Pierre Desrochers

GGR 325 – Business and Industrial Geography

Period: January-April 2021
Instructor: Pierre DesrochersOffice: Davis Building, room 3273
Lectures: Monday 7-9 PMLecture room: ZOOM
Phone: (905) 828-5206E-mail: pierre.desrochers@utoronto.ca

In-person or video contact hours:

  • Office hours are Wednesday 3:30-5:00PM in DV 3273.
  • If this time is not convenient, please e-mail me to schedule an alternative time.
  • E-mail is the primary mode of contact outside of office hours. I do not recommend phoning me at my office.

General information and rules about e-mailing me:

  • Please read the course syllabus carefully. Answers about course-specific rules, content and procedures (e.g., how to submit documentation regarding a missed assignment, policies about missed quizzes and tests) are already there.
  • Always use your University of Toronto e-mail address (@utoronto.ca) for all course-related communications. E-mails from other domains (e.g., hotmail, Rogers, gmail, yahoo, etc.) may be filtered as spam and will at any rate be ignored.
  • You can contact me anytime at pierre.desrochers@utoronto.ca. I will do my best to answer you promptly during office hours (Monday-Friday 9AM-5PM).
  • Always include the course code (e.g., GGR325) as part of your subject line, along with your full name and student number in the body of the e-mail.
  • I do not open attachments and will not answer during weekends.
  • E-mail should NOT be viewed as an alternative to meeting with the TA or professor during office hours. Nor should e-mail be used as a mechanism to receive private tutorials (especially prior to tests) or to explain material that was covered in missed lectures. Not receiving replies to e-mails from the TA or professor, or not receiving them in time, will not be an acceptable excuse for pleas for extensions to assignment or exam deadlines.
  • Students are advised to consult http://www.enough.utoronto.ca/ for information on university policy concerning the appropriate use of information and communication technology.

Questions about departmental and program-related policies and procedures:

  • Questions and queries about departmental or program-related rules and procedures should be directed at the Academic Counsellor for Geography/Environment, at advisor.gge.utm@utoronto.ca

This course uses economic principles and geographical analysis to help you understand the global economic map of the early 21st century. It aims to show the way in which economic activities are organized within and across countries and how this affects people and communities. Both broad patterns of economic organization and specific case studies will be discussed.

Topics covered range from the impact of public policy on regional growth to a case study of the financial services industries. In short, the course attempts to answer the following question about the global economic map: “What is where, and why – and so what?”

The course has five (5) main objectives:

  1. To introduce you to the economic and political factors that shape the global organization of business activity;

  2. To provide you with a good grasp of the global economic map;

  3. To improve your ability to critically analyse and write clearly on a number of issues;

  4. To memorize and use, without aids, the basic terminology with which professionals in relevant disciplines communicate their work and their research findings;

  5. To apply a wide range of academic skills in active listening, note-taking, studying, reading, and test-taking to upper-level university courses.

Please note that the Power Point slides used in class will NOT be made available to students.

The course format will alternate between formal classes and open discussions. Students are expected to have read the assigned texts in advance.

The main text for the course is Peter Dicken’s Global Shift, 7th edition, Guilford Press. Additional readings, both required and suggested, are listed on the term schedule below.

Most of the suggested readings are freely accessible from anywhere. Some of them, however, may require you to use a UofT terminal or user code.

Textbook purchasing options through UofT bookstore

Print copy:

978-1-4625-1955-2: DICKEN 7E / GLOBAL SHIFT 7E



Exceptionally this COVID year, your assignments will consist of the following:

1) Short written assignments50%6:59PM day of lecture
2) Term Test20%February 22, 6:59PM
3) Final Exam30%TBA

As per the University Grading Practices Policy, please note that “after the methods of evaluation have been made known, the instructor may not change them or their relative weight without the consent of at least a simple majority of the students enrolled in the course. Any changes shall be reported to the division or the department.”

How to Query or Challenge a Mark

Please note that you have two weeks from the date an item is discussed in class to ask for the item to be remarked. Contact the Course Instructor for all queries about course marks, or if you wish to challenge a mark. Absolutely no item will be remarked after the two-week period has passed. Material submitted for remarking must be accompanied by a brief written explanation detailing your reasons for dissatisfaction with the original mark (such as an addition error or something you think the marker may have missed). A request for a remark without a written explanation will not be acted upon.

