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University of Toronto Mississauga • Department of Geography • SPRING 2013

GGR 489H5S: Special Topics in Human Geography
The (Re)Localization of Food Production: Debates and Controversies

 

 Instructor: Pierre Desrochers

 

 Lectures: Tuesday, 2-4PM

 

 Phone: (905) 828-5206

Office: Davis Building, room 3273

 

 Lecture room: IB 370 UTM

 

 E-mail: pierre.desrochers@utoronto.ca

 

DIRECT LINKS


>
Course Description
>
Course Objectives
>
Assignments
> Readings
>
Contacting the Instructor
> Term Paper
> Department of Geography Late Assignment/Missed Test Policy
> Equity Statement and Academic Rights
>
Expectations/Classroom Behaviour/Behaviour in the Academic Setting
> Academic Integrity/Honesty or Academic Offenses
> Accessibility
> Accommodations for Religious Observances
> Lecture Schedule
> Suggested Readings


>
Week 1 (January 8): Introduction
> Week 2 (January 15): The Call of the Local I: Popular Debates
> Week 3 (January 22): Urban Agriculture
> Week 4 (January 29): From Subsistence to Exchange I
> Week 5 (February 5): From Subsistence to Exchange II
> Week 6 (February 12): The Call of the Local II: Historical Perspective
> Week 7 (February 19): Reading Week
> Week 8 (February 26): The Call of the Local III: Locavorism
> Week 9 (March 5): The Call of the Local IV: Methods
> Week 10 (March 12): The Call of the Local V: Ontario
> Week 11 (March 19): Locavorism and Food Security
> Week 12 (March 26): The Case against Locavorism I
> Week 13 (April 2): The Case against Locavorism II

 

Course Description

The course will take an in-depth and critical look at current proposals to "re-localize" our food system through the (re)development of urban agriculture and shorter supply chains. It will survey recent policy reports and proposals and take a broader historical perspective on the rationale behind the development of the long distance trade in food products and inputs.

COURSE OBJECTIVES

The course has five main objectives:


1) To introduce you to the current controversies surrounding proposal to re-localize our food supply chain;
2) To introduce you to a range of economic and technical factors that have shaped our globalized food supply chain;
3) To improve your ability to critically analyse and write clearly on a number of issues;
4) To familiarize yourself with the basic terminology with which professionals in relevant disciplines communicate their work and their research findings;
5) To apply a wide range of academic skills in writing a critical piece of policy analysis.
 

Course Assignments

Weekly readings: Students are expected to do the required readings before each class meeting. Prior to class and for at least six (6) lectures, students should have prepared a single page commentary on the assigned readings. These are not meant to be summaries, but rather should focus on the main arguments being made and how they relate to other readings assigned that week or previously. They will have to be handed to the instructor prior to the beginning of the class and will be returned by the instructor the following week.

Grade: Students must submit a 1-2 page proposal (5% - due by the beginning of week 4) and complete a 15-20 page term paper on a topic related to the broad theme of the course (45% - due on the last day of the semester). The single page commentaries (30%: 6 X 5%) and class participation (20%) will make up the remainder of the grade.
 

Readings

All readings for this course are freely available to U of T's students through the course Website.

Most of the suggested readings are freely accessible from anywhere. Some of them, however, may require you to use a UofT terminal or user code.

Contacting the instructor

You can contact me at pierre.desrochers@utoronto.ca. Formal office hours are Tuesday 1-2PM and 4-5PM.

Please read the course syllabus before e-mailing a question or expect a one line answer telling you to look it up if the answer is already there.

Always use your University of Toronto e-mail address (@utoronto.ca) for all course-related communications. E-mails from other domains (e.g., hotmail, Rogers, gmail, yahoo, etc.) may be filtered as spam and will at any rate be ignored. Always include the course code (e.g., 489H5S) as part of your subject line, along with your full name and student number in the body of the e-mail. E-mails will be answered during office hours as promptly as possible. Please note that I do not open attachments and will not answer during week-ends.

The first person that you should e-mail concerning department- or program-related queries or to submit documentation regarding a missed assignment, quiz, or test is the Academic Counsellor for Geography/Environment, Sabrina Ferrari (sabrina.ferrari@utoronto.ca).

E-mail should NOT be viewed as an alternative to meeting with the TA or professor during office hours. Nor should e-mail be used as a mechanism to receive private tutorials (especially prior to tests) or to explain material that was covered in missed lectures. Not receiving replies to e-mails from the TA or professor, or not receiving them in time, will not be an acceptable excuse for pleas for extensions to assignment or exam deadlines.

Students are advised to consult www.enough.utoronto.ca for information on university policy concerning the appropriate use of information and communication technology.

© PhD Comics
 

Term Paper

Students will be asked to write a 15 page essay on a topic of their choice approved by the instructor. Team work is allowed. These assignments will be discussed in class. Papers should follow one of the Standard Documentation Formats.

The papers are due by April 5, 5 PM. There will be a drop-off box in front of Room Davis 3284.

Here are the detailed instructions to write your proposal and essay.

