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CRSA/ACSR

 

University of Toronto Mississauga • Department of Geography • FALL 2014

GGR 419H5: Geography of Food: Geographical Patterns and Environmental Impacts

 

 Instructor: Pierre Desrochers

 

 Lectures: Monday, 3-5PM

 

 Phone: (905) 828-5206

 Office: Davis Building, room 3273

 

 Lecture room: DV 1147UTM

 

 E-mail: pierre.desrochers@utoronto.ca

 

DIRECT LINKS


>
Course Description
>
Course Objectives
>
Assignments
> Readings
>
Contacting the Instructor
> Field Assignment and Term Paper
> Department of Geography Late Assignment/Missed Test Policy
> Equity Statement and Academic Rights
>
Expectations/Classroom Behaviour/Behaviour in the Academic Setting
> Academic Integrity/Honesty or Academic Offenses
> Accessibility
> Accommodations for Religious Observances
> Note
>
Lecture Schedule
> Suggested Readings


>
Week 1 (September 8): Introduction
> Week 2 (September 15): The Global and Canadian Pictures
> Week 3 (September 22): Traditional Agriculture
> Week 4 (September 29): Modern Farming and the Green Revolution
> Week 5 (October 6): Critics of Agri-Business
> Week 6 (October 13): Thanksgiving - No Class
> Week 7 (October 20): Defenders of Agri-Business
> Week 8 (October 27): Agriculture and the Environment
> Week 9 (November 3): Food Security
> Week 10 (November 10): Locavorism I
> Week 11 (November 17): Locavorism II
> Week 12 (November 24): To Liberalize or Not? I
> Week 13 (December 1): To Liberalize or Not? II
 

 

Course Description

This seminar course examines the geographic patterns and environmental impacts of our food production and distribution system. Topics include the sustainability of the current system, as well as alternatives to the norm. The geographic focus is Southern Ontario. Topics such as food miles, urban agriculture, and small scale production systems are also evaluated. This course fulfills one field day.

COURSE OBJECTIVES

The course has five main objectives:


1. Identify global geographical patterns and methods of food production;
2. Explore the environmental impacts of modern and alternative food systems;
3. To improve your ability to critically analyze and write clearly on a number of issues;
4. To familiarize yourself with the basic terminology with which professionals in relevant disciplines communicate their work and their research findings;
5. To apply a wide range of academic skills in writing a critical piece of policy analysis.
 

Course Assignments

Weekly readings: Students are expected to do the required readings before each class meeting. Prior to class and for at least six (6) lectures, students should have prepared a single page commentary on the assigned readings. These are not meant to be summaries, but rather should focus on the main arguments being made and how they relate to other readings assigned that week or previously. They will have to be handed to the instructor prior to the beginning of the class and will be returned by the instructor the following week.

Grade: Students must submit a 1-2 page proposal (5% - due by the beginning of week 4) and complete a 15-20 page term paper or book review on a topic related to the broad theme of the course (40%). The single page commentaries (30%: 6 X 5%), class participation (15%) and experiential learning assignment (10%) will make up the remainder of the grade.

Field Assignments and Term Paper: The field assignment is due on October 20 and the term paper on December 4 (see instructions below).
 

Readings

All readings for this course are freely available to U of T's students through the course Website.

Most of the suggested readings are freely accessible from anywhere. Some of them, however, may require you to use a UofT terminal or user code.

Contacting the instructor

You can contact me at pierre.desrochers@utoronto.ca. Formal office hours are Monday 1-3PM.

Please read the course syllabus before e-mailing a question or expect a one line answer telling you to look it up if the answer is already there.

Always use your University of Toronto e-mail address (@utoronto.ca) for all course-related communications. E-mails from other domains (e.g., hotmail, Rogers, gmail, yahoo, etc.) may be filtered as spam and will at any rate be ignored. Always include the course code (e.g., 489H5S) as part of your subject line, along with your full name and student number in the body of the e-mail. E-mails will be answered during office hours as promptly as possible. Please note that I do not open attachments and will not answer during week-ends.

The first person that you should e-mail concerning department- or program-related queries or to submit documentation regarding a missed assignment, quiz, or test is the Academic Counsellor for Geography/Environment, Sabrina Ferrari (sabrina.ferrari@utoronto.ca).

E-mail should NOT be viewed as an alternative to meeting with the TA or professor during office hours. Nor should e-mail be used as a mechanism to receive private tutorials (especially prior to tests) or to explain material that was covered in missed lectures. Not receiving replies to e-mails from the TA or professor, or not receiving them in time, will not be an acceptable excuse for pleas for extensions to assignment or exam deadlines.

Students are advised to consult www.enough.utoronto.ca for information on university policy concerning the appropriate use of information and communication technology.

© PhD Comics
 

Field Assignment and Term Paper

Field Assignment
The field assignment is due at the beginning of class on October 20. Here are the instructions and worksheet.

