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University of Toronto Mississauga • Department of Geography • FALL 2018

GGR 365H5S Trade and Globalization


 Instructor: Pierre Desrochers


 Lectures: Tuesday 7-9PM


 Phone: (905) 828-5206

 Office: Davis Building, room 3273


 Lecture room: CC 2130





Course Description
Course Format
Course Objectives
Required Texts
> Terms Test and Final Exam
Contacting the Instructor
> Written Assignments
> Department of Geography Late Assignment/Missed Test Policy
> Equity Statement and Academic Rights
Expectations/Classroom Behaviour/Behaviour in the Academic Setting
> Academic Integrity/Honesty or Academic Offenses
> Accessibility
> Accommodations for Religious Observances
> Recommandations & Suggestions
> Lecture Schedule

> Lecture 1 (September 11): Introduction and Concepts
> Lecture 2 (September 18): Transportation 1
> Lecture 3 (September 25): Transportation 2
> Lecture 4 (October 2): The Battle of Ideas 1
> October 9: Fall Reading Week
> Lecture 5 (October 16): The Battle of Ideas 2
> Lecture 6 (October 23): Term Test
> Lecture 7 (October 30): Market Liberalization, Sweatshops, Child Labor and Fair Trade
> Lecture 8 (November 6): Market Liberalization, Sweatshops, Child Labor and Fair Trade
> Lecture 9 (November 13): Globalization and Culture
> Lecture 10 (November 20): Global Institutions and Foreign Aid
> Lecture 11 (November 27): Globalization and the Environment
> Lecture 12 (December 4): Finance and Concluding Thoughts
> Suggested Readings


Course Description

This course uses economic and geographical principles to help students understand the advent of the current period of globalization. In this context, globalization refers to international trade liberalization which results in increased contacts across borders, migration, trade, and investment. Topics covered will include the history of globalization, the environment, sweatshops, development and inequalities. By the end of the course, students should have gained a deeper understanding of current controversies surrounding international trade and globalization.

Course format

The course format will alternate between formal classes and open discussions. Students are expected to have read the assigned texts in advance.

Course Objectives

The course has five main objectives:

1) To provide some historical perspective and to cover the basic factors which led to the advent of what we now term globalization;
2) To introduce the students to some of the most important players and institutions shaping international trade;
3) To cover some of the most important controversies surrounding international trade;
4) To memorize and use, without aids, the basic terminology with which professionals in relevant disciplines communicate their work and their research findings;
5) To apply a wide range of academic skills in active listening, note-taking, studying, reading, and test-taking to upper-level university courses.




1) Written Assignment 1
2) Term Test
3) Written Assignment 2
4) Written Assignment 3
5) Final Exam


October 2
October 23
December 4
December 4
Dec. 18th 9 -11 am IB 110

As per the University Grading Practices Policy, please note that "after the methods of evaluation have been made known, the instructor may not change them or their relative weight without the consent of at least a simple majority of the students enrolled in the course. Any changes shall be reported to the division or the department."

How to Query or Challenge a Mark

Please note that you have two weeks from the date an item is discussed in class to ask for the item to be remarked. Contact the Course Instructor for all queries about course marks, or if you wish to challenge a mark. Absolutely no item will be remarked after the two-week period has passed. Material submitted for remarking must be accompanied by a brief written explanation detailing your reasons for dissatisfaction with the original mark (such as an addition error or something you think the marker may have missed). A request for a remark without a written explanation will not be acted upon.

Please note that you are allowed two questions where you and the instructor can agree to disagree (meaning you believe that you are entitled to a higher mark, but your instructor disagrees) without penalty. Beginning with the third question where you and your instructor disagree, one point will be taken off your final mark by question for which a revised mark was requested by you and denied by the instructor.

Discussions of the test/exam and written assignments can be found below.

Required texts

There is no textbook or reading package for this class. Most of the readings are freely available on the Web and links are provided on the course’s Webpage. Suggested readings are not required, but students who will write term papers on topics covered in these texts are expected to be familiar with them.

Most of the suggested readings are freely accessible from anywhere. Some of them, however, may require you to use a UofT terminal or user code.

Terms Test and Final Exam

A set of questions will be given in advance. Students will be asked to answer a number of these during the test along with one or two open-ended questions. PowerPoint slides presented during the lectures WILL NOT be posted online. Note that everything discussed in class can the subject of the open-ended questions. No documentation is allowed during the tests.


Contacting the instructor

Office hours are Tuesday 5:30 - 7PM, Davis 3273. You can contact me at

Please read the course syllabus before e-mailing a question or expect a one line answer telling you to look it up if the answer is already there.

Always use your University of Toronto e-mail address ( for all course-related communications. E-mails from other domains (e.g., hotmail, Rogers, gmail, yahoo, etc.) may be filtered as spam and will at any rate be ignored. Always include the course code (e.g., GGR365) as part of your subject line, along with your full name and student number in the body of the e-mail. E-mails will be answered during office hours as promptly as possible. Please note that I do not open attachments and will not answer during week-ends.

The first person that you should e-mail concerning department- or program-related queries or to submit documentation regarding a missed assignment, quiz, or test is the Academic Counsellor for Geography/Environment, Sabrina Ferrari (

E-mail should NOT be viewed as an alternative to meeting with the TA or professor during office hours. Nor should e-mail be used as a mechanism to receive private tutorials (especially prior to tests) or to explain material that was covered in missed lectures. Not receiving replies to e-mails from the TA or professor, or not receiving them in time, will not be an acceptable excuse for pleas for extensions to assignment or exam deadlines.

Students are advised to consult for information on university policy concerning the appropriate use of information and communication technology.

© PhD Comics

Written Assignments

What is the point of these assignments?
• To acquire more in-depth learning about a topic discussed in this course and its relevance to broader policy discussions
• To develop your writing skills
• To learn to think critically
• To learn the basics of scholarly and policy work

Useful links to help you write your assignments
The University of Toronto Library staff has compiled several links on researching and writing term papers and other types of work. Please look them up, along with the various university resources available to you:
• Writing (University of Toronto Mississauga Library)
• Writing at the University of Toronto
• Robert Gillespie Academic Skills Centre
• University of Toronto Library Research Guides: Geography
• University of Toronto Mississauga Library liaison librarian Andrew Nicholson

Citation styles
Please look up the University of Toronto Library webpage devoted to citing sources and creating your bibliography.
For written assignments 1 and 2 your are free to follow any of the Standard Documentation Formats, but I insist you use endnotes in assignment #2 (try to mimick the Ottawa documents as closely as possible).
For assignment 3 no citations are expected.

Students unfamiliar with Turnitin are directed to the Turnitin guide from the University of Toronto's Centre for Teaching Support and Innovation.
Normally, students will be required to submit written assignments to for a review of textual similarity and detection of possible plagiarism. In doing so, students will allow their assignments to be included as source documents in the reference database, where they will be used solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. The terms that apply to the University's use of the service are described on the web site ( If you have an objection to the use of Turnitin for the submission of your work, please make an appointment to speak personally with the Course Instructor to discuss alternative arrangements.

