
People on the Move” on Global Transformations.

Rodrigue, Jean-Paul, Claude Comtois and Brian Slack. 2013. The Geography of Transport Systems (3rd edition) Routledge.
- Chapter 2: Transportation and the Spatial Structure
  Historical Geography of Transportation: The Emergence of Mechanized Systems
  Historical Geography of Transportation: The Setting of Global Systems
- Chapter 3: Transportation Modes
  Intermodal Transportation and Containerization
  The Containerization of Commodities

Gordon, John Steele. 2014. "100 Years of the Panama Canal." The American (August 15).

World Shipping Council
- About the Industry (browse)
- Glossary of Industry Terms (browse)
- History of Containerization
  * Before Container Shipping
  * The Birth of Intermodalism
  * Industry Globalization

Cudahy, Brian J. 2006. "The Containership Revolution. Malcom MacLean's 1956 Innovation Goes Global." TR News (The Transportation Research Board of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences) (September-October): 5-9.

Desrochers, Pierre. Review of Marc Levinson's The Box: How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger (Princeton University Press, 2006), Independent Review, vol. 12, no. 1, (Summer 2007), pp. 146-149.

Smil, Vaclav. 2010. Prime Movers of Globalization: The History and Impact of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines. MIT Press.
- Review by Nick Schulz, Wall Street Journal (December 1, 2010)
- Review by Mark Reutter, Wilson Quarterly (Winter 2011)
- Review by William Sjostrom, Eh.net (August 2012)

Envirotainer. "Protecting Value beyond Value."

The Free Migration Debate
Powell, Ben. 2010. "An Economic Case for Immigration." Library of Economics and Liberty (June 7). 

Raviv, Shaun. 2013. "If People Could Immigrate Anywhere, Would Poverty Be Eliminated? Some Economists are Pushing for "Open Borders"." The Atlantic (April 26).

Raviv, Shaun. 2014. "Why 'Brain Drain' Can Actually Benefit African Countries. A New Study Reveals that the Farther African Migrants Move, the More they Increase Exports in their Home Countries." The Atlantic (February 11). 

Powell, Ben. 2013. "Immigration Reform -- The Time for Free Trade." Huffington Post (June 16).

Plants, Livestock and Diseases
Findlay, Ronald, and Kevin O’Rourke. 2006. "Mr Columbus’s Economic Bombshell." BBC History, May, p. 41-43.

Tatem, A.J., D.J. Rogers and S.I. Hay. 2006. "Global Transport Networks and Infectious Disease Spread." Advances in Parasitology 62: 293-343.

Nunn, Nathan and Nancy Qian. 2010. "The Columbian Exchange: A History of Diseases, Food and Ideas." Journal of Economic Perspectives 24 (2): 163-188.

Price-Smith, Andrew. 2008. "Risky Trade: Infectious Disease in the Era of Global Trade." Emerging Infectious Diseases 14 (10).

Suggested readings & links
 

Lecture 4-5 (October 5-19) : The Battle of Ideas 1-2

Mandatory videoS
 

Learn Liberty. 2013. "What do Prices Know that you Don't?"

Lecture 4:
We will watch the first hour of The Battle of Ideas, the first episode of The Commanding Heights trilogy (based on the book of the same name), and discuss the main thinkers and ideas featured in this video.

The video is freely available on the PBS Website of the TV series and on YouTube. Please check Episode 1 and look up the transcript menu to help you answer some of the questions.

Lecture 5: We will watch the second part of the first episode of The Battle of Ideas and discuss both the video as well as the skeptics’ case against globalization as something new.

Econstories.tv
- Fear the Boom and the Bust (2010)
- Fight of the Century (2011)

The Nation. 2007. "Naomi Klein: Disaster Capitalism." 

PBS Foreign Exchange. 2008. "The Real News: Naomi Klein." 

Reason TV. 2008. "Johan Norberg Vs Naomi Klein and the Shock Doctrine." 

Mandatory readings
 

- Older debates
- Socialism and interventionism

Borders, Max. 2006."The Stone Age Trinity." TCS Daily, March 6.

Heilbroner, Robert L. “Socialism.” The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

Blinder, Alan S. “Keynesian Economics.” The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

MacKenzie, Richard. “Industrial Policy.” The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

- Free-markets


Rothbard, Murray N. “Free Market.” The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

Boettke, Pete. “Austrian Economics.” The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

Horwitz, Steven. 2012. "On Human Action. We owe a debt to Ludwig von Mises." The Freeman (September 13).

- History

George, Susan. 1999. “A Short History of Neoliberalism.” Conference on Economic Sovereignty in a Globalising World, March 24-26.