Term Paper
Students will be asked to write a 15 page essay on a topic of their choice approved by the instructor. Team work is allowed. These assignments will be discussed in class. Papers should follow one of the Standard Documentation Formats.

The papers are due by December 4, 5 PM. There will be a drop-off box in front of Room Davis 3283.

Here are the detailed instructions to write your proposal and essay.

Late Assignment (Term Paper) Policy
The deadline for your term paper is 5PM on the last day of class for the semester. Late assignments will be subject to an immediate late penalty of 25% of the total marks for the assignment and 10% per day afterwards. Assignments submitted after 5PM on Tuesday December 9 will be assigned a grade of zero. No exception will be made to this policy for medical (excluding pre-existing conditions and treatments) or other reasons (such as hardware failure, sickness or death of a relative, car problems, job interviews, etc.). You have all semester to write your term paper and should prepare for the unexpected.

On the Art of Writing a Term Paper
Writing www.writing.utoronto.ca and Advice on Academic Writing www.writing.utoronto.ca/advice at the University of Toronto.

Some additional advice from Professor Daniel Drezner (On writing a paper / On researching a paper) and Professor Steven Horwitz (Guide to Writing Formal Academic Papers).

Other useful links: UTM Library / Robert Gillespie Academic Skills Centre.

Your choice of topic must be approved by the instructor through e-mail before turning in your proposal.

Please note that you do not need to submit your proposal or the appendixes of your term paper through turnitin.com.


Normally, students will be required to submit their course essays to Turnitin.com for a review of textual similarity and detection of possible plagiarism. In doing so, students will allow their essays to be included as source documents in the Turnitin.com reference database, where they will be used solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. The terms that apply to the University's use of the Turnitin.com service are described on the Turnitin.com web site. > Full legal statement

Students are permitted, under our conditions of use, to opt-out of using Turnitin. If a student chooses not to submit an assignment through Turnitin, the instructor will need to find alternative arrangements to check their work as rigorously. Students will not be penalized for choosing to opt out, but they will be asked to have a short meeting with the instructor and be asked questions about their research methodology and work.

You are required to submit a hard copy of the assignment as instructed in the syllabus for the TAs to grade and annotate Electronic copies will be submitted by students through Turnitin.

> Basic steps for setting up your Turnitin account and submitting papers

Turnitin.com course ID [8275402]. The password will be given through Blackboard.

Note Concerning Turnitin (This is only required if you plan to have students submit work to Turnitin.com, and you must offer students alternative submission options):

Normally, students will be required to submit written assignments to Turnitin.com for a review of textual similarity and detection of possible plagiarism. In doing so, students will allow their assignments to be included as source documents in the Turnitin.com reference database, where they will be used solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. The terms that apply to the University's use of the Turnitin.com service are described on the Turnitin.com web site (www.Turnitin.com). If you have an objection to the use of Turnitin for the submission of your work, please make an appointment to speak personally with the Course Instructor to discuss alternative arrangements. A guide for students is available from the University of Toronto's Office of Teaching Advancement, at: www.utoronto.ca/ota/turnitin/TurnitinGuideForStudents.pdf. This information will also be made available on the course Blackboard site.
 

Please note that submitting your paper through Turnitin.com or making alternative arrangements before the deadline with your professor is not optional. Failure to do so will result in a grade of 0 for your term paper. Failure to submit your paper on turnitin.com before the deadline will result in the same late penalty as if you had not submitted your hard copy.

 

Department of Geography Late assignment/Missed Test Policy

This is the departmental policy for late assignments and missed tests. Please note that the penalty related to your proposal is different. In this particular case, I apply my own policy as specified on the syllabus.

I
n-class or Online QUIZ/TESTS: Students CANNOT petition to re-write a quiz/test once the test has begun. If you are feeling ill, please do not start the online or in-class test and seek medical attention immediately. You must have a physician fill out a U of T Student Medical Certificate and submit a request via the online Special Consideration Request form @ https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest within 24 hours.

Online Submissions for Term Work: It is every student’s responsibility to ensure that their online submission is submitted successfully by the due date. Accommodations will not be made for unsuccessful submissions due to, but not limited to, i) the system timing out ii) submitting the incorrect document(s) iii) poor internet connection / no internet connection etc.

Missed Term Work (Assignment/Lab - as per Department of Geography policy):
Late assignments will be subject to a late penalty of 10% per day (including weekends) of the total marks for the assignment. Assignments submitted five calendar days beyond the due date will be assigned a grade of zero.

Academic accommodation can be made when an assignment is late. For accommodations on late/missed assignments please see section on "Extension of Time".

Missed Term Work (Quiz/Test - as per Department of Geography policy):
In courses with final exams, there will be no re-writes or make-ups for term tests/quizzes missed for University-accepted, verifiable reasons. Instead, the final exam will be re-weighted by the value of the term test/quiz.