Please note that submitting your paper through or making alternative arrangements with your professor before the relevant deadlines is not optional. Failure to do so will result in a grade of 0 for your assignment. The late penalties describe in this syllabus will apply. course ID: 19281961.
The Turnitin key (password) will be given in class and through Quercus.

Details of the written assignments
Written assignment #1 (10% of your final mark)
Please choose your topic for this assignment carefully as it will apply to all your written assignments this semester. [Hint: I strongly encourage you to look at the relevant required readings for each potential subject so that you select the one that is of greatest interest to you.]

Write a 2-3 page reflection on ONE of the following questions. The choice is yours. Please use the relevant required readings of the lectures listed in parenthesis as a basis for your reflection. Cite these relevant readings in your paper. You may cite additional sources if you want to, but this is not required for this assignment.

• What is "democratic socialism" and why has been in the news these last few years? Is it something different than other forms of socialism that existed before and is it likely to deliver on the promises of its proponents? (Lectures 4-5)

• Do you think the food service provider at the University of Toronto Mississauga should promote and increase the volume of fair trade food products sold on campus? (Lectures 7-8)

• In the Canadian context, what is (food) supply management and why has it been in the news lately? Should the system be preserved or abolished? (Lectures 7-8)

• What is "cultural appropriation" and why has it been in the news these last few years? Do you think the concept is valid and should inform public policy? (Lecture 9)

In short, what your professor wants to know is 1) what is the topic about (i.e., define the concept and summarize the relevant controversy if applicable)? 2) What do you think of the debate/controversy on this topic based on your preliminary readings?

• Text should be written in full sentences and paragraphs organized in a clear and coherent fashion.
• The reflection should be written from a first-person perspective (i.e., you can use "I", "me", and "my" in this assignment).
• Text should be 11-12 point font and 1.5-2.0 line spacing on all pages. If applicable, block quotes and bibliography should use 1.0 line spacing.
• Pages should have regular 1 inch (2.54 cm) margins.

• Tuesday, October 2nd @ 23:59 (week 4) via Turnitin

Written assignment #2 (20% of your final mark)
The goal of this assignment is to write a document similar to the "In Brief" notes produced by the Library of Parliament's Information and Research Service (Ottawa).
Here are links to a few "In Brief" notes:
• Barnes, Andre. 2010. In Brief: Youth Voter Turnout in Canada: 1. Trends and Issues. Publication No. 2010-19-E. Parliamentary Information and Research Service. Ottawa: Library of Parliament. 

• Heminthavong, Khamla. 2015. In Brief: Canada's Supply Management System (PDF). Publication No. 2015-138-E. Parliamentary Information and Research Service. Ottawa: Library of Parliament.

• McGlashan, Lindsay. 2015. In Brief: Public-Private Partnerships: Are Canadians Getting the Full Picture? (PDF) Publication No. 2015-50-E. Parliamentary Information and Research Service. Ottawa: Library of Parliament.

As specified on the Library of Parliament's website, their publications aim to "provide analysis to parliamentarians, parliamentary committees and parliamentary associations on current and emerging key issues, legislation and major public policy topics. The publications provide non-partisan, reliable and timely information on subjects that are relevant to parliamentary and constituency work (my emphasis)."

Your goal is to follow the spirit of these "In Brief" notes and produce a short document for busy people that presents all aspects of a particular problem in a non-partisan way. You must present and define the issue or problem, provide some background or context, explain why it is important and list all arguments for and against the problem or issue discussed. You can use bullet points, graphs or maps, but each claim or piece of evidence must be supported through an endnote.

• Cover page. Must include subject title, first and last name, student number, course number and year
• Table of contents
• Between 6 and 9 pages of text, excluding cover page, table of contents and endnotes
• Text should be 11-12 point font; 1.0 line spacing on all pages, including cover page, block quotes, and endnotes
• Pages should have regular 1.0 inch margins
• Reference/Citation style: Endnotes. Format of your choice, but you must be consistent

• Tuesday, December 4th @ 23:59 via Turnitin

Written assignment #3 (15% of your final mark)
An op-ed (originally short for "opposite the editorial page") is a written prose piece which presents a specific opinion as opposed to a balanced perspective.

Your task in assignment #3 is to your write your own commentary on the question you have researched in assignments 1 and 2. Present and support your one-sided position with ideas and facts learned while researching your previous assignments and in other lectures and readings during the semester.

Your op-ed should be between 650-750 words, excluding your name, course number and student number. This assignment does not require a cover page, but it requires you to write the word count of your piece at the end of your assignments (e.g., word count: 673 words.)

Keep in mind that your audience is the general reading public, meaning people who are likely not familiar with your topic and who may not have had a post-secondary education. You must therefore draw their interest by using a catchy title and, ideally, a "hook" at the beginning of your story (e.g., "poachers have killed government officials in a nature preserve"; "ruins of a gigantic city have been discovered in the Amazon"). Explain your position using simple language, do your best to persuade and do not simply make assertions (e.g., "every expert agrees with me").

Keep in mind that your word count is low and that you might have to use only your BEST arguments, not all the arguments that support your position.

The University of Toronto offers the following guidelines to write an effective op-ed piece:
• Focus on one main idea or a single theme in your op-ed.
• Have a clear editorial viewpoint. State that point in your first paragraph, and then proceed to back up your opinion or prove your thesis.
• Look for opportunities to wed your specific area of expertise or interest with news developments
• If you can, be controversial in your opinion.
• Always write for the lay reader. Be clear and straightforward. Use simple words, short declarative sentences. Even the brainiest of readers will lose interest if your submission is replete with long, complex sentences and paragraphs.
• Make your submission as argumentative as possible. It should not appear driven by anger and it should follow methodological reasoning.
• Express a strong call to action. Write with passion and "fire in your gut."
• Take pains to educate the reader with your insight, but don't condescend or preach.

See also the op-ed guidelines of Carleton College.

Op-ed links
• New York Times op-ed page

• Tuesday, December 4th @ 23:59 via Turnitin

Department of Geography Late assignment/Missed Test Policy

This is the departmental policy for late assignments and missed tests. Please note that the penalty related to your proposal is different. In this particular case, I apply my own policy as specified on the syllabus.

n-class or Online QUIZ/TESTS: Students CANNOT petition to re-write a quiz/test once the test has begun. If you are feeling ill, please do not start the online or in-class test and seek medical attention immediately. You must have a physician fill out a U of T Student Medical Certificate and submit a request via the online Special Consideration Request form @ within 24 hours.

Online Submissions for Term Work: It is every student’s responsibility to ensure that their online submission is submitted successfully by the due date. Accommodations will not be made for unsuccessful submissions due to, but not limited to, i) the system timing out ii) submitting the incorrect document(s) iii) poor internet connection / no internet connection etc.