Please note that you are allowed two questions where you and the instructor can agree to disagree (meaning you believe that you are entitled to a higher mark, but your instructor disagrees) without penalty. Beginning with the third question where you and your instructor disagree, one point will be taken off your final mark by question for which a revised mark was requested by you and denied by the instructor.

Discussions of the test/exam and written assignments can be found below.

All assignments need to be submitted through Turnitin (course ID and password will be communicated through Quercus). Students unfamiliar with Turnitin are directed to the Turnitin guide from the University of Toronto’s Centre for Teaching Support and Innovation.

Normally, students will be required to submit written assignments to Turnitin.com for a review of textual similarity and detection of possible plagiarism. In doing so, students will allow their assignments to be included as source documents in the Turnitin.com reference database, where they will be used solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. The terms that apply to the University’s use of the Turnitin.com service are described on the Turnitin.com web site (www.Turnitin.com). If you have an objection to the use of Turnitin for the submission of your work, please make an appointment to speak personally with the Course Instructor to discuss alternative arrangements.

Please note that submitting your paper through Turnitin.com or making alternative arrangements with your professor before the relevant deadlines is not optional. Failure to do so will result in a grade of 0 for your assignment. The late penalties describe in this syllabus will apply.

You are asked to submit at least five written assignments that consist of a one page (single space) reflexion on the REQUIRED READINGS for the week. To clarify

  • Neither the videos nor the suggested readings are to be covered in this assignment.
  • You must cover the readings that will be discussed in class that day. For exemple, on January 18th you must submit a written assignment based on the readings to be discussed in class on January 18th, not the readings discussed the previous week.
  • The deadline to submit your written assignment through Turnitin is 6:59PM the day of the lecture.
  • The point here is not to summarize the readings, but to identify the main theme(s) and how some of the readings complement or contradict each other. You do not need to cover all the required readings.
  • You can refer to the author’s last name only (e.g., “Dicken” for Peter Dicken)
  • You do not need to include a bibliography as your professor already knows the readings.
  • Each assignment will be graded out of 10. Your five best marks will be compiled to determine 50% of your final grade.
  • You can write up and submit up to 11 short written assignments.

Term Test and Final Exam

In light of exceptional circumstances, there will be no in-class term test and final exam for this course in the Winter 2021 semester. Instead of a term test and final exam, students will be given a take-home term test and an online final exam worth respectively 20% and 30% of their final mark.

  • The term test will consist of short essays (5-6 pages for the term test) based on a question selected by the student out of two or three options given the professor. These questions will cover some of the material discussed in class (including the required videos), the mandatory readings and the suggested readings.
  • The term test questions will be posted on February 8 and the deadline is February 22, 6:59PM.
  • The final exam will take place on the day scheduled by the Registrar’s Office. It will use an open book format. You will have three (3) hours to answer two (2) questions selected by your professor out of up to five (5) themes given in advance. More detail will be given towards the end of the semester.


Please use the following guidelines for the term test.

Useful links to help you write your assignments
The University of Toronto Library staff has compiled several links on researching and writing term papers and other types of work. Please look them up, along with the various university resources available to you:

Please note that the Power Point slides used in class will NOT be made available to students.

Questions for the term test and final exam will be communicated to students through Quercus.