Requesting Academic Accommodation using the Online Special Consideration Request Application: In Geography and Environment courses, professors cannot grant extensions on term work or allow makeups for missed items. If you ask for and receive an extension or a makeup date directly from a professor, without following the appropriate steps as outlined in this document, it will be invalid and may be revoked at any time by the departmental petitions committee.

Informing Your Professor and Submitting Appropriate Documentation:
The following steps must be completed in order to be considered for academic accommodation for any course work such as missed tests or late assignments:

1. Students must inform their professor in writing (e-mail is acceptable) within 24 hours of a test date/assignment due date of any circumstances that prevent them from writing a test or submitting an assignment on time.
2. Students must complete an online Special Consideration Request @ https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest. Students who miss a test due to circumstances beyond their control (e.g. illness or an accident) can request that the Department grant them special consideration. You must inform your instructor within 24 hours and you have up to one (1) week from the date of the missed test to submit your online request (late requests will NOT be considered without a "letter of explanation" as to why the request is late). You must present your case to the Department (not the Instructor). Note: The system only supports Microsoft Internet Explorer and Firefox for the time being.
3. Original supporting documentation (e.g. Verification of Student Illness or Injury form, accident report, etc) MUST BE SUBMITTED to the DROP BOX (labeled "Environment and Geography Petition Documentation") located outside Room 3282, Davis Building. Supporting documentation is required within 48 hours of submitting your online request.
Please Note: If you missed your test for a reason connected to your registered disability, please be advised that the department will accept documentation supplied by the UTM AccessAbility Resource Centre.
Note: (i) ROSI declarations are not accepted as supporting documentation.
(ii) If your reason for absence is due to a last minute flight due to a family emergency (illness/death etc.) you must provide your flight itinerary INCLUDING the date the flight was purchased as well as boarding passes in addition to proof of death/illness/accident.
4. Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms MUST include the statement "This Student was unable to write the test on date(s) for medical reasons". Documentation MUST show that the physician was consulted within ONE day of the test date. A statement merely confirming a report of illness made by the student is NOT acceptable (such as, "This patient tells me that he was feeling ill on that day."). Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms can be found on the Office of the Registrar's webpage (http://www.illnessverification.utoronto.ca/getattachment/index/Verification-of-Illness-or-Injury-form-Jan-22-2013.pdf.aspx).

Please complete the following:
- Special request link: https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest
- Verification of Illness form: http://www.illnessverification.utoronto.ca/

Please note that the written explanation and documentation that you submit represents an appeal from you, requesting the opportunity to account for that portion of your grade in some other manner. If an appeal is not received, or if the appeal is deemed unacceptable, you will receive a grade of zero for the item you missed. If the appeal is granted - that is, your reason for missing the item is considered acceptable by the committee - then a mechanism for accounting for the grade value of the missed item will be discussed.

A Departmental committee evaluates each request. Decisions will be communicated by email within two weeks of receipt of all completed documents. Note: It is your responsibility to ensure your email account is working and able to receive emails. Claims that a Departmental decision was not received will NOT be considered as a reason for further consideration. Contact Sabrina Ferrari (sabrina.ferrari@utoronto.ca) Academic Counselor, should you NOT receive notification of your decision within 2 weeks of submission.

Note that holidays and pre-purchased plane tickets, family plans, your friend's wedding, lack of preparation, or too many other tests are not acceptable excuses for missing a quiz, a test, or an item of term work.

Extension of Time
Students are expected to back up their work at all times. As such, extension requests due to computer issues (stolen, crashed, damaged etc.) will not be considered. The following steps must be completed in order to be considered for academic accommodation for any assignment extensions. Assignments handed in AFTER the work has been returned to the class cannot be marked for credit.

1. Students must inform their professor in writing (e-mail is acceptable) IN ADVANCE of an assignment due date of any circumstances that prevent them from submitting their assignment on time.
2. Students must complete an online Special Consideration Request @ https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest IN ADVANCE of the assignment due date. Note: The system only supports Microsoft Internet Explorer and Firefox for the time being.
3. Original supporting documentation (e.g. Verification of Student Illness or Injury form, accident report, etc) MUST BE SUBMITTED to the DROP BOX (labeled "Environment and Geography Petition Documentation") located outside Room 3282, Davis Building. Supporting documentation is required within one (1) week of submitting your online request.
4. Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms: Documentation MUST show that the physician was consulted within ONE day of the assignment due date. A statement merely confirming a report of illness made by the student is NOT acceptable (such as, "This patient tells me that he was feeling ill on that day."). Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms can be found on the Office of the Registrar's webpage (http://www.illnessverification.utoronto.ca/getattachment/index/Verification-of-Illness-or-Injury-form-Jan-22-2013.pdf.aspx).