Late Assignment (Term Paper) Policy
The deadline for your term paper is 5PM on the last day of class for the semester. Late assignments will be subject to an immediate late penalty of 25% of the total marks for the assignment that will cover the Easter week-end, and 10% per day afterwards. Assignments submitted after 5PM on Thursday April 11 will be assigned a grade of zero. No exception will be made to this policy for medical (excluding pre-existing conditions and treatments) or other reasons (such as hardware failure, sickness or death of a relative, car problems, job interviews, etc.). You have all semester to write your term paper and should prepare for the unexpected

On the Art of Writing a Term Paper
Writing http://www.writing.utoronto.ca/ and Advice on Academic Writing http://www.writing.utoronto.ca/advice at the University of Toronto.

Some additional advice from Professor Daniel Drezner (On writing a paper / On researching a paper) and Professor Steven Horwitz (Guide to Writing Formal Academic Papers).

Other useful links: UTM Library / Robert Gillespie Academic Skills Centre.

Your choice of topic must be approved by the instructor through e-mail before turning in your proposal.

Please note that you do not need to submit your proposal or the appendixes of your term paper through turnitin.com.


Normally, students will be required to submit their course essays to Turnitin.com for a review of textual similarity and detection of possible plagiarism. In doing so, students will allow their essays to be included as source documents in the Turnitin.com reference database, where they will be used solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. The terms that apply to the University's use of the Turnitin.com service are described on the Turnitin.com web site. > Full legal statement

Students are permitted, under our conditions of use, to opt-out of using Turnitin. If a student chooses not to submit an assignment through Turnitin, the instructor will need to find alternative arrangements to check their work as rigorously. Students will not be penalized for choosing to opt out, but they will be asked to have a short meeting with the instructor and be asked questions about their research methodology and work.

You are required to submit a hard copy of the assignment as instructed in the syllabus for the TAs to grade and annotate Electronic copies will be submitted by students through Turnitin.

> Basic steps for setting up your Turnitin account and submitting papers

Turnitin.com course ID. The password will be given in class.

Note Concerning Turnitin (This is only required if you plan to have students submit work to Turnitin.com, and you must offer students alternative submission options):

Normally, students will be required to submit written assignments to Turnitin.com for a review of textual similarity and detection of possible plagiarism. In doing so, students will allow their assignments to be included as source documents in the Turnitin.com reference database, where they will be used solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. The terms that apply to the University's use of the Turnitin.com service are described on the Turnitin.com web site (www.Turnitin.com). If you have an objection to the use of Turnitin for the submission of your work, please make an appointment to speak personally with the Course Instructor to discuss alternative arrangements. A guide for students is available from the University of Toronto's Office of Teaching Advancement, at: www.utoronto.ca/ota/turnitin/TurnitinGuideForStudents.pdf. This information will also be made available on the course Blackboard site.
 

Please note that submitting your paper through Turnitin.com or making alternative arrangements before the deadline with your professor is not optional. Failure to do so will result in a grade of 0 for your term paper. Failure to submit your paper on turnitin.com before the deadline will result in the same late penalty as if you had not submitted your hard copy.

 

Department of Geography Late assignment/Missed Test Policy

This is the departmental policy for late assignments and missed tests. Please note that the penalty related to your proposal is different. In this particular case, I apply my own policy as specified on the syllabus.

I
n-class or Online QUIZ/TESTS: Students CANNOT petition to re-write a quiz/test once the test has begun. If you are feeling ill, please do not start the online or in-class test and seek medical attention immediately. You must have a physician fill out a U of T Student Medical Certificate and submit a request via the online Special Consideration Request form @ https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest within 24 hours.

Online Submissions for Term Work: It is every student’s responsibility to ensure that their online submission is submitted successfully by the due date. Accommodations will not be made for unsuccessful submissions due to, but not limited to, i) the system timing out ii) submitting the incorrect document(s) iii) poor internet connection / no internet connection etc.

Missed Term Work (Assignment/Lab - as per Department of Geography policy):
Late assignments will be subject to a late penalty of 10% per day (including weekends) of the total marks for the assignment. Assignments submitted five calendar days beyond the due date will be assigned a grade of zero.

Academic accommodation can be made when an assignment is late. For accommodations on late/missed assignments please see section on "Extension of Time".

Missed Term Work (Quiz/Test - as per Department of Geography policy):
In courses with final exams, there will be no re-writes or make-ups for term tests/quizzes missed for University-accepted, verifiable reasons. Instead, the final exam will be re-weighted by the value of the term test/quiz.

Requesting Academic Accommodation using the Online Special Consideration Request Application: In Geography and Environment courses, professors cannot grant extensions on term work or allow makeups for missed items. If you ask for and receive an extension or a makeup date directly from a professor, without following the appropriate steps as outlined in this document, it will be invalid and may be revoked at any time by the departmental petitions committee.