Required Policy Statements:
Use of ChatGPT / Generative AI
Students may choose to use generative artificial intelligence tools as they work through the assignments in this course; this use must be documented in an appendix for each assignment. The documentation should include what tool(s) were used, how they were used, and how the results from the AI were incorporated into the submitted work. Failure to provide an appendix in this case will be penalized.
Student Technology Requirements and Connection Tools
Students are expected to review and be in compliance with the University’s requirements for online learning (https://www.viceprovoststudents.utoronto.ca/tech-requirements-online-learning/). More resources are available on the UTM Library’s Learn Anywhere website (https://utm.library.utoronto.ca/students/quercus/learn-anywhere). Zoom may be used in the delivery of components of this course. Students are required to register for a UTM Zoom account (https://utoronto.zoom.us) prior to the first lecture. Only authenticated users can join the zoom meetings; please follow the instructions to ensure that your account is authenticated.
Privacy and Use of Course Materials Notifications
(Please note that this policy statement does not apply for this course) This course, including your participation, will be recorded on video and will be available to students in the course for viewing remotely and after each session. Course videos and materials belong to your instructor, the University, and/or other sources depending on the specific facts of each situation, and are protected by copyright. Do not download, copy, or share any course or student materials or videos without the explicit permission of the instructor. For questions about recording and use of videos in which you appear please contact your instructor.
Communications Policy
Students are encouraged to be available during posted office hour(s). Correspondence by email or requesting a meeting outside of the scheduled office hour(s) is also acceptable. In all email correspondence regarding this course, please note the following:
  1. Always use your University of Toronto email address (…@mail.utoronto.ca) for all course-related communications.
  2. Include the course code as part of your subject line, and include your full name and student number in the body of the email
  3. Check the course Quercus site before emailing a question, to make sure that it has not already been answered
Please contact the department’s Academic Advisor (advisor.gge.utm@utoronto.ca) for any department- or program-related queries or to submit documentation regarding a missed quiz or test.
Snow days
If a snow day is declared, all classes are cancelled, whether online or in-person. Campus closures are posted on the Campus Status page. Instructors may not schedule additional “make-up” class meetings beyond the class hours already in the UTM Timetable.
Missed Term Work
Late assignments will be subject to a late penalty of 10% per day (including weekends) of the total marks for the assignment. Assignments submitted five calendar days beyond the due date will be assigned a grade of zero. Term Work – Accommodations
  1. Accommodations due to late registration into the course will NOT be approved.
  2. In courses with final exams, there will be no re-writes or make-ups for term tests/quizzes missed for University-accepted, verifiable reasons. Instead, the final exam will be re-weighted by the value of the term test/quiz.
  3. For in-class or online quiz/test, students CANNOT petition to re-write a quiz/test once it has begun.  If you are feeling ill, please do not start the online or in-class test and seek medical attention immediately.
  4. Extension requests are not permitted for open-book, take home tests. Extensions are built into the time provided for the test.
  5. Assignments cannot be re-weighted to the final exam.
  6. For extension requests, maximum extension (where/when possible) is ONE week.
  7. Extension requests must be made IN ADVANCE of the assignment due date.
  8. Assignments handed in AFTER the work has been returned to the class cannot be marked for credit.
  9. Students are responsible in ensuring strong reliable internet connection. Special consideration requests due to poor internet connection (ie. unable to complete online quiz / unable to submit assignment before deadline) will not be accepted.
  10. Students are expected to back up their work at all times.  As such, extension requests due to computer issues (stolen, crashed, damaged etc.) will not be considered.
  11. Extension requests will NOT be approved for Group Assignments
  12. It is every student’s responsibility to ensure that their online submission is submitted successfully by the due date.  Accommodations will not be made for unsuccessful submissions due to, but not limited to: i) the system timing out ii) submitting the incorrect document(s) iii) poor internet connection / no internet connection etc.
  13. Holidays and pre-purchased plane tickets, family plans, your friend’s wedding, lack of preparation, or too many other tests/assignments are not acceptable excuses for missing a quiz, a test, an item of term work, or requesting an extension of time. Such requests will be denied.
  14. For extensions of time beyond the examination period you must submit a petition through the Office of the Registrar. https://www.utm.utoronto.ca/registrar/forms
How to Request an Accommodation In the Geography, Geomatics and Environment department, professors cannot grant extensions on term work or allow makeups for missed items. Instead, you must follow the following steps:
  1. You must submit an online Special Consideration Request using the following link: https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest within 24 hours. Note: The system only supports Microsoft Internet Explorer and Firefox for the time being.
  2. Students registered with Accessibility Services are also required to submit an online Special Consideration Request using the following link: https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest
  3. Email your course instructor.
  4. ACORN Absence Declaration Tool: Use of this new online declaration does not require supporting documentation and should be used in addition to the missed term work policy outlined in the course syllabus. Students can use this absence declaration tool only once per term. When using this tool, students should expect to receive reasonable academic consideration from their instructor without the need to present additional supporting documentation. In addition, Instructors may exclude one test or quiz from the one-time absence declaration, in which case the student would be required to provide supporting documentation. To submit a request: https://www.utm.utoronto.ca/registrar/utm-absence