Missed Term Work (Assignment/Lab - as per Department of Geography policy):
Late assignments will be subject to a late penalty of 10% per day (including weekends) of the total marks for the assignment. Assignments submitted five calendar days beyond the due date will be assigned a grade of zero.

Academic accommodation can be made when an assignment is late. For accommodations on late/missed assignments please see section on "Extension of Time".

Missed Term Work (Quiz/Test - as per Department of Geography policy):
In courses with final exams, there will be no re-writes or make-ups for term tests/quizzes missed for University-accepted, verifiable reasons. Instead, the final exam will be re-weighted by the value of the term test/quiz.

Requesting Academic Accommodation using the Online Special Consideration Request Application: In Geography and Environment courses, professors cannot grant extensions on term work or allow makeups for missed items. If you ask for and receive an extension or a makeup date directly from a professor, without following the appropriate steps as outlined in this document, it will be invalid and may be revoked at any time by the departmental petitions committee.

Students are responsible in ensuring strong reliable internet connection. Special consideration requests due to poor internet connection (ie. unable to complete online quiz / unable to submit assignment before deadline) will not be accepted.

Informing Your Professor and Submitting Appropriate Documentation:
The following steps must be completed in order to be considered for academic accommodation for any course work such as missed tests or late assignments:

1. Students must inform their professor in writing (e-mail is acceptable) within 24 hours of a test date/assignment due date of any circumstances that prevent them from writing a test or submitting an assignment on time.
2. Students must complete an online Special Consideration Request @ Students who miss a test due to circumstances beyond their control (e.g. illness or an accident) can request that the Department grant them special consideration. You must inform your instructor within 24 hours and you have up to one (1) week from the date of the missed test to submit your online request (late requests will NOT be considered without a "letter of explanation" as to why the request is late). You must present your case to the Department (not the Instructor). Note: The system only supports Microsoft Internet Explorer and Firefox for the time being.
3. Original supporting documentation (e.g. Verification of Student Illness or Injury form, accident report, etc) MUST BE SUBMITTED to the DROP BOX (labeled "Environment and Geography Petition Documentation") located outside Room 3282, Davis Building. Supporting documentation is required within 48 hours of submitting your online request.
Please Note: If you missed your test for a reason connected to your registered disability, please be advised that the department will accept documentation supplied by the UTM AccessAbility Resource Centre.
Note: (i) ROSI declarations are not accepted as supporting documentation.
(ii) If your reason for absence is due to a last minute flight due to a family emergency (illness/death etc.) you must provide your flight itinerary INCLUDING the date the flight was purchased as well as boarding passes in addition to proof of death/illness/accident.
4. Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms MUST include the statement "This Student was unable to write the test on date(s) for medical reasons". Documentation MUST show that the physician was consulted within ONE day of the test date. A statement merely confirming a report of illness made by the student is NOT acceptable (such as, "This patient tells me that he was feeling ill on that day."). Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms can be found on the Office of the Registrar's webpage (

Please complete the following:
- Special request link:
- Verification of Illness form:

Please note that the written explanation and documentation that you submit represents an appeal from you, requesting the opportunity to account for that portion of your grade in some other manner. If an appeal is not received, or if the appeal is deemed unacceptable, you will receive a grade of zero for the item you missed. If the appeal is granted - that is, your reason for missing the item is considered acceptable by the committee - then a mechanism for accounting for the grade value of the missed item will be discussed.

A Departmental committee evaluates each request. Decisions will be communicated by email within two weeks of receipt of all completed documents. Note: It is your responsibility to ensure your email account is working and able to receive emails. Claims that a Departmental decision was not received will NOT be considered as a reason for further consideration. Contact Sabrina Ferrari ( Academic Counselor, should you NOT receive notification of your decision within 2 weeks of submission.

Note that holidays and pre-purchased plane tickets, family plans, your friend's wedding, lack of preparation, or too many other tests are not acceptable excuses for missing a quiz, a test, or an item of term work.

Extension of Time
Students are expected to back up their work at all times. As such, extension requests due to computer issues (stolen, crashed, damaged etc.) will not be considered. The following steps must be completed in order to be considered for academic accommodation for any assignment extensions. Assignments handed in AFTER the work has been returned to the class cannot be marked for credit.

1. Students must inform their professor in writing (e-mail is acceptable) IN ADVANCE of an assignment due date of any circumstances that prevent them from submitting their assignment on time.
2. Students must complete an online Special Consideration Request @ IN ADVANCE of the assignment due date. Note: The system only supports Microsoft Internet Explorer and Firefox for the time being.
3. Original supporting documentation (e.g. Verification of Student Illness or Injury form, accident report, etc) MUST BE SUBMITTED to the DROP BOX (labeled "Environment and Geography Petition Documentation") located outside Room 3282, Davis Building. Supporting documentation is required within one (1) week of submitting your online request.
4. Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms: Documentation MUST show that the physician was consulted within ONE day of the assignment due date. A statement merely confirming a report of illness made by the student is NOT acceptable (such as, "This patient tells me that he was feeling ill on that day."). Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms can be found on the Office of the Registrar's webpage (

Original supporting documentation (e.g. Verification of Student Illness or Injury form, accident report, etc) MUST BE SUBMITTED to the DROP BOX (labeled "Environment and Geography Petition Documentation") located outside Room 3282, Davis Building. Note: ROSI declarations are not accepted as supporting documentation. You are expected to submit your request to the Department before the due date of the assignment, unless demonstrably serious reasons prevent you from doing so. In the event of an illness, if you are seeking a one-day extension, Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms must confirm that you were ill on the due date of the assignment; if you are requesting a longer extension, your documentation must specify exactly the length of the period during which you were unable to carry out your academic work. For extensions of time beyond the examination period you must submit a petition through the Office of the Registrar.

A Departmental committee evaluates each request for an extension of time. Decisions will be communicated by email within two weeks of receipt of all completed documents. Please note that students are required to submit their assignment/lab as soon as they are able and they should NOT wait for the decision of the committee. Note: It is your responsibility to ensure your email account is working and able to receive emails. Claims that a Departmental decision was not received will NOT be considered as a reason for further consideration. Contact Sabrina Ferrari ( Academic Counsellor, should you NOT receive notification of your decision within 2 weeks of submission.