Original supporting documentation (e.g. Verification of Student Illness or Injury form, accident report, etc) MUST BE SUBMITTED to the DROP BOX (labeled "Environment and Geography Petition Documentation") located outside Room 3282, Davis Building. Note: ROSI declarations are not accepted as supporting documentation. You are expected to submit your request to the Department before the due date of the assignment, unless demonstrably serious reasons prevent you from doing so. In the event of an illness, if you are seeking a one-day extension, Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms must confirm that you were ill on the due date of the assignment; if you are requesting a longer extension, your documentation must specify exactly the length of the period during which you were unable to carry out your academic work. For extensions of time beyond the examination period you must submit a petition through the Office of the Registrar. http://www.erin.utoronto.ca/index.php?id=6988

A Departmental committee evaluates each request for an extension of time. Decisions will be communicated by email within two weeks of receipt of all completed documents. Please note that students are required to submit their assignment/lab as soon as they are able and they should NOT wait for the decision of the committee. Note: It is your responsibility to ensure your email account is working and able to receive emails. Claims that a Departmental decision was not received will NOT be considered as a reason for further consideration. Contact Sabrina Ferrari (sabrina.ferrari@utoronto.ca) Academic Counsellor, should you NOT receive notification of your decision within 2 weeks of submission.

It is your responsibility to follow the appropriate procedures and submit requests for special consideration on time. Failure to do so may result in the committee denying your request.
Should you require further information regarding Special Considerations, please contact the Academic Counselor, Sabrina Ferrari
Undergraduate Academic Counselor
Room 3282, Davis Building, Telephone: 905-828-5465
email: sabrina.ferrari@utoronto.ca

Equity Statement and Academic Rights

The University of Toronto is committed to equity and respect for diversity. All members of the learning environment in this course should strive to create an atmosphere of mutual respect. As a course instructor, I will neither condone nor tolerate behaviour that undermines the dignity or self-esteem of any individual in this course and wish to be alerted to any attempt to create an intimidating or hostile environment. It is our collective responsibility to create a space that is inclusive and welcomes discussion. Discrimination, harassment and hate speech will not be tolerated. If you have any questions, comments, or concerns you may contact the UTM Equity and Diversity officer at edo.utm@utoronto.ca or the University of Toronto Mississauga Students' Union Vice President Equity at vpequity@utmsu.ca.

Academic Rights

You, as a student at UTM, have the right to:
- Receive a syllabus by the first day of class.
- Rely upon a syllabus once a course is started. An instructor may only change marks' assignments by following the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy provision 1.3.
- Refuse to use turnitin.com (you must be offered an alternative form of submission).
- Have access to your instructor for consultation during a course or follow up with the department chair if the instructor is unavailable.
- Ask the person who marked your term work for a re-evaluation if you feel it was not fairly graded. You have up to one month from the date of return of the item to inquire about the mark. If you are not satisfied with a re-evaluation, you may appeal to the instructor in charge of the course if the instructor did not mark the work. If your work is remarked, you must accept the resulting mark. You may only appeal a mark beyond the instructor if the term work was worth at least 20% of the course mark.
- Receive at least one significant mark (15% for H courses, 25% for Y courses) before the last day you can drop a course for H courses, and the last day of classes in the first week of January for Y courses taught in the Fall/Winter terms.
- Submit handwritten essays so long as they are neatly written.
- Have no assignment worth 100% of your final grade.
- Not have a term test worth 25% or more in the last two weeks of class.
- Retain intellectual property rights to your research.
- Receive all your assignments once graded.
- View your final exams. To see a final exam, you must submit an online Exam Reproduction Request within 6 months of the exam. There is a small non-refundable fee.
- Privacy of your final grades.
- Arrange for representation from Downtown Legal Services (DLS), a representative from the UTM Students' Union (UTMSU), and/or other forms of support if you are charged with an academic offence.

Expectations/Classroom Behaviour/Behaviour in the Academic Setting

Our expectation of you is that you will show respect to the Course Instructor, TAs, other faculty, staff, and fellow students. This includes arriving on time and staying for the entire class (so you don't disturb others by your late entry or early departure); listening quietly (so you don't disturb others by your chatting or online activities); approaching your course work with an open, honest spirit and enthusiasm; and otherwise adhering to the Code.

In turn, you can expect the Course Instructor, staff, and TAs to show respect to you and your fellow students; to deliver the best course that they possibly can; to communicate their enthusiasm for the material; to maintain fairness in all aspects of course delivery and assessment; and otherwise to adhere to the University's Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters.

Academic Integrity/Honesty or Academic Offenses

It is your responsibility as a student at the University of Toronto to familiarize yourself with, and adhere to, both the Code of Student Conduct and the Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters.

This means, first and foremost, that you should read them carefully.