Please note that students are required to submit their assignment/lab as soon as they are able and they should NOT wait for the decision of the committee. Number of days approved for an extension will be calculated from the original assignment due date. It is your responsibility to follow the appropriate procedures and submit requests for special consideration on time. Failure to do so may result in the committee denying your request. Should you require further information regarding Special Considerations, please contact the GGE Academic Advisor (advisor.gge.utm@utoronto.ca). Please note that the written explanation and documentation that you submit represents an appeal from you, requesting the opportunity to account for that portion of your grade in some other manner. If a special consideration request is not received, or if the special consideration request is denied, you will receive a grade of zero for the item you missed. If the special consideration request is granted – that is, your reason for missing the item is considered acceptable by the committee – your grade will be accommodated accordingly. A Departmental committee evaluates each request. Decisions will be communicated by email within two weeks of receipt of all completed documents. Note: It is your responsibility to ensure your email account is working and able to receive emails.  Claims that a Departmental decision was not received will NOT be considered as a reason for further consideration. Contact the GGE Academic Advisor (advisor.gge.utm@utoronto.ca), should you NOT receive notification of your decision within 2 weeks of submission.
Equity Statement and Academic Rights
The University of Toronto is committed to equity and respect for diversity. All members of the learning environment in this course should strive to create an atmosphere of mutual respect. As a course instructor, I will neither condone nor tolerate behaviour that undermines the dignity or self-esteem of any individual in this course and wish to be alerted to any attempt to create an intimidating or hostile environment. It is our collective responsibility to create a space that is inclusive and welcomes discussion. Discrimination, harassment and hate speech will not be tolerated. If you have any questions, comments, or concerns you may contact the UTM Equity and Diversity officer at edo.utm@utoronto.ca or the University of Toronto Mississauga Students’ Union Vice President Equity at vpequity@utmsu.ca. The Department of Geography, Geomatics, and Environment at the University of Toronto Mississauga strives to uphold a commitment to equity, diversity, and inclusiveness which requires that we:
  • address the complexity of our disciplines’ histories, and
  • hold ourselves and others to account in order to challenge how we, as individuals and as part of larger institutions, continue to perpetuate inequity and injustice as we seek to create a more equitable and inclusive future.
Geographical and environmental disciplines – both in science and social science – have complicated histories. As academic pursuits and as practical tools for research and teaching, our disciplines have played core roles in settler colonialism and the institutionalization of racism and white supremacy – in the displacement and dispossession of Indigenous peoples, racist immigration policies, and environmental injustices perpetrated against Indigenous and Black populations, among many other forms of oppression. As a department, as a collective, and as a group of colleagues, we recognize our shortcomings—but we also acknowledge our fundamental commitment to diversity and inclusion. We seek to cultivate a departmental culture that welcomes and supports our students, staff, and faculty with diverse education and experiential backgrounds into our community, especially those who belong to groups that are currently underrepresented in academia. We are committed to providing a fair, equitable, and mutually supportive learning and working environment for all students, staff, and faculty.
Academic Rights
You, as a student at UTM, have the right to:
  • Receive a syllabus by the first day of class.
  • Rely upon a syllabus once a course is started. An instructor may only change marks’ assignments by following the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy provision 1.3.
  • Refuse to use plagiarism detection tool (you must be offered an alternative form of submission).
  • Have access to your instructor for consultation during a course or follow up with the department chair if the instructor is unavailable.
  • Ask the person who marked your term work for a re-evaluation if you feel it was not fairly graded. You have up to one month from the date of return of the item to inquire about the mark. If you are not satisfied with a re-evaluation, you may appeal to the instructor in charge of the course if the instructor did not mark the work. If your work is remarked, you must accept the resulting mark. You may only appeal a mark beyond the instructor if the term work was worth at least 20% of the course mark.
  • Receive at least one significant mark (15% for H courses, 25% for Y courses) before the last day you can drop a course for H courses, and the last day of classes in the first week of January for Y courses taught in the Fall/Winter terms.
  • Submit handwritten essays so long as they are neatly written.
  • Have no assignment worth 100% of your final grade.
  • Not have a term test worth 25% or more in the last two weeks of class.
  • Retain intellectual property rights to your research.
  • Receive all your assignments once graded.
  • View your final exams. To see a final exam, you must submit an online Exam Reproduction Request within 6 months of the exam. There is a small non-refundable fee.
  • Privacy of your final grades.
  • Arrange for representation from Downtown Legal Services (DLS), a representative from the UTM Students’ Union (UTMSU), and/or other forms of support if you are charged with an academic offence.
Academic Integrity/Honesty or Academic Offenses
It is your responsibility as a student at the University of Toronto to familiarize yourself with, and adhere to, both the Code of Student Conduct and the Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters. This means, first and foremost, that you should read them carefully.
  • The Code of Student Conduct is available from the U of T Mississauga website (Registrar > Academic Calendar > Codes and Policies) or in your print version of the Academic Calendar.
  • The Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters is available from the U of T Mississauga website (Registrar > Academic Calendar > Codes and Policies) or in your print version of the Academic Calendar.