It is your responsibility to follow the appropriate procedures and submit requests for special consideration on time. Failure to do so may result in the committee denying your request.
Should you require further information regarding Special Considerations, please contact the Academic Counselor, Sabrina Ferrari
Undergraduate Academic Counselor
Room 3282, Davis Building, Telephone: 905-828-5465

Equity Statement and Academic Rights

The University of Toronto is committed to equity and respect for diversity. All members of the learning environment in this course should strive to create an atmosphere of mutual respect. As a course instructor, I will neither condone nor tolerate behaviour that undermines the dignity or self-esteem of any individual in this course and wish to be alerted to any attempt to create an intimidating or hostile environment. It is our collective responsibility to create a space that is inclusive and welcomes discussion. Discrimination, harassment and hate speech will not be tolerated. If you have any questions, comments, or concerns you may contact the UTM Equity and Diversity officer at or the University of Toronto Mississauga Students' Union Vice President Equity at

Academic Rights

You, as a student at UTM, have the right to:
- Receive a syllabus by the first day of class.
- Rely upon a syllabus once a course is started. An instructor may only change marks' assignments by following the University Assessment
  and Grading Practices Policy provision 1.3.
- Refuse to use (you must be offered an alternative form of submission).
- Have access to your instructor for consultation during a course or follow up with the department chair if the instructor is unavailable.
- Ask the person who marked your term work for a re-evaluation if you feel it was not fairly graded. You have up to one month from the date of
  return of the item to inquire about the mark. If you are not satisfied with a re-evaluation, you may appeal to the instructor in charge of the
  course if the instructor did not mark the work. If your work is remarked, you must accept the resulting mark. You may only appeal a mark
  beyond the instructor if the term work was worth at least 20% of the course mark.
- Receive at least one significant mark (15% for H courses, 25% for Y courses) before the last day you can drop a course for H courses, and
  the last day of classes in the first week of January for Y courses taught in the Fall/Winter terms.
- Submit handwritten essays so long as they are neatly written.
- Have no assignment worth 100% of your final grade.
- Not have a term test worth 25% or more in the last two weeks of class.
- Retain intellectual property rights to your research.
- Receive all your assignments once graded.
- View your final exams. To see a final exam, you must submit an online Exam Reproduction Request within 6 months of the exam. There is a
  small non-refundable fee.
- Privacy of your final grades.
- Arrange for representation from Downtown Legal Services (DLS), a representative from the UTM Students' Union (UTMSU), and/or other
  forms of support if you are charged with an academic offence.

Expectations/Classroom Behaviour/Behaviour in the Academic Setting

Our expectation of you is that you will show respect to the Course Instructor, TAs, other faculty, staff, and fellow students. This includes arriving on time and staying for the entire class (so you don't disturb others by your late entry or early departure); listening quietly (so you don't disturb others by your chatting or online activities); approaching your course work with an open, honest spirit and enthusiasm; and otherwise adhering to the Code.

In turn, you can expect the Course Instructor, staff, and TAs to show respect to you and your fellow students; to deliver the best course that they possibly can; to communicate their enthusiasm for the material; to maintain fairness in all aspects of course delivery and assessment; and otherwise to adhere to the University's Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters.

Academic Integrity/Honesty or Academic Offenses

It is your responsibility as a student at the University of Toronto to familiarize yourself with, and adhere to, both the Code of Student Conduct and the Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters.

This means, first and foremost, that you should read them carefully.

  • The Code of Student Conduct is available from the U of T Mississauga website (Registrar > Academic Calendar > Codes and Policies) or in your print version of the Academic Calendar.

  • The Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters is available from the U of T Mississauga website (Registrar > Academic Calendar > Codes and Policies) or in your print version of the Academic Calendar.

Another helpful document that you should read is How Not to Plagiarize, by M. Procter.

Further Thoughts on Academic Honesty:
The Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters states that:

"The University and its members have a responsibility to ensure that a climate that might encourage, or conditions that might enable, cheating, misrepresentation or unfairness not be tolerated. To this end all must acknowledge that seeking credit or other advantages by fraud or misrepresentation, or seeking to disadvantage others by disruptive behaviour is unacceptable, as is any dishonesty or unfairness in dealing with the work or record of a student." ―University of Toronto Mississauga Academic Calendar

This summarizes what we are all trying to achieve through the implementation of this Code―both students and faculty. We are trying―together―to create an atmosphere of fairness and honesty, in which people can learn and receive appropriate credit for work that they have done. Note that the Code refers specifically to expectations for faculty members, not just for students. It is my responsibility, as a member of the faculty of the University of Toronto, to be familiar with these expectations and adhere to them. There are many additional academic requirements that we are expected to meet with regard to the integrity of course materials, returning of marked work to students, maintenance of student privacy, fairness, grading practices, and others. My TAs and I will make every possible effort to meet these expectations.


U of T Mississauga and the AccessAbility Resource Centre are committed to the full participation of students with disabilities in all aspects of campus life. The AccessAbility Resource Centre provides academic accommodations and services to students who have a physical, sensory, or learning disability, mental health condition, acquired brain injury, or chronic health condition, be it visible or hidden. Students who have temporary disabilities (e.g., broken dominant arm) are also eligible to receive services. All interested students must have an intake interview with an advisor to discuss their individual needs.

Students who require accommodation are advised to visit the AccessAbility Resource Centre as early as possible to have their needs assessed, as it may take some time to process the application.

For more information please contact the centre at:
Room 2047, South Bldg.
Tel/TTY: 905-569-4699

For students who would like to help

Please note that the AccessAbility Resource Centre is looking for a volunteer note-taker to take notes on behalf of students with a disability registered in this class. Volunteer note-takers are responsible for submitting their notes to AccessAbility every week. The notes can be submitted online or scanned at the Centre. (The form can be downloaded at

Volunteer note-takers will receive a certificate of recognition and reference letter at the end of the year. If you are interested in this opportunity, please take a volunteer form and follow the instructions provided. If you have any questions, please call 905-828-5422, email, or drop by the Centre (room 2047, Davis Building).

Accomodations for Religious Observances

As noted in the the Policy on Scheduling of Classes and Examinations and Other Accommodations for Religious Observances, the following provisions are included:

"It is the policy of the University of Toronto to arrange reasonable accommodation of the needs of students who observe religious holy days other than those already accommodated by ordinary scheduling and statutory holidays.
Students have a responsibility to alert members of the teaching staff in a timely fashion to upcoming religious observances and anticipated absences. Instructors will make every reasonable effort to avoid scheduling tests, examinations or other compulsory activities at these times. If compulsory activities are unavoidable, every reasonable opportunity should be given to these students to make up work that they miss, particularly in courses involving laboratory work. When the scheduling of tests or examinations cannot be avoided, students should be informed of the procedure to be followed to arrange to write at an alternate time.

It is most important that no student be seriously disadvantaged because of her or his religious observances. However, in the scheduling of academic and other activities, it is also important to ensure that the accommodation of one group does not seriously disadvantage other groups within the University community."

With respect to minimum advance notice, the Policy provides that "Students have a responsibility to alert members of the teaching staff in a timely fashion to upcoming religious observances and anticipated absences." Since students would normally be aware of upcoming religious observances as well as examination schedules in advance, a minimum of three weeks advance notice will be considered sufficient.