Informing Your Professor and Submitting Appropriate Documentation:
The following steps must be completed in order to be considered for academic accommodation for any course work such as missed tests or late assignments:

1. Students must inform their professor in writing (e-mail is acceptable) within 24 hours of a test date/assignment due date of any circumstances that prevent them from writing a test or submitting an assignment on time.
2. Students must complete an online Special Consideration Request @ https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest. Students who miss a test due to circumstances beyond their control (e.g. illness or an accident) can request that the Department grant them special consideration. You must inform your instructor within 24 hours and you have up to one (1) week from the date of the missed test to submit your online request (late requests will NOT be considered without a "letter of explanation" as to why the request is late). You must present your case to the Department (not the Instructor). Note: The system only supports Microsoft Internet Explorer and Firefox for the time being.
3. Original supporting documentation (e.g. Verification of Student Illness or Injury form, accident report, etc) MUST BE SUBMITTED to the DROP BOX (labeled "Environment and Geography Petition Documentation") located outside Room 3282, Davis Building. Supporting documentation is required within 48 hours of submitting your online request.
Please Note: If you missed your test for a reason connected to your registered disability, please be advised that the department will accept documentation supplied by the UTM AccessAbility Resource Centre.
Note: (i) ROSI declarations are not accepted as supporting documentation.
(ii) If your reason for absence is due to a last minute flight due to a family emergency (illness/death etc.) you must provide your flight itinerary INCLUDING the date the flight was purchased as well as boarding passes in addition to proof of death/illness/accident.
4. Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms MUST include the statement "This Student was unable to write the test on date(s) for medical reasons". Documentation MUST show that the physician was consulted within ONE day of the test date. A statement merely confirming a report of illness made by the student is NOT acceptable (such as, "This patient tells me that he was feeling ill on that day."). Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms can be found on the Office of the Registrar's webpage (http://www.illnessverification.utoronto.ca/getattachment/index/Verification-of-Illness-or-Injury-form-Jan-22-2013.pdf.aspx).

Please complete the following:
- Special request link: https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest
- Verification of Illness form: http://www.illnessverification.utoronto.ca/

Please note that the written explanation and documentation that you submit represents an appeal from you, requesting the opportunity to account for that portion of your grade in some other manner. If an appeal is not received, or if the appeal is deemed unacceptable, you will receive a grade of zero for the item you missed. If the appeal is granted - that is, your reason for missing the item is considered acceptable by the committee - then a mechanism for accounting for the grade value of the missed item will be discussed.

A Departmental committee evaluates each request. Decisions will be communicated by email within two weeks of receipt of all completed documents. Note: It is your responsibility to ensure your email account is working and able to receive emails. Claims that a Departmental decision was not received will NOT be considered as a reason for further consideration. Contact Sabrina Ferrari (sabrina.ferrari@utoronto.ca) Academic Counselor, should you NOT receive notification of your decision within 2 weeks of submission.

Note that holidays and pre-purchased plane tickets, family plans, your friend's wedding, lack of preparation, or too many other tests are not acceptable excuses for missing a quiz, a test, or an item of term work.

Extension of Time
Students are expected to back up their work at all times. As such, extension requests due to computer issues (stolen, crashed, damaged etc.) will not be considered. The following steps must be completed in order to be considered for academic accommodation for any assignment extensions. Assignments handed in AFTER the work has been returned to the class cannot be marked for credit.

1. Students must inform their professor in writing (e-mail is acceptable) IN ADVANCE of an assignment due date of any circumstances that prevent them from submitting their assignment on time.
2. Students must complete an online Special Consideration Request @ https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest IN ADVANCE of the assignment due date. Note: The system only supports Microsoft Internet Explorer and Firefox for the time being.
3. Original supporting documentation (e.g. Verification of Student Illness or Injury form, accident report, etc) MUST BE SUBMITTED to the DROP BOX (labeled "Environment and Geography Petition Documentation") located outside Room 3282, Davis Building. Supporting documentation is required within one (1) week of submitting your online request.
4. Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms: Documentation MUST show that the physician was consulted within ONE day of the assignment due date. A statement merely confirming a report of illness made by the student is NOT acceptable (such as, "This patient tells me that he was feeling ill on that day."). Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms can be found on the Office of the Registrar's webpage (http://www.illnessverification.utoronto.ca/getattachment/index/Verification-of-Illness-or-Injury-form-Jan-22-2013.pdf.aspx).

Original supporting documentation (e.g. Verification of Student Illness or Injury form, accident report, etc) MUST BE SUBMITTED to the DROP BOX (labeled "Environment and Geography Petition Documentation") located outside Room 3282, Davis Building. Note: ROSI declarations are not accepted as supporting documentation. You are expected to submit your request to the Department before the due date of the assignment, unless demonstrably serious reasons prevent you from doing so. In the event of an illness, if you are seeking a one-day extension, Verification of Student Illness or Injury forms must confirm that you were ill on the due date of the assignment; if you are requesting a longer extension, your documentation must specify exactly the length of the period during which you were unable to carry out your academic work. For extensions of time beyond the examination period you must submit a petition through the Office of the Registrar. http://www.erin.utoronto.ca/index.php?id=6988

A Departmental committee evaluates each request for an extension of time. Decisions will be communicated by email within two weeks of receipt of all completed documents. Please note that students are required to submit their assignment/lab as soon as they are able and they should NOT wait for the decision of the committee. Note: It is your responsibility to ensure your email account is working and able to receive emails. Claims that a Departmental decision was not received will NOT be considered as a reason for further consideration. Contact Sabrina Ferrari (sabrina.ferrari@utoronto.ca) Academic Counsellor, should you NOT receive notification of your decision within 2 weeks of submission.