Pirie, Madsen. “Privatization.” The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

Poole, Robert W. "Privatization" Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, 2nd edition.

O'Sullivan, John. 2014. "Today's Tories have forgotten the Need for Hard Thinking." The Telegraph (June 15).

DeLong, J. Bradford. 1999. “Forests, Trees, and Intellectual Roots…” Review of James Scott’s Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition have Failed.

- Recent Debates
Naomi Klein and her critics

Klein, Naomi. 2008. "Why the Right Loves a Disaster." Naomiklein.org (January 27).
 
---. 2008. "Naomi Klein: 'We can't lose this moment'" Rabble.ca (December 12).

Norberg, Johan. 2008. "The Klein Doctrine - The Rise of Disaster Polemics." Cato Institute Briefing Papers, No. 102, May 14.

Chait, Jonathan. 2008. "Dead Left (Review of Naomi Klein's The Shock Doctrine)." The New Republic (July 30).

Kein, Naomi. 2008. "One Year After the Publication of The Shock Doctrine, A Response to the Attacks." NaomiKlein.org, September 2.

Norberg, Johan. 2008. "Three Days after Klein's Response, Another Attack." Cato.org (September 4).

Heath, Joseph. 2014. "Bad Arguments against Capitalism, vol. 1." In Due Course (November 22).
 
Brennan, Jason. 2011. "Dear Left: Corporatism Is Your Fault." Bleeding Heart Libertarians (November 29).

Thomas Piketty and his critics

---. 2014. "Thomas Piketty's "Capital", Summarised in Four Paragraphs." The Economist Explains (May 4).
 
McCloskey, Deirdre. 2015. "How Piketty Misses the Point." Cato Policy Report (July/August).
 

Suggested readings & links
 

Lecture 6 (October 26): Term Test


QUESTIONS
 

Lecture 7 (November 2): Market Liberalization, Sweatshops, Child Labor and Fair Trade

Mandatory videoS
 

Stossel, John. 2003. "Sweatshops" Give me a Break! (ABC News) (Transcript).

Learn Liberty. 2011. " The Unbelievable Truth about Sweatshops (Ben Powell)."

Learn Liberty. 2013. Combating Global Poverty with a Cup of Coffee (Colleen Haight) (July 16).

W. P. Carey School of Business (Arizona State University). 2010. "What is Supply Chain Management."

PhD Comics. 2013. How Coffee affects your Brain.

Mandatory readings
 

Barriers to Development
"Bureaucratic Barriers to Entrepreneurship," part of an interview with Peruvian economist and social thinker Hernando de Soto.

Harford, Tim. 2005. "Yes, We Have Bananas. We Just Can't Ship Them." The New York Times (December 16).

Sweatshops and Child Labor
Bachman, Sarah. 2003. "The (Limited) Case for Boycott Threats, Boycotts, and Selective Purchasing." Ethics and Economics 1(1) (December).

Edmonds, Eric. 2005. "Understanding Child Labor: Patterns, Types, and Causes." eJournal USA: Economic Perspectives (May).

Edmonds, Eric. 2003. "Should We Boycott Child Labor?" Ethics and Economics 1(1), December.

Powell, Benjamin. 2008. "In defense of 'Sweatshops'." Library of Economics and Liberty (June 02).

Free Trade Vs Fair Trade
- Overview

--. 2006. "Voting with Your Trolley - Can you really change the world just by buying certain foods?" The Economist (December 7).

Vander Weyer, Martin. 2005. "Can Free Trade be Fair Trade?" New Statesman (February 28).

Booth, Philip and Linda Whetstone. 2007. "Half a Cheer for Fair Trade." Economics Affairs 27 (2): 29-36.

- Supporters

Tarnoff, Richard. 2004. "Fair Trade vs. Free Trade." Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (October).

Fair Trade Canada. 2011. "Response to Lawrence Solomon Article"

- Critics

Baobab. 2014. "Not so Fair Trade. Agriculture in Ethiopia and Uganda." The Economist (May 19). 

Chambers, Andrew. 2009. "Not so fair trade." The Guardian (December 12).

Minogue, Rossa. 2014. "It's Official: Fairtrade Screws over Labourers." Spiked! (May 30).

Rohac, Dalibor. 2011. "'Fair Trade' Is a Crock." New York Post (May 13).

Sidwell, Marc. 2008. Unfair Trade. Adam Smith Institute (Executive Summary).

Case study: Coffee
- Supporters

James, Deborah. 2000. "Justice and Java: Coffee in a Fair Trade Market." NACLA (Sept/Oct).

Singer, Peter. 2006. "Why pay more for fairness?" Webdiary.com.