More information and some dates of potential relevance for the U of T community are available at

As with any academic accommodation request, students must submit an on-line Special Consideration Request @

Recommandations & Suggestions

Suggested Web sites

Lecture Schedule

> Lecture 1 (September 11): Introduction and Concepts
> Lecture 2 (September 18): Transportation 1
> Lecture 3 (September 25): Transportation 2
> Lecture 4 (October 2): The Battle of Ideas 1 (Deadline for proposal)
> October 9: Fall Reading Week
> Lecture 5 (October 16): The Battle of Ideas 2
> Lecture 6 (October 23): Term Test
> Lecture 7 (October 30): Market Liberalization, Sweatshops, Child Labor and Fair Trade
> Lecture 8 (November 6): Market Liberalization, Sweatshops, Child Labor and Fair Trade
> Lecture 9 (November 13): Globalization and Culture
> Lecture 10 (November 20): Global Institutions and Foreign Aid
> Lecture 11 (November 27): Globalization and the Environment
> Lecture 12 (December 4): Finance and Concluding Thoughts

Lecture 1 (Sept 11): Introduction and Concepts

Required videos

American Museum of Natural History. 2016. "Human Population through Time." 

Boudreaux, Don. 2014. "The Hockey Stick of Human Prosperity." MR University: Every Day Economics. 

Hans Rosling's 200 Countries, 200 Years, 4 Minutes - The Joy of Stats - BBC Four

Carden, Art. 2013. "Specialization and Trade: Because We Can't Be Good At Everything."

Marginal Revolution University. 2012. Principles of Economics - Microeconomics : Arguments against International Trade

Required readings

- Overview
Library of Congress Business Reference Services. Business & Economics Research Advisor (2012/2004)
Defining Globalization
History of Globalization
Elements of Globalization
Trends in Globalization

“Globalization,” on Global Transformations.

Roser, Max. 2016. "Proof that Life is Getting Better for Humanity, in 5 Charts." Vox (December 23).

Hammond, Alexander C. R. 2017. "The World's Poorest People Are Getting Richer Faster." @HumanProgress (October 27).

Burkeman, Oliver. 2017. "Is the World Really Better than Ever?" The Guardian (July 28). 

- In the beginning
Sanandaji, Nima. 2018. "Markets are as Old as Civilization. The market system was born in Iraq and Syria, not invented by Adam Smith." @HumanProgress (May 16). 

Ebeling, Richard M. 2004. "The Company of Strangers: A Natural History of Economic Life by Paul Seabright." The Freeman - Ideas on Liberty, September 1st.

Broadberry, Stephen. 2013. "Accounting for the Great Divergence." Vox (November 16).

- Concepts and Debates
Irwin, Douglas A. 2001. “A Brief History of International Trade PolicyThe Library of Economics and Liberty, November 26.

Irwin, Douglas A. 2008. "International Trade AgreementsThe Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

Ikenson, Daniel. 2014. "Enduring Myths that Obscure the Case for Free Trade." Cato at Liberty (December 1). 

Fletcher, Ian. 2011. "The Theory That's Killing America's Economy - and Why It's Wrong." Huffington Post (April 7).

Fletcher, Ian. 2016 (updated). "Five Years Later, Free Trade Still Doesn't Work." Huffington Post (November 17).

Murray, Ian. 2018. "The Case for Free Trade Restated." (August 20).

- Case studies
Steelman, Jacob D. 2003. “Protectionism Didn’t Help Copper.” Ludwig von Mises Institute, August 9.

Dunaeva, Aleksandra, and Don Mathews. 2007. "How the Shrimp Tariff Backfired." Ludwig von Mises Institute, August 1st.

Suggested readings & links

Lectures 2-3 (Sept 18-25) : Transportation

Required videos

Powell, Ben. 2011. "Top Three Myths about Immigration."
Powell, Ben. 2015. "Should We Let Them All In? How Immigration Helps the Economy."

Around the World in 80 Day (1956 trailer)

USDA, Resettlement Administration. 1937. "Loading Cotton Bales On Steam Boat." 

"Ol' Man River" from Showboat (1936) sung by Paul Robeson (A 20th Century classic hinting at what the logistics industry looked like in the late 19th Century.)

Learn Liberty. 2017. The Most Important Invention you Never Thought About

UPS. 2011. We Love Logistics.

Financial Times. 2013. "Container Shipping. The World in a Box."

Port of Long Beach. 2010. "Pulse of the Port: Refrigerated Containers."

FleetMonCom. 2016. "Global ship traffic seen from space - FleetMon Satellite AIS and FleetMon Explorer."

Vox. 2018. "China's Trillion Dollar Plan to Dominate Global Trade." 

Required readings

The History of Transportation

People and Goods

“People on the Move” on Global Transformations.

Staff Writer. Undated. "Inca Roads and Chasquis." Discover Peru.

Ruppenthal, Karl. M. 2015 (revised). "Transportation." Canadian Encyclopedia

Rodrigue, Jean-Paul, Claude Comtois and Brian Slack. 2013. The Geography of Transport Systems (3rd edition) Routledge.
- Chapter 2: Transportation and the Spatial Structure
  Historical Geography of Transportation: The Emergence of Mechanized Systems
  Historical Geography of Transportation: The Setting of Global Systems
- Chapter 3: Transportation Modes
  Intermodal Transportation and Containerization
  The Containerization of Commodities

World Shipping Council
- About the Industry (browse)
- Glossary of Industry Terms (browse)
- History of Containerization
  * Before Container Shipping
  * The Birth of Intermodalism
  * Industry Globalization

Cudahy, Brian J. 2006. "The Containership Revolution. Malcom MacLean's 1956 Innovation Goes Global." TR News (The Transportation Research Board of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences) (September-October): 5-9.

Gateway Container. Undated. "A Brief History of Shipping Containers."

Wang, Dan. 2016. "An Interview With Marc Levinson, Author of 'The Box'." Flexport Blog (March 29).

Envirotainer. "Protecting Value beyond Value."

99% Invisible. 2015. "The Climate-Controlled Shipping Containers That Transport Our Food Are Called Reefers." Slate (September 9).

Gill, Vijay. 2013. Fast and Fresh: A Recipe for Canada's Food Supply Chain.s Conference Board of Canada (Executive Summary).

Hampstead, John Paul. 2017. "Panama Canal Expansion Pits East Coast vs. West Coast." Freight Waves (November 13). 

"Medieval Trade Route Networks."

The Free Migration Debate
Powell, Ben. 2010. "An Economic Case for Immigration." Library of Economics and Liberty (June 7). 

Yglesias, Matthew. 2017 (update). "Immigration Makes America Great. Current policy could be improved, but American progress depends on welcoming foreigners." Vox (September 3).

Raviv, Shaun. 2013. "If People Could Immigrate Anywhere, Would Poverty Be Eliminated? Some Economists are Pushing for "Open Borders"." The Atlantic (April 26).

Raviv, Shaun. 2014. "Why 'Brain Drain' Can Actually Benefit African Countries. A New Study Reveals that the Farther African Migrants Move, the More they Increase Exports in their Home Countries." The Atlantic (February 11). 