  • The Code of Student Conduct is available from the U of T Mississauga website (Registrar > Academic Calendar > Codes and Policies) or in your print version of the Academic Calendar.

  • The Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters is available from the U of T Mississauga website (Registrar > Academic Calendar > Codes and Policies) or in your print version of the Academic Calendar.

Another helpful document that you should read is How Not to Plagiarize, by M. Procter.

Further Thoughts on Academic Honesty:
The Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters states that:

"The University and its members have a responsibility to ensure that a climate that might encourage, or conditions that might enable, cheating, misrepresentation or unfairness not be tolerated. To this end all must acknowledge that seeking credit or other advantages by fraud or misrepresentation, or seeking to disadvantage others by disruptive behaviour is unacceptable, as is any dishonesty or unfairness in dealing with the work or record of a student." ―University of Toronto Mississauga Academic Calendar

This summarizes what we are all trying to achieve through the implementation of this Code―both students and faculty. We are trying―together―to create an atmosphere of fairness and honesty, in which people can learn and receive appropriate credit for work that they have done. Note that the Code refers specifically to expectations for faculty members, not just for students. It is my responsibility, as a member of the faculty of the University of Toronto, to be familiar with these expectations and adhere to them. There are many additional academic requirements that we are expected to meet with regard to the integrity of course materials, returning of marked work to students, maintenance of student privacy, fairness, grading practices, and others. My TAs and I will make every possible effort to meet these expectations.
 

Accessibility

U of T Mississauga and the AccessAbility Resource Centre are committed to the full participation of students with disabilities in all aspects of campus life. The AccessAbility Resource Centre provides academic accommodations and services to students who have a physical, sensory, or learning disability, mental health condition, acquired brain injury, or chronic health condition, be it visible or hidden. Students who have temporary disabilities (e.g., broken dominant arm) are also eligible to receive services. All interested students must have an intake interview with an advisor to discuss their individual needs.

Students who require accommodation are advised to visit the AccessAbility Resource Centre as early as possible to have their needs assessed, as it may take some time to process the application.

For more information please contact the centre at:
Room 2047, South Bldg.
Tel/TTY: 905-569-4699
E-mail: access.utm@utoronto.ca
Web: www.utm.utoronto.ca/accessability/

Accommodations for Religious Observances

As noted in the the Policy on Scheduling of Classes and Examinations and Other Accommodations for Religious Observances, the following provisions are included:

"It is the policy of the University of Toronto to arrange reasonable accommodation of the needs of students who observe religious holy days other than those already accommodated by ordinary scheduling and statutory holidays.
Students have a responsibility to alert members of the teaching staff in a timely fashion to upcoming religious observances and anticipated absences. Instructors will make every reasonable effort to avoid scheduling tests, examinations or other compulsory activities at these times. If compulsory activities are unavoidable, every reasonable opportunity should be given to these students to make up work that they miss, particularly in courses involving laboratory work. When the scheduling of tests or examinations cannot be avoided, students should be informed of the procedure to be followed to arrange to write at an alternate time.

It is most important that no student be seriously disadvantaged because of her or his religious observances. However, in the scheduling of academic and other activities, it is also important to ensure that the accommodation of one group does not seriously disadvantage other groups within the University community."

With respect to minimum advance notice, the Policy provides that "Students have a responsibility to alert members of the teaching staff in a timely fashion to upcoming religious observances and anticipated absences." Since students would normally be aware of upcoming religious observances as well as examination schedules in advance, a minimum of three weeks advance notice will be considered sufficient.

More information and some dates of potential relevance for the U of T community are available at www.viceprovoststudents.utoronto.ca/publicationsandpolicies/guidelines/religiousobservances.htm.

As with any academic accommodation request, students must submit an on-line Special Consideration Request @ https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest.

Note

Some of the topics covered in this seminar are discussed in either more breath or depth in some of my other courses. You might want to check them out.

Lecture Schedule

Week 1 (September 8): Introduction
Week 2 (September 15): The Global and Canadian Pictures
Week 3 (September 22): Traditional Agriculture
Week 4 (September 29): Modern Farming and the Green Revolution (Deadline for proposal)
Week 5 (October 6): Critics of Agri-Business
Week 6 (October 13): Thanksgiving - No Class
Week 7 (October 20): Defenders of Agri-Business
Week 8 (October 27): Agriculture and the Environment
Week 9 (November 3): Food Security
Week 10 (November 10): Locavorism I
Week 11 (November 17): Locavorism II
Week 12 (November 24): To Liberalize or Not? I
Week 13 (December 1): To Liberalize or Not? II
 

Week 1 (September 8): Introduction

VIDEOs (Will be watched in class)

 


Penn & Teller. 2003. "Eat This!" BS (Episode 11)

Fresco, Louise. 2009. "Feeding the World. The Case for White Bread." Ted Talk (February 3)

Iowa Public Television. 2010. "Pollan and Hurst Debate the Future of Agriculture." Market to Market (July 16) 

Mandatory readings
 

- Issues and Facts
Foley, Jon. 2014. "Feeding the World." National Geographic Magazine (May).