- Critics

Claar, Victor V. and Colleen E. Haight. 2015. "Fair Trade Coffee: Correspondence." Journal of Economic Perspectives 29(1): 215-16.
 
Callahan, Gene. 2008. "Is Fair Trade a Fair Deal?" The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty 58 (2).

Haight, Colleen. 2011. "The Problem with Fair Trade Coffee." Stanford Social Innovation Review (May 18).

Suggested readings & links
 

Lecture 8 (November 9): Globalization and Culture

Mandatory videoS
 

L. Studio. 2009. Break It Down: Ray Manzarek (Supplemental clip: "The Story of 'Light My Fire' by The Doors")

Mandatory readings

 


- Concepts and debates
The Fate of National Cultures” on Global Transformations.

Davies, Stephen. "Our Economic Past ~ Trade and Diversity." The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty - May 2007, Vol. 57, No. 4.

Boudreaux, Don. 2010. "Free Trade and Globalization: More than 'Just Stuff'." Library of Economics and Liberty (November 1).

Balko, Radley. 2003. "Globalization and Culture" Global Policy Forum.  

Ladage, Rutu. 2014. "The Heartbreaking Truth About Indian Foods That Are Not Indian at All." India Times (September 12).  

Richland, Justin. 2013. "Tribal Culture and Economic Growth." PERC Report 32 (2). 

- Benjamin Barber Vs Tyler Cowen

Barber, Benjamin. 1992. “Jihad Vs McWorld.” The Atlantic. (March)

A debate between Tyler Cowen and Benjamin Barber, Cato Policy Report, May-June 2003.

Suggested readings & links
 

Lecture 9 (November 16): Global Institutions (WTO, IMF, WB) and Foreign Aid

Mandatory videoS
 

June Arunga on
- NGOs, African Business and Human Resource Diversion
- Western Attitudes Towards Business in Africa

Knopfdoubleday. "Nina Munk's The Idealist: Jeffrey Sachs and the Quest to End Poverty" (August 19, 2013).

CSPAN2. Book TV: "The Idealist: Jeffrey Sachs and the Quest to End Poverty by Nina Munk" (September-October 2013), 27:00 to 46:00.

Festival of Dangerous Ideas. 2012. "Jane Bussmann Interview 'Bono and Bob Get Out of Africa'."

Mandatory readings
 

Global Institutions
Historical Perspective
Luther, William J. 2014. Review of "The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order (Princeton University Press, 2013)" by Benn Steil, Independent Review 18 (3) (Winter 2014).

In their own words


What is the WTO?
- WTO. 2011. Making Globalization Socially Sustainable (Brochure) (Note: Full report and other material available here)

What is the IMF?
- IMF 2008. Globalization: A Brief Overview

About us (the World Bank).
- WB. Youthink! Issues - Globalization

What do others think?
- IMF and World Bank
Spruiell, Stephan. 2006. “The IMF and World Bank: An Overview.” Global Envision (December 27).

Bovard, James. 2009. "McNamara's Other Debacle." LewRockwell.com (July 10).

Bate, Roger and Benjamin Schwab. 2004. "McNamara's Bank." TCS Daily (July 29).

Karlin, Mark. 2007. "Naomi Klein: Shocking the World Bank and IMF Crowd with her Analysis of 'Disaster Capitalism." BuzzFlash (October 16).

Klein, Naomi. 2007. "The World Bank has the Perfect Standard Bearer." The Guardian (April 27).

French, Doug. 2014. "Monetary One World Order." Mises Canada (October 6). 

- WTO
Rockwell, Lew. 2004. “Cotton Candy.” Mises Institute Daily Commentary (April 29).

Nader, Ralph and Lori Wallach. "GATT, NAFTA, and the Subversion of the Democratic Process: WTO, The Global Enforcer" (excerpted from the book The Case Against the Global Economy edited by Jerry Mander and Edward Goldsmith, Sierra Club Books, 1997).

Griswold, Dan. 2000. "WTO Critics Trade Away Truth for a Sound Bite." Cato Institute Commentary (January 2).

Lester, Simon. 2014 "The WTO vs. the TPP." Cato Institute Commentary (May 2).

Foreign Aid
- Overview

Andrews, Fred. 2013. "A Surprising Case against Foreign Aid (Review of Angus Deaton's The Great Escape, Princeton University Press, 2013)." The New York Times (October 12).

Bhagwati, Jagdish. 2010. "Review of Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better." Foreigh Affairs (January/February).

Williamson, Claudia. 2009. "P.T. Bauer, Development Prophet." AidWatch (November 3).

Ferguson, Niall. 2007. "The Least Among Us." The New York Times (July 1st).