Another helpful document that you should read is How Not to Plagiarize, by M. Proctor. With regard to remote learning and online courses, UTM wishes to remind students that they are expected to adhere to the Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters regardless of the course delivery method. By offering students the opportunity to learn remotely, UTM expects that students will maintain the same academic honesty and integrity that they would in a classroom setting. Potential academic offences in a digital context include, but are not limited to:
  • Accessing unauthorized resources (search engines, chat rooms, Reddit, etc.) for assessments.
  • Using technological aids (e.g. software) beyond what is listed as permitted in an assessment.
  • Posting test, essay, or exam questions to message boards or social media.
  • Creating, accessing, and sharing assessment questions and answers in virtual “course groups.”
  • Working collaboratively, in-person or online, with others on assessments that are expected to be completed individually.
All suspected cases of academic dishonesty will be investigated following procedures outlined in the Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters. If you have questions or concerns about what constitutes appropriate academic behaviour or appropriate research and citation methods, you are expected to seek out additional information on academic integrity from your instructor or from other institutional resources.
University Plagiarism Detection Tool Conditions of Use Statement
“Normally, students will be required to submit their course essays to the University’s plagiarism detection tool for a review of textual similarity and detection of possible plagiarism. In doing so, students will allow their essays to be included as source documents in the tool’s reference database, where they will be used solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. The terms that apply to the University’s use of this tool are described on the Centre for Teaching Support & Innovation web site (https://uoft.me/pdt-faq).”
How to Query or Challenge a Mark
Please note that, according to UTM policy, you have one month from the date an item is returned to you, during which time you may query the mark or submit the item for remarking. Contact the Course Instructor in person or by email (@utoronto.ca) for all queries about course marks, or if you wish to challenge a mark. Absolutely no item will be remarked after the one-month period has passed. Material submitted for remarking must be accompanied by a brief written explanation detailing your reasons for dissatisfaction with the original mark (such as an addition error, or something you think the marker may have missed). The item may be returned first to the TA who originally marked it. If you are still dissatisfied, it may be passed on to the Course Instructor for reconsideration. If a remarking is granted by an instructor, the student must accept the resulting mark as the new mark, whether it goes up or down or remains the same.
Students with diverse learning styles and needs are welcome in our courses. In particular, if you have a disability/health consideration that may require accommodations, please approach UTM’s Accessibility Services as soon as possible. Accessibility staff (located in room 2037B, Davis Building) are available by appointment to assess specific needs, provide referrals, and arrange appropriate accommodations. Please call 905-569-4699 or email  access.utm@utoronto.ca. The sooner you let UTM’s Accessibility Services know your needs, the quicker they can assist you in achieving your learning goals.
Policy on Religious Observances
As noted in the Policy on Scheduling of Classes and Examinations and Other Accommodations for Religious Observances, the following provisions are included:
  • “It is the policy of the University of Toronto to arrange reasonable accommodation of the needs of students who observe religious holy days other than those already accommodated by ordinary scheduling and statutory holidays.
  • Students have a responsibility to alert members of the teaching staff in a timely fashion to upcoming religious observances and anticipated absences. Instructors will make every reasonable effort to avoid scheduling tests, examinations or other compulsory activities at these times. If compulsory activities are unavoidable, every reasonable opportunity should be given to these students to make up work that they miss, particularly in courses involving laboratory work. When the scheduling of tests or examinations cannot be avoided, students should be informed of the procedure to be followed to arrange to write at an alternate time.
  • It is most important that no student be seriously disadvantaged because of her or his religious observances. However, in the scheduling of academic and other activities, it is also important to ensure that the accommodation of one group does not seriously disadvantage other groups within the University community.”
  • With respect to minimum advance notice, the Policy provides that “Students have a responsibility to alert members of the teaching staff in a timely fashion to upcoming religious observances and anticipated absences.” Since students would normally be aware of upcoming religious observances as well as examination schedules in advance, a minimum of three weeks advance notice will be considered sufficient.
  • More information and some dates of potential relevance for the U of T community are available at viceprovoststudents.utoronto.ca/publicationsandpolicies/guidelines/religiousobservances.htm.
  • As with any academic accommodation request, students must submit an on-line Special Consideration Request @ https://utmapp.utm.utoronto.ca/SpecialRequest
RGASC Statement
The Robert Gillespie Academic Skills Centre (RGASC) is located in Room 3251 on the third floor of the Maanjiwe nendamowinan Building. The RGASC offers individual consultations, workshops (many CCR-accredited), and a wide range of programs to help students identify and develop the academic skills they need for success in their studies. Visit the RGASC website to explore their online resources, book an in-person or online appointment, or learn about other programming such as Writing Retreats, the Program for Accessing Research Training (PART), Mathematics and Numeracy Support, and dedicated resources for English Language Learners.
UTM Library’s Statement
The University of Toronto Libraries connect students with the world-class collections needed to successfully conduct research and complete assignments. At the UTM Library, located within the Hazel McCallion Academic Learning Centre, students will find dedicated support for their courses:

Lecture 1 (January 11): Introduction, Globalization and Changing Geographies
Lecture 2 (January 18): Processes of Global Shift 1
Lecture 3 (January 25): Processes of Global Shift 2
Lecture 4 (February 1): Processes of Global Shift 3
Lecture 5 (February 8): Winners and Losers 1
(February 15): Reading week- No class
Lecture 6 (February 22): Winners and Losers 2
Lecture 7 (March 1): Winners and Losers 3
Lecture 8 (March 8): Winners and Losers 4
Lecture 9 (March 15): Sectoral Pictures 1
Lecture 10 (March 22): Sectoral Pictures 2
Lecture 11 (March 29): Sectoral Pictures 3
Lecture 12 (April 5): Sectoral Pictures 4


Will COVID-19 End Globalization?” The Agenda with Steve Paikin (April 1).


Dicken, Ch. 1-2

Please look up Dicken’s “Glossary Terms and Definitions,” various “Chapter Resources” and “Selected Readings.”


Overview – Pandemic and Globalization
Hintze, Michael. 2020. “How the COVID-19 Crisis Could Spark an Era of Economic Self-Sufficiency.” Milken Institute (April 14).

Schneider-Petsinger, Marianne. 2020. “Globalization is Not a Binary Choice.” Chatham House (June 29).

Overview (before the Pandemic)
Brahm, Eric. 2005. “Globalization.” Beyond Intractability.org, July.

Guillén, Mauro F. 2001. “Is Globalization Civilizing, Destructive or Feeble? A Critique of Five Key Debates in the Social Science Literature.” Annual Review of Sociology 27: 235-260.

Perraton, Jonathan. 2001. “Review Essay: The Global Economy – Myths and Realities.” Cambridge Journal of Economics 25: 669-684.

Rosecrance, Richard and Peter Thompson. 2003. “Trade, Foreign Investment, and Security.” Annual Review of Political Science 6: 377-398.

Pandemics and the Case for More Globalization
Corcoran, Terry. 2020. “COVID-19 pandemic the product of bungled national government policies on massive global scale.” Financial Post (April 8).

Book, Joakin. 2020. “No, Capitalism Did not Fail.” AIER (April 7).

Griswold, Daniel. 2020. “Commentary: Curbing globalization would compound coronavirus damage.” Tribune News Service (TNS) (March 11).

Taylor, Peter Shawn. 2020. “Our Next Pandemic Policy Mistake: Self-Sufficiency In All Things.” C2C Journal (December 23).

Pethokoukis, James. 2020. “Don’t let more isolationism and autarky be the legacy of this pandemic.” AEIdeas (April 8).

Alden, Edward. 2020. “The World Needs to Reopen Borders Before It’s Too Late.” Foreign Policy (August 25).

Pandemics and the Case for Less Globalization
Shuman, Michael. H. 2020. “Comparative Resilience: 8 Principles for Post-COVID Reconstruction.” (Undated).

Helleiner, Eric. 2021. “The Return of National Self-Sufficiency? Excavating Autarkic Thought in a De-Globalizing Era.” International Studies Review.