Starling, Shane. 2014. "World's Most Obese Nation? Kuwait (and the Next Four are Middle Eastern)" Food Navigator (November 3). 

- Controversies and Debates
Dubner, Stephen. 2013. "Freakonomics: Can the McDouble Save Humanity?" NPR Marketplace (July 3) (and listen to the audio).

Gongloff, Mark. 2013. "No, The McDonald's McDouble is not the 'Greatest Food in Human History.'" Huffington Post (July 30).

Anonymous. 2014. "Changing Global Diets is Vital to Reducing Climate Change." University of Cambridge Research (Sept 1).

Twilley, Nicola. 2014. "What Do Chinese Dumplings have to do with Global Warming?" The New York Times Magazine (July 25).

People's Food Policy Project. 2011. Resetting the Table: A People's Food Policy for Canada (Executive Summary).

Hurst, Blake. 2009. "The Omnivore's Delusion: Against the Agri-Intellectuals." The American (July 30).

Hurst, Blake. 2015. "American farmers as peasants? Really?" Agri-Pulse.

Laudan, Rachel. 2001. "A Plea for Culinary Modernism: Why We Should Love New, Fast, Processed Food." Gastronomica (February): 36-44.

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 2 (September 15): The Global and Canadian Pictures

VIDEO (Will be watched in class)

 


British Pathé. 1918. Dear Food Protest AKA Protest against High Food Costs (1914-1918)

Mandatory readings
 

Godfray, H. et al. 2010. "The Future of the Global Food System." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 365 (1554): 2769-2777

Smil, Vaclav. 2014. "Hoping for China's Success." The American (March 28)

Byerlee, Derek and Klaus Deininger. 2013. "Growing Resource Scarcity and Global Farmland Investment." Annual Review of Resource Economics 5: 13-34

Martin, Larry and Kate Stiefelmeyer. 2011. Canadian Agriculture and Food: A Growing Hunger for Change. MacDonald-Laurier Institute (Hunger for Change Series) (October)

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 3 (September 22): Traditional Agriculture

VIDEOs (Will be watched in class)

 


Lancaster University. 2013. Slash and Burn (Part 1: Why Amazonian farmers use fire)

UNDP 2012. "From 'Slash and Burn' to Sustainability: Farming Communities in North-eastern India Improve Soil Fertility and Earn Higher Incomes" One Day on Earth (December 12)

Mandatory readings
 

-Characterization
Genetic Literacy Project. 2014. "How Your Food would look like if Not Genetically Modified Over the Millenia?"

--. 2002. "Heritage Agricultural Systems." FAO Spotlight.

Tierney, John. 2011. "Fresh and Direct from the Garden an Ocean Away." The New York Times (August 29)

-Problems
The Pirbright Institute. 2014. "Disease Facts - Rinderpest"

Osborn, Fairfield. 1948. Our Plundered Planet. Boston: Little, Brown and Company (pp. 48-56)

Cormac Ó Gráda, Cormac. 2009. Famine: A Short History. Princeton University Press, Chapter 1.

-Sustainability debate
Leahy, Stephen. 2012. "Traditional Slash and Burn Agriculture Sustainable Solution to Climate Change." National Geographic News Watch (April 12)

Tainter, Joseph A. 2006. "Archaeology of Overshoot and Collapse." Annual Review of Anthropology 35: 59-74.

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 4 (September 29): Modern Farming and the Green Revolution

VIDEO (Will be watched in class)

Proposal due


Courter Films and Associates. 2009. Freedom from Famine: The Norman Borlaug Story

Mandatory readings

 


Reardon, Thomas and C. Peter. Timmer. 2012. "The Economics of the Food System Revolution." Annual Review of Resource Economics 4: 225-264.

KPMG. 2013. The Agricultural and Food Value Chain - Entering a New Era of Cooperation. KPMG International.

Perkins, John. 2010. "Green Revolution." In Cutler J. Cleveland (ed.) Encyclopedia of the Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment.

Patel, Raj. 2014. "How to Be Curious about the Green Revolution."

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 5 (October 6): Critics of Agri-Business

VIDEOs (Will be watched in class)

 


Moyers and Company. 2012. "Vandana Shiva on Seeds of Humanity." (July 11). 

Time Magazine. 2010. "Interviews: Michael Pollan." (January 23).

Mandatory readings

 

Haynes, Michaela. 2014. "Organic Farming." In Cutler J. Cleveland (ed.). Encyclopedia of the Earth.

Shiva, Vandana. 1991. "The Green Revolution in the Punjab." The Ecologist 21 (2).

Philpott, Tom. 2011. "Book Review: Why the "Green Revolution" Was Not So Green After All." Mother Jones (August 5).