It is your responsibility to follow the appropriate procedures and submit requests for special consideration on time. Failure to do so may result in the committee denying your request.
Should you require further information regarding Special Considerations, please contact the Academic Counselor, Sabrina Ferrari
Undergraduate Academic Counselor
Room 3282, Davis Building, Telephone: 905-828-5465
email: sabrina.ferrari@utoronto.ca

Equity Statement and Academic Rights

The University of Toronto is committed to equity and respect for diversity. All members of the learning environment in this course should strive to create an atmosphere of mutual respect. As a course instructor, I will neither condone nor tolerate behaviour that undermines the dignity or self-esteem of any individual in this course and wish to be alerted to any attempt to create an intimidating or hostile environment. It is our collective responsibility to create a space that is inclusive and welcomes discussion. Discrimination, harassment and hate speech will not be tolerated. If you have any questions, comments, or concerns you may contact the UTM Equity and Diversity officer at edo.utm@utoronto.ca or the University of Toronto Mississauga Students' Union Vice President Equity at vpequity@utmsu.ca.

Academic Rights

You, as a student at UTM, have the right to:
- Receive a syllabus by the first day of class.
- Rely upon a syllabus once a course is started. An instructor may only change marks' assignments by following the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy provision 1.3.
- Refuse to use turnitin.com (you must be offered an alternative form of submission).
- Have access to your instructor for consultation during a course or follow up with the department chair if the instructor is unavailable.
- Ask the person who marked your term work for a re-evaluation if you feel it was not fairly graded. You have up to one month from the date of return of the item to inquire about the mark. If you are not satisfied with a re-evaluation, you may appeal to the instructor in charge of the course if the instructor did not mark the work. If your work is remarked, you must accept the resulting mark. You may only appeal a mark beyond the instructor if the term work was worth at least 20% of the course mark.
- Receive at least one significant mark (15% for H courses, 25% for Y courses) before the last day you can drop a course for H courses, and the last day of classes in the first week of January for Y courses taught in the Fall/Winter terms.
- Submit handwritten essays so long as they are neatly written.
- Have no assignment worth 100% of your final grade.
- Not have a term test worth 25% or more in the last two weeks of class.
- Retain intellectual property rights to your research.
- Receive all your assignments once graded.
- View your final exams. To see a final exam, you must submit an online Exam Reproduction Request within 6 months of the exam. There is a small non-refundable fee.
- Privacy of your final grades.
- Arrange for representation from Downtown Legal Services (DLS), a representative from the UTM Students' Union (UTMSU), and/or other forms of support if you are charged with an academic offence.

Expectations/Classroom Behaviour/Behaviour in the Academic Setting

Our expectation of you is that you will show respect to the Course Instructor, TAs, other faculty, staff, and fellow students. This includes arriving on time and staying for the entire class (so you don't disturb others by your late entry or early departure); listening quietly (so you don't disturb others by your chatting or online activities); approaching your course work with an open, honest spirit and enthusiasm; and otherwise adhering to the Code.

In turn, you can expect the Course Instructor, staff, and TAs to show respect to you and your fellow students; to deliver the best course that they possibly can; to communicate their enthusiasm for the material; to maintain fairness in all aspects of course delivery and assessment; and otherwise to adhere to the University's Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters.

Academic Integrity/Honesty or Academic Offenses

It is your responsibility as a student at the University of Toronto to familiarize yourself with, and adhere to, both the Code of Student Conduct and the Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters.

This means, first and foremost, that you should read them carefully.

  • The Code of Student Conduct is available from the U of T Mississauga website (Registrar > Academic Calendar > Codes and Policies) or in your print version of the Academic Calendar.

  • The Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters is available from the U of T Mississauga website (Registrar > Academic Calendar > Codes and Policies) or in your print version of the Academic Calendar.

Another helpful document that you should read is How Not to Plagiarize, by M. Procter.

Further Thoughts on Academic Honesty:
The Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters states that:

"The University and its members have a responsibility to ensure that a climate that might encourage, or conditions that might enable, cheating, misrepresentation or unfairness not be tolerated. To this end all must acknowledge that seeking credit or other advantages by fraud or misrepresentation, or seeking to disadvantage others by disruptive behaviour is unacceptable, as is any dishonesty or unfairness in dealing with the work or record of a student." ―University of Toronto Mississauga Academic Calendar

This summarizes what we are all trying to achieve through the implementation of this Code―both students and faculty. We are trying―together―to create an atmosphere of fairness and honesty, in which people can learn and receive appropriate credit for work that they have done. Note that the Code refers specifically to expectations for faculty members, not just for students. It is my responsibility, as a member of the faculty of the University of Toronto, to be familiar with these expectations and adhere to them. There are many additional academic requirements that we are expected to meet with regard to the integrity of course materials, returning of marked work to students, maintenance of student privacy, fairness, grading practices, and others. My TAs and I will make every possible effort to meet these expectations.
 