Plants, Livestock and Diseases
Findlay, Ronald, and Kevin O’Rourke. 2006. "Mr Columbus’s Economic Bombshell." BBC History, May, p. 41-43.

Price-Smith, Andrew. 2008. "Risky Trade: Infectious Disease in the Era of Global Trade." Emerging Infectious Diseases 14 (10).

Suggested readings & links

Lectures 4-5 (Oct 2-16) : The Battle of Ideas 1-2

Required videoS
- Fear the Boom and the Bust (2010)
- Fight of the Century (2011)

Wall Street Journal. 2015. "Bernie Sanders Defines Democratic Socialism." (November 19).

Velshi & Ruhle. 2018. "What is Democratic Socialism?" (June 28).

Mashable. 2016. "What is Democratic Socialism? | Mashable Explains."

Bill Whittle. 2017. "Socialism is for Suckers: Venezuela."

Bill Whittle. 2017. "2. Socialism."

Lecture 4: We will watch the first hour of The Battle of Ideas, the first episode of The Commanding Heights trilogy (based on the book of the same name), and discuss the main thinkers and ideas featured in this video.

The video is freely available on the PBS Website of the TV series and on YouTube. Please check Episode 1 and look up the transcript menu to help you answer some of the questions.

Learn Liberty. 2013. "What do Prices Know that you Don't?"

The Conservative Online. 2017. "I Sandwich by Danial Hannan." 

Lecture 5: We will watch the second part of the first episode of The Battle of Ideas and discuss both the video and the recent controversy around democratic socialism.

Required readings

Two Cows

- In the News: Recent Controversies
Day, Meagan. 2018. "Democratic Socialism, Explained by a Democratic Socialist. It's not just New Deal Liberalism." Vox (August 1).

Haltiwanger, John. 2018. "Here's the Difference Between a 'Socialist' and a 'Democratic Socialist'." Business Insider (June 28).

Ebeling, Richard M. 2018. "Collectivism's Progress: From Marxism to Race and Gender Intersectionality." FFF Articles (March 19).

Philipp, Joshua. 2018 (update). "Jordan Peterson Exposes the Postmodernist Agenda. Communist principles in postmodernism were spread under the guise of identity politics." The Epoch Times (June 4).

Roberts, Russ. 2017. "The Three Blind Spots of Politics." Medium (June 25).

Niemietz, Kristian. 2017. "Socialism - not Oil Prices - is to Blame for Venezuela's Woes." CapX (August 16).

- Older debates

- Socialism and interventionism

Heilbroner, Robert L. “SocialismThe Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

Blinder, Alan S. “Keynesian EconomicsThe Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

MacKenzie, Richard. “Industrial PolicyThe Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

- Free-markets

Rothbard, Murray N. “Free MarketThe Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

Boettke, Pete. “Austrian EconomicsThe Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

Tupy, Marian L. 2016. "Is Hostility Really at the Root of Capitalism?" CapX (September 2).

- History

George, Susan. 1999. “A Short History of Neoliberalism.” Conference on Economic Sovereignty in a Globalising World, March 24-26.

Pirie, Madsen. “PrivatizationThe Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

Poole, Robert W. "Privatization" Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, 2nd edition.

O'Sullivan, John. 2014. "Today's Tories have forgotten the Need for Hard Thinking." The Telegraph (June 15).

DeLong, J. Bradford. 1999. “Forests, Trees, and Intellectual Roots…” Review of James Scott’s Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition have Failed.

Ridley, Matt. 2017. "A Century of Marxism-Leninism." The Rational Optimist (January 3).

Ebeling, Richard. 2018. "Karl Marx and Marxism at Two Hundred." (May 9).

Gregg, Samuel. 2018. "Miracle Men: How Market Liberals Saved Germany from Economic Catastrophe." Law and Liberty (June 20).

Metcalf, Stephen. 2017. "Neoliberalism: The Idea that Swallowed the World." The Guardian (August 18).

Jonathan D. Ostry, Jonathan D., Prakash Loungani, and Davide Furceri. 2016. "Neoliberalism: Oversold?" Finance & Development 53 (2): 38-41.

Tupy, Marian L. 2017. "The Man Behind the Hong Kong Miracle." CapX (August 18).

- Postscript

Wess, Kai and Jeffrey Tucker.2017. "It's Not Just Socialists We Need to Worry About. FEE's Jeffrey Tucker speaks about his latest book and the pervasive threat to liberty that is right-wing collectivism. on right-wing collectivism." (December 14).

Suggested readings & links

Lecture 6 (Oct 23): Term Test


Lectures 7-8 (OCT 30 - Nov 6): Market Liberalization, Sweatshops, Child Labor and Fair Trade

Required videoS

Stossel, John. 2003. "Sweatshops" Give me a Break! (ABC News) (Transcript).

Learn Liberty. 2011. " The Unbelievable Truth about Sweatshops (Ben Powell)."

Free to Choose Network. 2016. "Dead Wrong with Johan Norberg - Child Labor and Globalization." 

Learn Liberty. 2013. Combating Global Poverty with a Cup of Coffee (Colleen Haight) (July 16).

W. P. Carey School of Business (Arizona State University). 2010. "What is Supply Chain Management."

PhD Comics. 2013. How Coffee affects your Brain.

Financial Post staff. 2018. "How Canada's Controversial Dairy Supply Management System Works." Financial Post (June 20).

Global News. 2018. "While Ottawa is Fully Supportive of Canada's Supply Management System, Others Want to Get Rid of It. David Akin Explains Why." (August 23). 

Required readings

Free Trade Vs Fair Trade
-Traditional Arguments for Free Trade, revisited

Lemieux, Pierre. 2017. The Benefits of Trade. AIMS Policy Paper.

Mitchell, Dan. 2018. "No, Mr. President, Tariffs Are Not What Made America Great. America grew wealthy not because we had tariffs in place, but because we didn't have most other taxes and barriers." International Liberty (August 17).

Ridley, Matt. 2017 "Montequieu's 'Sweet Commerce" and Cobden's "God's Diplomacy." Rational Optimist (October 6).

Klein, Peter G. 2017. "Free trade vs "Free Trade." Mises Wire (January 23).

Rodrik, Dani. 2017. "It's Time to Think for Yourself on Free Trade. What economists and populists both get wrong about the international economy." Foreign Policy (January 27). 

Munger, Michael. 2015. " Comparative Advantage: An Idea Whose Time Has Passed." (December 28).

-Recent Trade Deals, Overview
DeLong, J. Bradford. 2017. "NAFTA and Other Trade Deals have not Gutted American Manufacturing - Period." Vox (January 24). 

Fair Trade
- Overview
--. 2006. "Voting with Your Trolley - Can you really change the world just by buying certain foods?" The Economist (December 7).