Rieff, David. 2010. "Bono Can't Save The World, Neither Can We." The New Republic (October 19).

Ridley, Matt. 2014. "The Tyranny of Experts." The Rational Optimist (March 21).

Theroux, Paul. 2013. "Africa's Aid Mess." Barron's (November 30).

Hobbes, Michael. 2014. "Stop Trying to Save the World. Big ideas are Destroying International Development." New Republic (November 17).

Mitchell, Dan. 2012. "American Politicians Should Learn Some Policy Lessons from Hong Kong and Singapore." International Liberty (May 19). 

- Jeffrey Sachs and his (recent) critics
Sachs, Jeffrey D. 2013. "The End of Poverty, Soon." The New York Times (September 24).

Sachs, Jeffrey. 2014. "The Case for Aid." Foreign Policy (January 21).

Gates, Bill. 2014. "Why Jeffrey Sachs Matters." Project Syndicate (May 21).

Munk, Nina. 2013. "The Idealist: Jeffrey Sachs and the Quest to End Poverty (Book Excerpts)." Huffington Post.
- Part 1
- Part 2
- Part 3

Starobin, Paul. 2013. "Does It Take a Village." Foreign Policy (June 24).

Foster, Peter. 2013. "Jeffrey Sachs meets Hayek." National Post (September 18).

Handy, Bruce. 2013. "Nina Munk on Her New Book: Can 'Bono's Africa Guru' Jeffrey Sachs Truly End Poverty?" Vanity Fair (September 20).

Easterly, William. 2013. "The Big Aid Debate is Over." Reason (October 4).

-Highly recommended, but optional, podcast and links
Roberts, Russ. 2014. Econtalk 
"Nina Munk on Poverty, Development, and the Idealist" (January 27) 
"Jeffrey Sachs on the Millennium Villages Project" (March 17)
"Postmortem on Sachs Episode" (March 21) 

- Odious Debt
Probe International on Odious Debts

Suggested readings & links
 

Lecture 10 (November 23): Globalization and the Environment

Mandatory readings
 

- Overview

Globalization and the Environment on Global Transformations

Gallagher, Kevin P. 2009. "Economic Globalization and the Environment." Annual Review of Environment and Resources 34: 279-304.

- Case Study: Synthetic Dyes, International Trade and the Environment

Morris, Peter J.T. and Anthony S. Travis. 1992. "A History of the International Dyestuff Industry." American Dyestuff Reporter 81 (11) (November).

Desrochers, Pierre. 2014. "A Colourful History of Progress: The development of synthetic dyes was a mini industrial revolution." Spiked! (November 18).
 

Suggested readings & links
 

Lecture 11 (November 30): Finance and Concluding Thoughts

Mandatory videoS
 

Learn Liberty. 2012. "Why not Print More Money? (Antony Davies)

Learn Liberty. 2013. "How to Fight Global Poverty. (Stephen Davies)

Boudreaux, Don. 2015. "An Orgy of Innovation." MR University: Everyday Economics.

Jack Webb Dragnet - The Big Departure Speech (1968). 

Mandatory readings
 

- Finance
The Global Economy - Finance on Global Transformations.

Das, Dilip. K. 2006. "Globalization in the World of Finance: An Analytical History." Global Economy Journal 6 (1) (Article 2).

Sumner, Scott. "Weak Currencies don't Cause Trade Surpluses." Library of Economics and Liberty (July 16). 

- Concluding Thoughts

DeGregori, Thomas R. 2005. "Quietly, Invisibly, Ominously Getting Healthier and Healthier." HealthFactsAndFears.com (September 30).

Cohen, Patricia. 2011. "Technology Advances; Human Supersize." The New York Times (April 26).

Jerven, Morton. 2015. "Misunderstanding Growth in Africa: How Economists get it Wrong." African Arguments (June 9).
 
Horwitz, Steven. 2013. "The Calling: In Defense of Complex, Global, Fast Living." Future of Freedom Foundation. 

Kolata, Gina. 2006. "So Big and Healthy Grandpa Wouldn't Even Know You." The New York Times (July 30).

Rector, Robert and Rachel Sheffield. 2011. Air Conditioning, Cable TV, and an Xbox: What Is Poverty in the United States Today? Backgrounder #2575, Heritage Foundation (Executive Summary).

Maxim Pinkovskiy and Xavier Sala-i-Martin. 2010. "African Poverty is Falling... Much Faster than You Think." Vox (December 6).

Perry, Mark. 2014. "It's the Greatest Achievement in Human History, and One you Probably never Heard About." Carpe Diem Blog (AEI) (November 3). 

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