Accessibility

U of T Mississauga and the AccessAbility Resource Centre are committed to the full participation of students with disabilities in all aspects of campus life. The AccessAbility Resource Centre provides academic accommodations and services to students who have a physical, sensory, or learning disability, mental health condition, acquired brain injury, or chronic health condition, be it visible or hidden. Students who have temporary disabilities (e.g., broken dominant arm) are also eligible to receive services. All interested students must have an intake interview with an advisor to discuss their individual needs.

Students who require accommodation are advised to visit the AccessAbility Resource Centre as early as possible to have their needs assessed, as it may take some time to process the application.

For more information please contact the centre at:
Room 2047, South Bldg.
Tel/TTY: 905-569-4699
E-mail: access.utm@utoronto.ca
Web: www.utm.utoronto.ca/accessability/

Accommodations for Religious Observances

As noted in the the Policy on Scheduling of Classes and Examinations and Other Accommodations for Religious Observances, the following provisions are included:

"It is the policy of the University of Toronto to arrange reasonable accommodation of the needs of students who observe religious holy days other than those already accommodated by ordinary scheduling and statutory holidays.
Students have a responsibility to alert members of the teaching staff in a timely fashion to upcoming religious observances and anticipated absences. Instructors will make every reasonable effort to avoid scheduling tests, examinations or other compulsory activities at these times. If compulsory activities are unavoidable, every reasonable opportunity should be given to these students to make up work that they miss, particularly in courses involving laboratory work. When the scheduling of tests or examinations cannot be avoided, students should be informed of the procedure to be followed to arrange to write at an alternate time.

It is most important that no student be seriously disadvantaged because of her or his religious observances. However, in the scheduling of academic and other activities, it is also important to ensure that the accommodation of one group does not seriously disadvantage other groups within the University community."

With respect to minimum advance notice, the Policy provides that "Students have a responsibility to alert members of the teaching staff in a timely fashion to upcoming religious observances and anticipated absences." Since students would normally be aware of upcoming religious observances as well as examination schedules in advance, a minimum of three weeks advance notice will be considered sufficient.

More information and some dates of potential relevance for the U of T community are available at www.viceprovoststudents.utoronto.ca/publicationsandpolicies/guidelines/religiousobservances.htm.

As with any academic accommodation request, students must submit an on-line Special Consideration Request @ https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest.

Lecture Schedule

Week 1 (January 8): Introduction
Week 2 (January 15): The Call of the Local I: Popular Debates
Week 3 (January 22): Urban Agriculture
Week 4 (January 29): From Subsistence to Exchange I (Deadline for proposal)
Week 5 (February 5): From Subsistence to Exchange II
Week 6 (February 12): The Call of the Local II: Historical Perspective
Week 7 (February 19): Reading Week
Week 8 (February 26): The Call of the Local III: Locavorism
Week 9 (March 5): The Call of the Local IV: Methods
Week 10 (March 12): The Call of the Local V: Ontario
Week 11 (March 19): Locavorism and Food Security
Week 12 (March 26): The Case against Locavorism I
Week 13 (April 2): The Case against Locavorism II

Week 1 (January 8): Introduction

Course objectives, format, assignments and evaluation. Brief introduction by each students to his/her background, interests, and reasons for taking the course.
 

Mandatory readings
 

Historical Evolution

Gardner. Bruce. 2003. "U.S. Agriculture in the Twentieth Century." Eh.Net Encyclopedia of Economic and Business History.

Global Issues

Tupy, Marian L. 2012. "Embracing Progress." Washington Times (May 4).

Godfray, H. Charles J. 2010. "The Future of the Global Food System." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 365 (1554): 2769-2777.

Global Food Markets Group. 2009. "The 2007/08 Agricultural Price Spikes: Causes and Policy Implications." HM Government ("Executive Summary").

Current Debates

- "Voting with your Trolley." The Economist, December 7, 2006.

McFedries, Paul. 2011. "The Locavore's Dilemma." IEEE Spectrum (April): 27.

--. 2011."US Farmers & Ranchers Alliance Surveys Show Disconnect between American Consumers and their Food." University of California Cooperative Extension (September 22).

Marris, Emma. 2014. "Beyond Food and Evil. Nature and Haute Cuisine After the Chez Panisse Revolution." The Breakthrough (Spring).

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 2 (January 15): The Call of the Local I: Popular Debates

Mandatory readings
 

Locavores and Critics of Agri-Business

BBC News Channel. 2007
- "What's in your Basket?" December 21.
- "Quick Guide: Sustainable Food." December 17.

"How Far Has your Food Traveled? (Miles and Miles and Miles)" Special Report, The Guardian (click on a few items).

Sharpe, Rosalind. 2008. "Feast and Famine." The Guardian, July 5.

Pollan, Michael. 2008. "Farmer in Chief." New York Times Magazine, October 9.