Vander Weyer, Martin. 2005. "Can Free Trade be Fair Trade?" New Statesman (February 28).

Booth, Philip and Linda Whetstone. 2007. "Half a Cheer for Fair Trade." Economics Affairs 27 (2): 29-36.

- Supporters

Tarnoff, Richard. 2004. "Fair Trade vs. Free Trade." Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (October).

Fair Trade Canada. 2011. "Response to Lawrence Solomon Article"

- Critics

Baobab. 2014. "Not so Fair Trade. Agriculture in Ethiopia and Uganda." The Economist (May 19). 

Chambers, Andrew. 2009. "Not so fair trade." The Guardian (December 12).

Minogue, Rossa. 2014. "It's Official: Fairtrade Screws over Labourers." Spiked! (May 30).

Rohac, Dalibor. 2011. "'Fair Trade' Is a Crock." New York Post (May 13).

Sidwell, Marc. 2008. Unfair Trade. Adam Smith Institute (Executive Summary).

Case study: Coffee
- Supporters

James, Deborah. 2000. "Justice and Java: Coffee in a Fair Trade Market." NACLA (Sept/Oct).

Singer, Peter. 2006. "Why pay more for fairness?"

- Critics

Claar, Victor V. and Colleen E. Haight. 2015. "Fair Trade Coffee: Correspondence." Journal of Economic Perspectives 29(1): 215-16.
Callahan, Gene. 2008. "Is Fair Trade a Fair Deal?" The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty 58 (2).

Haight, Colleen. 2011. "The Problem with Fair Trade Coffee." Stanford Social Innovation Review (May 18).

Case Study: Canada - Supply Management
Heminthavong, Khamla. 2015. In Brief: Canada's Supply Management System. Publication No. 2015-138-E. Parliamentary Information and Research Service. Ottawa: Library of Parliament.

Geloso, Vincent and Alexandre Moreau. 2016. "Supply Management is Literally Driving Tens of Thousands of Canadians into Poverty." National Post (August 31).

Bernier, Maxime. 2016-17 Leadership Race Platform: Phase Out Supply Management.

Coyne, Andrew. 2018. "We All Pay for Supply Management, but Bernier Pays the Political Price." National Post (June 13).

Fast, Ed. 2017. "Make it Clear, Prime Minister - Supply Management is Here to Stay." IPolitics (August 28).

Oxley, Alan and Dan Leroy. 2018. "End Supply Management like Aussies." The Western Producer (August 9).

Elton, Sarah and Rod MacRae. 2018. "Don't Let Supply Management Myths Spoil the Milk." The Globe & Mail (June 20).

Sweatshops and Child Labor
Bachman, Sarah. 2003. "The (Limited) Case for Boycott Threats, Boycotts, and Selective Purchasing." Ethics and Economics 1(1) (December).

Edmonds, Eric. 2003. "Should We Boycott Child Labor?" Ethics and Economics 1(1), December.

Powell, Benjamin. 2008. "In defense of 'Sweatshops'." Library of Economics and Liberty (June 02).

Follett, Chelsea. 2017. "Student Activists Hurt the Workers They Try to Help." Intercollegiate Review (Spring). 

Blattman, Christopher and Stefan Dercon. 2017. "Everything We Knew about Sweatshops was Wrong." New York Times (April 27). 

Tupy, Marian. 2018. "Growth is the Ultimate Weapon in the Fight to End Child Labour." CapX (November 13).

Suggested readings & links

Lecture 9 (Nov 13): Globalization and Culture

Required videoS

The Story of "Break on Through" by the Doors

L. Studio. 2009. Break It Down: Ray Manzarek (Supplemental clip: "The Story of 'Light My Fire' by The Doors")

Business Insider. 2015. "Animated Map Shows how Religion Spread around the World."

Biomimicry Institute. "What is Biomimicry?

Vox. 2017. "The World is Poorly Designed. But Copying Nature Helps." (Facebook link).

Ramsey, Franchesca. 2015. "The 7 Most Commonly Believed Myths About Cultural Appropriation - Busted." MTV Decoded (December 6). 

CBC. 2016. "Cultural Appropriation Vs Appreciation" (October 27).

Rebel Media. 2017. "UN Set to Outlaw "Cultural Appropriation." (June 14).

Required readings


- Concepts, History and Debates
“The Fate of National Cultures” on Global Transformations.

Davies, Stephen. "Our Economic Past ~ Trade and Diversity." The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty - May 2007, Vol. 57, No. 4.

Boudreaux, Don. 2010. "Free Trade and Globalization: More than 'Just Stuff'." Library of Economics and Liberty (November 1).

Ladage, Rutu. 2014. "The Heartbreaking Truth About Indian Foods That Are Not Indian at All." India Times (September 12).  

Richland, Justin. 2013. "Tribal Culture and Economic Growth." PERC Report 32 (2).

Sonnad, Nikhil. 2018. "Tea if by Sea, Cha if by Land: Why the World only has Two Words for Tea." Quartz (January 11).

BBC News. 2017. "Yoga: How Did It Conquer the World and What's Changed?" (June 22).

- The Cultural Appropriation Controversy
Cambridge Dictionary. "Cultural Appropriation."

Ratchford, Sarah. 2015. "Is Western Yoga Cultural Appropriation? Yes, but That Doesn't Mean White People Can't Practice It." Vice (November 25).

Mohan, Megha. 2017. "Are Food Bloggers Fuelling Racist Stereotypes?" BBC News (March 3).

Jaschik, Scott. 2017. "Dispute on Cultural Appropriation Leads to Assault Charges. Hampshire students accused of attacking Central Maine Community College students over braids in their hair." Inside Higher Education (March 20).

Brennan, Jason. 2016. "Halloween Is for Irish People Only; For Anyone Else, It's Racist Cultural Appropriation." Bleeding Heart Libertarian (October 29).

Zimmerman, Jonathan. 2017. "On 'Maybellene' and General Tso's Chicken." The Chronicle of Higher Education (March 28).

Estrada, Meera Solanki. 2017. "The Fine Line Between Cultural Appropriation And Appreciation." Huffington Post Canada (June 28).

Zushi, Yo. 2015. "In Defence of Cultural Appropriation." New Statesman (October 12).

Holdsworth, Candace. 2018. "What's so Bad about "Cultural Appropriation'?" Spiked! (March 16).

Kay, Jonathan. 2017. "Making a Stand for Cultural Universalism." Quillette (December 8).

Milke, Mark. 2018. "Another Name for Cultural Appropriation: Sharing." C2C Journal (June 15). 

Kling, Arnold. 2018. "Let's Celebrate Cultural Appropriation in Dance." Medium (February 9).

Johnson, Maisha. 2015. "What's Wrong with Cultural Appropriation? These 9 Answers Reveal Its Harm." Everyday Feminism (June 14). 