Torkanovskiy, Evgeny. 2020. “AUTARKY 2.0: Global Ecological Agenda, COVID-19 Pandemic and New Normality.”

Pandemics and Globalization
Le Pan, Nicholas. 2020. “Visualizing the History of Pandemics.” Visual Capitalist (March 14).

Lloyd, Colin. 2020. “Is this the End of Globalization?” AIER (March 29).

Martin, Roger. 2020. “The Virus Shows that Making our Companies Efficient also made our Country Weak.” Washington Post (March 27).

Boudreaux, Don. 2020. “Free Trade and Globalization are Good for your Health.” AIER (March 23).

Tupy, Marian L. 2020. “Coronovirus and Human Progress. A Poorer World Would be a Sicker World. Let us hope that we have the wisdom to recognize that.” Human Progress (March 22).

Geloso, Vincent. 2020. “Globalization Does Not Increase Pandemic Risk.” AIER.

Milanovic, Branko. 2020. “The Real Pandemic Danger Is Social Collapse. As the Global Economy Comes Apart, Societies May, Too.” Foreign Affairs (March 19).

Boudreaux, Donald J. 2020. “The Top Economic Takeaway of the Coronavirus Panic.” AIER (March 18).

Gindin, Sam. 2020. “Inoculating Against Globalization: Coronavirus and the Search for Alternatives.” The Bullet (March 12).

LeGrain, Philippe. 2020. “The Coronavirus Is Killing Globalization as We Know It.” Foreign Policy (March 12).

Auerback, Marshall. 2020. “Coronavirus Exposes the Cracks in Globalization.” TruthDig (March 10).

Linton, Tom and Bindiya Vakil. 2020. “Coronavirus Is Proving We Need More Resilient Supply Chains.” Harvard Business Review (March 4).

Andrews, Kate. 2020. “Will Coronavirus Push Globalization into Reverse?” The Spectator (March 4).


International Business & Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Readings and Resources.

The Global Policy Forum on FDI and transnational corporations.

Chatham House – Global Trade Policy Forum.


– Cremona
Cremona, the Italian City of Violins.”

The Craftsmanship of Violin-Making at Cremona.”

Cremona the City of Stradivari, Guarneri, Amati.”

– Brill Building
– The Animals (1965) “We’ve Gotta Get Out Of This Place.”

– The Animals (1965) “It’s My Life.”

– Regional Development
PBS Newshour. 2019. “Why Millennials are Moving Away from Large Urban Centers.”

– Telecommuting
Good Morning America (ABC). 2013. “New Yahoo Rule Sparks Work-at-Home Debate.”

FORA TV (Wired). 2013. “Marissa Mayer Responds to Yahoo Work-from-Home Criticism.”

– Technological unemployment
Learn Liberty. 2014. Make Progress, Not Work (Econ Chronicles: Bryan Caplan) (May 6).

Dead Wrong® with Johan Norberg – More Robots, More Problems? (October 23, 2019).


Exceptionally for this lecture, the short written assignment does NOT include the textbook’s chapter 3.

Peter Dicken’s Global Shift (7th edition)
Chapter 3

Behrens, Kristian. 2013. “Manufacturing ‘Clusters’ Policy Unlikely to Drive Prosperity.” Globe and Mail (April 8).

Spencer, Luke J. Undated. “The Remnants of Tin Pan Alley: The one-time epicenter of American songwriting is now a little remembered Manhattan commercial block.” Atlas Obscura.

AcousticMusicOrg. Undated. “Tin Pan Alley / The Brill Building.”

Garofolo, Reebee. Undated. “The Brill Building: Assembly-Line Pop.” Encyclopedia Britannica.

Telecommuting vs Face-to-face Communication
Villanova University. 2019. “Telecommuting Benefits and Drawbacks for Employers.” (May 26).

Pickett, Patricia. 2019. “The Pros and Cons of Telecommuting.” Careers (May 14).

Cox, Wendell. 2020. “Highest Salaries for Software Developer Remote Work (Metro Areas).” New Geography (June 12).

Haider, Murtaza and Stephen Moranis. 2020. “Why Office Real Estate Landlords aren’t Panicking Just Yet.” Financial Post (June 4).

Schwartz, Richard. 2021. “The Death of Density? To survive and thrive, cities will have to overcome a number of formidable trends.” City Journal (March 29).