Walsh, Bryan. 2009. "Getting Real about the High Price of Cheap Food." Time, August 21

Gottlieb, Robert and Anupama Joshi. 2010. "Food Justice." Dissent Magazine, October 25

Koehn, Nancy F. 2011. "Off the Shelf - Fresh Tomatoes for Inner Cities." The New York Times, June 4

Despommier, Dickson on "The Vertical Farm"

Rifkin, Jeremy. 2006. "The Risks of Too Much City." The Washington Post, December 17.

Globavores and Supporters of Agri-Business

DeGregori, Thomas R. 2004. "Julia Child's Legacy for the Future." HealthFactsAndFears.com, August 16.

Bailey, Ronald. 2007. "Barbara Kingsolver's Latest Fiction - Life on the Farm ain't Always a Picnic." Reason Online, June 1.

Hurst, Blake. 2009. "The Omnivore's Delusion: Against the Agri-Intellectuals." The American, July 30.

Paarlberg, Robert. 2010 "Attention Whole Food Shoppers." Foreign Policy, May-June

Kummer, Corby. 2010. "The Great Grocery Smackdown." The Atlantic, March

Avery, Dennis T. 2010. "City Farming - Pigs in the Sky?" CGFI , October 19th.

Fresco, Louise O. 2011. "Michael Pollan's Misguided Food Nostalgia." Zester Daily, February 21.

Nelson, Douglas and Alexander Rinkus. 2011. "The Hi-Tech Agriculture Imperative." The American, August 10.

Avery, Dennis T. 2012. "The Future of Farming." Frontier Centre for Public Policy (September 3).

Bailey, Ronald. 2006. "The Lingering Stench of Malthus - Debunking Jeremy Rifkin's Beef with Cities." ReasonOnline, December 22.

• Reality Check

Reiley, Laura. 2016. "Farm to Fable: At Tampa Bay farm-to-table restaurants, you're being fed fiction." Tampa Bay Times (April 13). 

Reiley, Laura. 2016. "Tampa Bay Farmers Markets are Lacking in Just One Thing: Local Farmers." Tampa Bay Times (April 13). 

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 3 (January 22): Urban Agriculture

Mandatory readings
 

Satthertwaite, David, Gordon McGranahan and Cecilia Tacoli. 2010. "Urbanization and its Implications for Food and Farming." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 365 (1554): 2809-2820.

RUAF Foundation (Resource Centres on Urban Agriculture and Food Security)
- What is urban agriculture?
- Why is urban agriculture important?
- Further reading

van Veenhuizen, René. 2007. Profitability and Sustainability of Urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture, Agricultural Management, Marketing and Finance Occasional Paper #19, UN FAO.

Kavanaugh, Kelli B. 2010. "John Hantz: The man has a plan, but does Detroit have a farming future?" Model D (August 24).

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 4 (January 29): From Subsistence to Exchange I

VIDEO (Will be watched in class)

Proposal due


Steel, Carolyn. 2009. "How Food Shapes our Cities." Ted Talks (October).

Mandatory readings

 


--. 2002. "Heritage Agricultural Systems." FAO Spotlight.

--. 2009. "The Globalization of Food and Plants." Yale Global Online.

Beauman, Fran. 2006. "The King of Fruits" Cabinet (Fall).

Stanhill, G. 1976. "An Urban Agro-Ecosystem. The Example of Nineteenth Century Paris." Agro-Ecosystems 3: 269-284.

Pitman, Teresa. 2011. "Pre-Confederation Farmers weren't Really Self-Sufficient. Historian Challenges Myths about Simpler Times of the Past." @Guelph (February 15).

George Dodd. 1856. The Food of London: A sketch of the chief varieties, sources of supply, probable quantities, modes of arrival, processes of manufacture, suspected adulteration, and machinery of distribution, of the food for a community of two millions and a half. Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, pp. 101-123.

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 5 (February 5): From Subsistence to Exchange II

Mandatory readings

 

Rodrigue, Jean-Paul, Claude Comtois and Brian Slack. 2009. The Geography of Transport Systems. Routledge, Chapter 2: Historical Geography of Transportation:
- The Emergence of Mechanized Systems
- The Setting of Global Systems

Adams, Edward Francis and Louis Adelbert Clinton. 1899. The Modern Farmer in his Business Relations: A Study of Some of the Principles underlying the Art of Profitable Farming and Marketing, and of the Interests of Farmers as Affected by Modern Social and Economic Conditions and Forces. San Francisco: N.J. Stone Company, pp. 11-21.

Page, John. 1880. "The Sources of Supply of the Manchester Fruit and Vegetable Markets." Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England 16 (2nd series), pp. 475-485.

Atkins, Peter J. and Derek J. Oddy. 2007. "Food and the City." In Peter J. Atkins, Peter Lummel and Derek J. Oddy (eds) Food and the City in Europe since 1800 (Ashgate) pp. 1-10.

USDA Economics Research Service.
- Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS): Resource Regions.
- Food expenditure - Overview.

New Zealand's Agricultural Exports
- New Zealand Trade and Enterprise. New Zealand exports 1910-2010
- New Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries. 2012. Fruits
- Fonterra - About (Browse)

"Groceries 'cheaper' now than in 1862, Grocer magazine finds." BBC News, January 6, 2012.