Suggested readings & links

Lecture 10 (Nov 20): Global Institutions and Foreign Aid

Required videoS

June Arunga on
- NGOs, African Business and Human Resource Diversion
- Western Attitudes Towards Business in Africa

Knopfdoubleday. "Nina Munk's The Idealist: Jeffrey Sachs and the Quest to End Poverty" (August 19, 2013).

CSPAN2. Book TV: "The Idealist: Jeffrey Sachs and the Quest to End Poverty by Nina Munk" (September-October 2013), 27:00 to 46:00.

Festival of Dangerous Ideas. 2012. "Jane Bussmann Interview 'Bono and Bob Get Out of Africa'."

Required readings

Foreign Aid
- Overview

Andrews, Fred. 2013. "A Surprising Case against Foreign Aid (Review of Angus Deaton's The Great Escape, Princeton University Press, 2013)." The New York Times (October 12).

Bhagwati, Jagdish. 2010. "Review of Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better." Foreigh Affairs (January/February).

Williamson, Claudia. 2009. "P.T. Bauer, Development Prophet." AidWatch (November 3).

Ferguson, Niall. 2007. "The Least Among Us." The New York Times (July 1st).

Rieff, David. 2010. "Bono Can't Save The World, Neither Can We." The New Republic (October 19).

Ridley, Matt. 2014. "The Tyranny of Experts." The Rational Optimist (March 21).

Theroux, Paul. 2013. "Africa's Aid Mess." Barron's (November 30).

Hobbes, Michael. 2014. "Stop Trying to Save the World. Big ideas are Destroying International Development." New Republic (November 17).

Mitchell, Dan. 2012. "American Politicians Should Learn Some Policy Lessons from Hong Kong and Singapore." International Liberty (May 19).

Murray, Iain. 2015. "World Bank Increases Number of Poor." CEI Blog (September 25).

Institute of Economic Affairs. 2016. The Economics of International Development. (Summary).

Duren, Tirzah. 2018. "Food Aid Feeds Conflict and Dependence. Spending more on aid is only a positive if current programs are working, which they are not." (February 5).

- Jeffrey Sachs and his (recent) critics
Sachs, Jeffrey D. 2013. "The End of Poverty, Soon." The New York Times (September 24).

Sachs, Jeffrey. 2014. "The Case for Aid." Foreign Policy (January 21).

Gates, Bill. 2014. "Why Jeffrey Sachs Matters." Project Syndicate (May 21).

Munk, Nina. 2013. "The Idealist: Jeffrey Sachs and the Quest to End Poverty (Book Excerpts)." Huffington Post.
- Part 1
- Part 2
- Part 3

Starobin, Paul. 2013. "Does It Take a Village." Foreign Policy (June 24).

Foster, Peter. 2013. "Jeffrey Sachs meets Hayek." National Post (September 18).

Handy, Bruce. 2013. "Nina Munk on Her New Book: Can 'Bono's Africa Guru' Jeffrey Sachs Truly End Poverty?" Vanity Fair (September 20).

Easterly, William. 2013. "The Big Aid Debate is Over." Reason (October 4).

Wanjala, Bernadette. 2016. "Can the Big Push Approach End Rural Poverty in Africa? Insights from Sauri Millennium Village in Kenya." PhD Thesis, Tilburg University (See also Clemens, Michael. 2011. "Kenyan Economist Offers First Independent Evaluation of Millennium Villages Project." Centre for Global Development (November 28).

-Highly recommended, but optional, podcast and links
Roberts, Russ. 2014. Econtalk 
"Nina Munk on Poverty, Development, and the Idealist" (January 27) 
"Jeffrey Sachs on the Millennium Villages Project" (March 17)
"Postmortem on Sachs Episode" (March 21) 

- Odious Debt
Probe International on Odious Debts

Suggested readings & links

Lecture 11 (Nov 27): Globalization and the Environment

Required readings

- Overview

Globalization and the Environment on Global Transformations

Gallagher, Kevin P. 2009. "Economic Globalization and the Environment." Annual Review of Environment and Resources 34: 279-304.

Tupy, Marian. 2017. "There's Nothing Green about Socialism." CapX (December 1).

Johnson, Stephen. 2018. "Scientists to U.N.: To stop climate change, modern capitalism needs to die." Big Think (August 29). 

Yeatman, William. 2018. "The Myth of the Environmental "Race to the Bottom. Debunking a highly influential regulatory theory." (February 10).

- Case Study: Synthetic Dyes, International Trade and the Environment

Morris, Peter J.T. and Anthony S. Travis. 1992. "A History of the International Dyestuff Industry." American Dyestuff Reporter 81 (11) (November).

Desrochers, Pierre. 2014. "A Colourful History of Progress: The development of synthetic dyes was a mini industrial revolution." Spiked! (November 18).

Suggested readings & links

Lecture 12 (DEC 4): Finance and Concluding Thoughts

Required videoS

Learn Liberty. 2012. "Why not Print More Money? (Antony Davies)

Learn Liberty. 2013. "How to Fight Global Poverty. (Stephen Davies)

Bill Whittle. 2017. "1. Money"

Boudreaux, Don. 2015. "An Orgy of Innovation." MR University: Everyday Economics.

TED Talks. 2010. Hans Rosling: The Magic Washing Machine

Jack Webb Dragnet - The Big Departure Speech (1968). 

Required readings

- Finance
The Global Economy - Finance on Global Transformations.

Das, Dilip. K. 2006. "Globalization in the World of Finance: An Analytical History." Global Economy Journal 6 (1) (Article 2).

Sumner, Scott. "Weak Currencies don't Cause Trade Surpluses." Library of Economics and Liberty (July 16). 

Carson, Byron. 2017. "When Hippies Used Snickers As Currency. Snickers Bars: The Money of Peace, Love, and Rainbows." (August 17).

White, Larry. 2017. "Why the "State Theory of Money" Doesn't Explain the Coinage of Precious Metals." Alt-M (August 24). 

- Concluding Thoughts
Jerven, Morton. 2015. "Misunderstanding Growth in Africa: How Economists get it Wrong." African Arguments (June 9).
Horwitz, Steven. 2013. "The Calling: In Defense of Complex, Global, Fast Living." Future of Freedom Foundation. 

Perry, Mark. 2014. "It's the Greatest Achievement in Human History, and One you Probably never Heard About." Carpe Diem Blog (AEI) (November 3). 

Hickel, Jason. 2014. "Exposing the Great 'Poverty Reduction' Lie. The UN claims that its Millennium Development Campaign has reduced poverty globally, but some measures show it is worse." Al Jazeera (August 21).

Roser, Max. 2017. "No Matter what Extreme Poverty Line you Choose, the Share of People Below that Poverty Line has Declined Globally." Our World in Data - Blog (April 5).

Oxfam International. 2017. "Just 8 Men Own Same wealth as Half the World." (January 16).

Lomborg, Bjψrn. 2017. "Oxfam's Upside Down Inequality Study." USA Today (January 17).

Suggested readings & links


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