Pollan, Michael. 2008. "Farmer in Chief." The New York Times Magazine (October 9).

Lang, Tim and David Barling. 2012. "Food Security and Food Sustainability: Reformulating the Debate." Geographical Journal 178 (4): 313-326.

Schumacher Center for a New Economics. 2015. Schumacher Center for a New Economics Cuban Sustainable Food System Delegation, October 27-November 2, 2014.

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 6 (October 13): Thanksgiving - No lecture


Week 7 (October 20): Defenders of Agri-Business

VIDEOs (Will be watched in class)

 


ChrisChinn. 2012. "About." Food Dialogues (November 15).

Admin. 2014. "Fewer Pesticides and Antioxidants on Organic Crops: So What?" ACSH News (July 14).

Mandatory readings

 

- Against Pastoral Nostalgia

Fresco, Louise O. 2011. "Michael Pollan's Misguided Food Nostalgia." Zester Daily (February 21).

Paarlberg, Robert. 2010 "Attention Whole Food Shoppers." Foreign Policy (May-June).

Santhosh, Lakshmi. 2014. "What happens when Big Data meets Big Ag?" Genetic Literacy Project (December 17). 

- Green Revolution

Hazell, Peter. 2002. The Green Revolution: Curse or Blessing? International Food Policy Research Institute.

Orr, Alastair. 2012. "Why Were So Many Social Scientists Wrong about the Green Revolution? Learning from Bangladesh." Journal of Development Studies 48 (11): 1565-1586.

- Crop Protection Products and Food Safety

Nelson, Douglas, and Alexander Rinkus. 2011. "The Hi-Tech Agriculture Imperative." The American Magazine (November 8).

Kruger, Claire L. 2014. "How Safe is our Food Supply?" Spherix Consulting.

- Organic Food

Hurst, Blake. 2012. "Organic Illusions." The American (October 1).

Savage, Steve. 2014. "Spending More For Organic Does Not Buy You Pesticide-Free." Science 2.0 (May 12).

Ropelk, David. 2014. "Golden Rice Opponents Should Be Held Accountable for Health Problems Linked to Vitamin A Deficiency." Scientific American (Guest Blog) (March 15).

Kloor, Keith. 2014. "The GMO Suicide Myth." Issues in Science and Technology (Winter): 65-70.

Bendzela, Mike. 2013. "Why I'm Through with Organic Farming." Random Rationality (May 17).

- Externalities

Lusk, Jayson. 2013. "Lunch with Pigou: Externalities and the 'Hidden' Cost of Food." Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 42 (3): 419-435.

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 8 (October 27): Agriculture and the Environment

Mandatory readings
 

Bailey, Ronald. 2011. "The Myth of Pristine Nature (Review of Emma Marris' Rambunctious Garden: Saving Nature in a Post-Wild World)." Reason Foundation (August 16).

Williams, Michael. 2008. "A New Look at Global Forest Histories of Land Clearing." Annual Review of Environment and Resources 33: 345-367.

Fisher, Jon. 2014. "Agriculture Trends: Are We Actually Using Less Land?" Cool Green Science (Nature Conservancy), June 18.

Fischer, Joern et al. 2014. "Land Sparing Versus Land Sharing: Moving Forward." Conservation Letters 7 (3): 149-157.

Vermeulen, Sonja et al. 2012. "Climate Change and Food Systems." Annual Review of Environment and Resources 37: 195-222.

Bailey, Ronald. 2014. "Can We Save Nature by Making It Economically Useless?" Reason (November 10).

CAST. 2013. Animal Feed vs. Human Food: Challenges and Opportunities in Sustaining Animal Agriculture Toward 2050. CAST Issue Paper#53. 

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 9 (November 3): Food Security

VIDEOs (Will be watched in class)

 

WTO. 2009. What is the role of the multilateral trading system on world food prices? WTO Forum.

WTO. 2009. The Global Food Crisis: What is the Role of Trade? WTO Forum.

Mandatory readings
 

Strange, Richard N. and Peter R. Scott. 2005. "Plant Disease: A Threat to Global Food Security." Annual Review of Phytopathology 43: 83-116.

Bailey, Ronald. 2014. "Famine No More: The World of Plenty Lies Ahead." Reason.com (July 18).

Grote, Ulrike. 2014. "Can we Improve Global Food Security? A Socio-economic and Political Perspective." Food Security 6 (2): 187-200.

Tansey, Geoff. 2013. "Food and Thriving People: Paradigm Shifts for Fair and Sustainable Food Systems." Food and Energy 2 (1): 1-11.

Desrochers, Pierre and Hiroko Shimizu. 2012. "Liberated from Gruel and Mush." Spiked! (August 23).

Shafer, Jack. 2009. "The Water-War Myth." Slate (April 2).