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 6 (February 12): The Call of the Local II: Historical Perspective

Poster Exhibits (Browse)
 

Bernat, Cory. 2010. "Beans are Bullets" and "Of Course I Can!" War-Era Food Posters, USDA.

Manchester Art Gallery. 2009. Posters for the Empire Marketing Board. (Browse).

The Telegraph. "Vintage Ministry of Food Posters."

Mandatory readings

 


Petronius. [Late 1st Century AD]. Satyricon, Vol. 2: The Dinner of Trimalchio, chapters 35, 36 and 38.

"Fruitlands." In Amos Bronson Alcott Network.

History of Urban Agriculture. Sprouts in the Sidewalk.

Howard, Ebenezer. 1902. Garden Cities of To-morrow (being the second edition of "To-morrow: a peaceful path to real reform"). S. Sonnenschein & co., ltd, p. 32.

Lathrop Pack, Charles. 1917. "Urban and Suburban Food Production." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 74 (The World's Food), pp. 203-206.

Morriss Llewellyn Cooke. 1918. Our Cities Awake. Notes on Municipal Activities and Administration. Doubleday, Page & Company, pp. 269-272.

Smith, Joseph Russell. 1919. The World's Food Resources. H. Holt & Company, pp. 566- 573, 579-580.

The Glasgow Story. "Allotments for the unemployed on the Garscube Estate, 10 Jan 1933."

Maloney, C. J. 2007. "The Peculiar History of Arthurdale." Mises Daily (August 8).

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 7 : Reading Week (February 19)

 

Week 8 (February 26): The Call of the Local III: Locavorism

Mandatory readings
 

"Infographic: Locavorism vs. globavorism." MNN - Mother Nature Network, August 10, 2011.

Halweil, Brian. 2002. "Home Grown: The Case for Local Food in a Global Market." WorldWatch Paper #163, Worldwatch Institute, pp. 5-8.

Low, Sarah A. and Stephen Vogel. 2011. "Local Foods Marketing Channels Encompass a Wide Range of Producers." Amber Waves (December).

Martinez, Stephen, Michael S. Hand, Michelle Da Pra, Susan Pollack, Katherine Ralston, Travis A. Smith, Stephen Vogel, Shellye Clark, Luanne Lohr, Sarah A. Low, and Constance Newman. 2010. Local Food Systems: Concepts, Impacts, and Issues. Economic Research Report No. (ERR-97), USDA.

Hergesheimer, Chris and Emily Huddart Kennedy. 2010. Farmers Markets, Local Food Systems and the Social Economy: A Thematic Literature Review. Balta.

Zezima, Katie. 2010. "Push to Eat Local is Hampered by Shortage." The New York Times, March 27.

- Supplemental reading for graduate students
Feagan, Robert. 2007. "The Place of Food: Mapping out the 'Local' in Local Food Systems." Progress in Human Geography 31 (1): 23-42.

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 9 (March 5): The Call of the Local IV: Methods

Mandatory readings
 

Perez Vazquez, Arturo and Simon Anderson. 2005. "A Methodological Review of Research into Urban Agriculture." RUAF.

Local Food Case Studies, Food Industry Centre, University of Minnesota
- Background Documents for the Study
- Extended Case Study Reports

Hand, Michael S. 2010. "Local Food Supply Chains Use Diverse Business Models to Satisfy Demand." Amber Waves (December).

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 10 (March 12): The Call of the Local V: Ontario

Mandatory readings
 

Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA). 2012. Setting the Table for Local Food in Ontario
- Bringing Home More Local Food: McGuinty Government Consulting on the Good Things that Grow in Ontario (June 9)
- McGuinty Government Planning to Introduce Local Food Act (September 12)

Food Secure Canada http://foodsecurecanada.org/ 2011. Resetting the Table: A People's Food Policy for Canada. Creative Commons.

Metcalf Foundation
- Baker, Lauren, Philippa Campsie and Katie Rabinowicz (for Sustain Ontario). 2010. Menu 2020: Ten Good Food Ideas for Ontario.

Toronto Food Policy Council
- GrowTO Action Plan

Ontario Local Food Report 2014-2015 (pdf version).
 
OMAFRA. 2015. "Ontario's Local Food Strategy." (August 17). 

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 11 (March 19): Locavorism and Food Security

Mandatory readings
 

Historical perspective

Bailey, Ronald. 2006. "Is Modern Civilization Fragile? The Radically Enhanced Security of the Modern World." Reason Online, June 9.

Persson, Karl Gunnar. 1999. "Bread and Enlightenment: The Quest for Price Stability and Free Trade in Eighteenth-Century Europe." In Grain Markets in Europe, 1500-1900: Integration and Deregulation. Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-10.

Bastiat, Frédéric. 1845. Economic Sophism, First Series, Chapter 18: There Are No Absolute Principles.

Smith, Joseph Russell. 1919. The World's Food Resources. H. Holt & Company, pp. 3-13.

Contemporary perspective

Fielding, Matthew and Tom Gill. 2012. "What do We Really Mean by Rural Food Security?" CGIAR Blog (September 30).

Boin, Caroline. 2009. "The Mystery of Famine." Spiked, November 19.

Serecon Management Consulting Inc. in partnership with Zbeetnoff Agro-Environmental Consulting Inc. 2009. Food Secure Vancouver Baseline Report. Vancouver Food Policy Council (Executive Summary).

Nelson, Gerald, Amanda Palazzo, Claudia Ringler, Timothy Sulser and MiroslavBatka. 2009. The Role of International Trade in Climate Change Adaptation. Issue Brief #4. ICTSD (International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development) and IF&ATPC (International Food and Agricultural Policy Trade Council).

Alternatives to trade

von Braun, Joachim and Maximo Torero. 2008. Physical and Virtual Global Food Reserves to Protect the Poor and Prevent Market Failure. International Food Policy Research Institute.

Hurst, Blake. 2010. "The 21st Century Land Rush." The American (September 22).

Sidhu, Rishi. 2011. "Five Questions for ... William Schanbacher." Foreign Policy Blogs (April 7).

Heynen, Nik, Hilda E. Kurtz and Amy Trauger. 2012. "Food Justice, Hunger and the City." Geography Compass 6 (6): 304-311.

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 12 (March 26): The Case against Locavorism I

Mandatory readings
 

An Ex Farmer. 1937. "To Hell with Farming." American Mercury.

Edwards-Jones, Gareth. 2010. "Does Eating Local Food Reduce the Environmental Impact of Food Production and Enhance Consumer Health?" Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 69 (4): 582-591.

Sexton, Steven, 2009. "Does Local Production Improve Environment and Health Outcomes?" ARE Updates 13 (2): 5-8.

Desrochers, Pierre and Hiroko Shimizu. 2008. "Yes We Have No Bananas: A Critique of the Food Mile Perspective." Mercatus Policy Series, Policy Primer No. 8.

Desrochers, Pierre and Hiroko Shimizu. 2012. "Locavores or Loco-vores?" The American Magazine (September 18)

Desrochers, Pierre and Hiroko Shimizu. 2012. "Liberated from gruel and mush." Spiked (August 23)

Lusk, Jayson L. and F. Bailey Norwood. 2011. "The Locavore's Dilemma: Why Pineapples Shouldn't Be Grown in North Dakota." Library of Economics and Liberty (January 3).

Gray, Nathan. 2013. "Frozen Fruit and Vegetable might be more Nutritious than Fresh: Research." Food Navigator (October 11).

Kinney, Allison. 2014. "Lessons from a 'Local' Food Scam Artist." Narratively (September 22).

Boisvert, Will. 2013. "An Environmentalist on the Lie of Locavorism." Observer (April 16). 

• Zoonotic Diseases and Food Safety
Centers for Disease Controls and Prevention
- Animals (Zoonotic)
- Transmission of Avian Influenza A Viruses Between Animals and People

Dewey, Jennifer. 2013. "The Challenges of Local Meat." Chico Locker & Sausage Co. Inc. (April 9).

MacMillan, Susan. 2015. "Despite Contamination Concerns, Africa must Embrace 'Wet Markets' as Key to Food Security." ILRI News (January 27).

Shute, Nancy. 2013. "Backyard Chickens: Cute, Trendy Spreaders Of Salmonella." NPR (March 24).

Smith, Tara C. 2012. "What Is the World's Most Dangerous Animal?" Slate (December 4).

World Organisation for Animal Health. 2007. "OIE/FAO/WHO Urge More Determined Action against H5N1." (February 2).

Lee, Timothy B. 2015. "Was Chipotle too Busy Avoiding the Fake Dangers of GMOs to Focus on Actual Food Safety?" Vox (December 21). 

---. 2015. "A Chipotle Education. The all-natural evangelists get an E. coli reality check." Wall Street Journal (December 22). 

Suggested readings and links
 

Week 13 (April 2): The Case against Locavorism II

Video
 

Joel Salatin on local food distribution (from out-of-town software and early morning deliveries to problems with farmers markets). [We will watch from the beginning to about 9:00]

Mandatory readings
 

Tregear, Angela. 2011. "Progressing knowledge in alternative and local food networks: Critical reflections and a research agenda." Journal of Rural Studies 27 (4): 419-430.

DeLind, Laura B. 2011. "Are Local Food and the Local Food Movement Taking Us Where We Want to Go? Or are We Hitching our Wagons to the Wrong Star?" Agriculture and Human Values 28 (2): 273-283.

Born, Braden and Mark Purcell. 2006. "Avoiding the Local Trap: Scale and Food System in Planning Research." Journal of Planning Education and Research 26 (2): 195-207.

Stoll, Steven. 2006. "The Smallholder's Dilemma." Technology and Culture 47 (4): 808-813.

Locavores' Answer to their Critics

Scharber, Helen and Anita Dancs. Forthcoming. "Do Locavores have a Dilemma? Economic Discourse and the Local Food Critique." Agriculture & Human Values

Suggested readings and links
 

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