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 10 (November 10): Locavorism

VIDEO (Will be watched in class)

 


The Globe and Mail. 2013. "Video: Rooftop Parking Lot Transformed into 'Vertical Farm.'" Inside Job (January 24).

Mandatory readings
 

Hill, Holly. 2008. "Food Miles: Background and Marketing." ATTRA-NCAT.

Heynen, Nik, Hilda E. Kurtz and Amy Trauger. 2012. "Food Justice, Hunger and the City." Geography Compass 6 (5): 304-311.

Hergesheimer, Chris and Emily Huddart Kennedy. 2010. Farmers Markets, Local Food Systems and the Social Economy: A Thematic Literature Review. Balta.

Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA). 2012. Setting the Table for Local Food in Ontario
- Bringing Home More Local Food: McGuinty Government Consulting on the Good Things that Grow in Ontario (June 9)
- McGuinty Government Planning to Introduce Local Food Act (September 12).

Toronto Food Policy Council
- GrowTO Action Plan

CBC News. 2014. "Parking Lot Greenhouse goes Bankrupt in Vancouver. Alterrus Opened North America's First 'Vertical Farm' just over One Year Ago." CBC News British Columbia (January 24).

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 11 (November 17): Locavorism II

VIDEO (Will be watched in class)

 


Joel Salatin on local food distribution (from out-of-town software and early morning deliveries to problems with farmers markets). [We will watch from the beginning to about 9:00]

Mandatory readings
 

Desrochers, Pierre and Hiroko Shimizu. 2008. "Yes We Have No Bananas: A Critique of the Food Mile Perspective." Mercatus Policy Series, Policy Primer No. 8.

Edwards-Jones, Gareth. 2010. "Does Eating Local Food Reduce the Environmental Impact of Food Production and Enhance Consumer Health?" Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 69 (4): 582-591.

Lusk, Jayson L. and F. Bailey Norwood. 2011. "The Locavore's Dilemma: Why Pineapples Shouldn't Be Grown in North Dakota." Library of Economics and Liberty (January 3).

Werth, Christopher. 2012. "India Battles Malnutrition with Local Product." PRI's The World (September 24).

Mann, Susan. 2011. "Consumers Want Local Foods but are Reluctant to Pay More: Survey." AgMedia Inc (July 12).

Kinney, Allison. 2014. "Lessons from a 'Local' Food Scam Artist." Narratively (September 22).

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 12 (November 24): To Liberalize or Not? I

Videos (Will be watched in class)
 

Learn Liberty. 2013. "How Food Regulations Make Us Less Healthy" (July 23).

Learn Liberty. 2012. "Why is There Corn in your Coke?" (November 20).

Mandatory readings
 

- Trade Negotiations

Laborde, David and Will Martin. 2012. "Agricultural Trade: What Matters in the Doha Round?" Annual Review of Resource Economics 4: 265-283.

Payton, Laura. 2013. "CETA: Canada-EU free trade deal lauded by Harper, Barroso." The Globe and Mail (October 18).

CBC News. 2013. "Quebec Cheese Makers Furious over Euro Trade Deal." (October 16).

Hong, Paul. 2014. "This Has Been a Good Week For Stephen Harper and Canada's Trade." Huffington Post (September 28).

- Food Sovereignty

Ayres, Jeffrey and Michael J. Bosia. 2011. "Beyond Global Summitry: Food Sovereignty as Localized Resistance to Globalization." Globalizations 8 (1): 47-63.

Southgate, Douglas. 2011. "Food Sovereignty: The Idea's Origins and Dubious Merits." ATDF Journal 8 (1/2): 18-22.

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 13 (December 1): To Liberalize Trade or Not? II

Videos (Will be watched in class)
 

ByLine. 2013. "Taxpayers Get Milked." (October 17)

The Source. 2013. "Canada's Dairy Cartel." (October 18)

Mandatory readings
 

- Philosophy/Ethics

Andrée, Peter, Miranda Cobb, Leanne Moussa and Emily Norgang. 2011. "Building Unlikely Alliances around Food Sovereignty in Canada." Studies in Political Economy 88 (Autumn): 133-159.

Booker, Grahame. 2014. "The Non-Relevance of a Right to Food." Journal of Prices and Markets (Papers & Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Toronto Austrian Scholars Conference).

- Supply Restrictions

Clemens, Jason and Brian Lee Crowley (eds). 2012. Milking the System: How Agricultural Supply Management Impedes Trade Opportunities and Egregiously Transfers Income. MacDonald-Laurier Institute.

Ligaya, Armina. 2014. "Ottawa's Protectionist Policies Contributing to Growing Price Gap between Canada and U.S.: New Study." National Post (Financial Post) (May 6).

Geloso, Vincent. 2013. "Canada's Most Socially Regressive Policy: Agricultural Supply Management." (December 18).

Suggested readings and links
 

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