-COVID 2020: James Altchuler vs Jerry Seinfeld
Altchuler, James. 2020. “NYC is Dead Forever, Here’s Why.” LinkedIn (August 13).

Seinfeld, Jerry. 2020. “So You Think New York Is ‘Dead.’ (It’s not.)” The New York Times (August 24).

Alchuler, James. 2020. “Sorry, Seinfeld: Your love of NYC won’t change the facts about its crisis.” New York Post (August 24).

Exceptionally for this lecture, the short written assignment does NOT include the textbook’s chapter.

Dicken, chapter 4

Acemoglu, Daron and James Robinson. 2012. “How Marx Got It Wrong.” Why Nations Fail (Blog) (May 11).

Mraz, Stephen. 2018. “ASME’s 20th Century Milestones in Manufacturing.” Machine Design (April 20).

Technology and (Un)Employment
-Pessimists (Unemployment)
Wolf, Zachary. 2019. “The Robots are Coming for your Job, Too.” CNN (September 3).

West, Darrell M. 2018. “Will Robots and AI Take your Job? The economic and political consequences of automation.” Brooking Techtank (April 18).

Thompson, Derek. 2015. “A World Without Work. For centuries, experts have predicted that machines would make workers obsolete. That moment may finally be arriving. Could that be a good thing?” The Atlantic (July-August).

-Optimists (Employment)
Hazlitt, Henry. 2011 (1948). Economics in One Lesson. Ludwig von Mises Institute (Chapter 7: The Curse of Machinery).

DiMatteo, Livio. 2019. “New Technology Creates More, Better Jobs than it Costs. If anything, automation may lead to labor shortages.” The Quarterly (Fall 2019) 14-15.

Globerman, Steven. 2019. “Artificial Intelligence Will Kill Jobs-and Create Them.” The Quarterly (Fall): 2-3.

Vallée, Luc and Gaël Campan. 2019. “Artificial Intelligence will Create more Jobs than it Displaces – and Better Ones.” The Globe & Mail (November 4).

Dicken, chapters 5 and 6.


Information Technologies and Geographical Space
– Historical perspective
Wenzlhuemera, Roland. “The dematerialization of telecommunication: communication centres and peripheries in Europe and the world, 1850-1920.” Journal of Global History (2007), 2:345-372.

Feldman, Maryann. 2002. “The Internet Revolution and the Geography of Innovation.” International Social Science Journal 54 (2): 47-54.

Morgan 2004. “The Exaggerated Death of Geography: Learning, Proximity and Territorial Innovation Systems.” Journal of Economic Geography 4 (1): 3-21.

-École de Paris
Wikipedia. “School of Paris,” “La Ruche” and “Bateau-Lavoir.”

Sotheby’s. 2020. “The Evolution of the School of Paris” (May 8) Impressionist & Modern Art.

Arts and Architecture, Mainly. 2019, “The Most Famous Artists’ Colony in Paris – La Ruche.”

Marcum, Todd. Undated. “Telecommuting vs Face-to-Face Communication.” Access.

MacDonald, Glen M. 2016. “The End(s) of Geography?AAG Newsletter.

Dixon, Nancy. 2015. “Combining Virtual and Face-to-Face Work.” Harvard Business Review (July 1).

Caramela, Sammi. 2018. “Communication Technology and Inclusion Will Shape the Future of Remote Work.” Business News Daily (Dec. 27).

Stevenson, Gary. 2017. “Working from Home: The Benefits and Drawbacks of Telecommuting.” OSG (May 25).

-Pro Telecommuting
Corzo, Cynthia. 2019. “Telecommuting Positively Impacts Job Performance, Study Finds.” Phys.org (February 27).

Bakken. Rebecca. Undated. “Challenges to Managing Virtual Teams and How to Overcome Them.” Harvard Extension School Blog.

Mautz, Scott. Undated. “A 2-Year Stanford Study Shows the Astonishing Productivity Boost of Working From Home.” Inc.

Snir, David. 2020. “All remote or all office. Hybrids are problematic.” Remotely Working (July 30).

Snir, David. 2020. “Recreating the office chance-meetings.” Remotely Working (July 17).

Snir, David. 2020. “The Long, Unhappy History of Working From Home? An article published this week at the New York Times claims working from home will never worked. Let’s talk about that.” Remotely Working (July 3).

-Pro Face-to-face Communication
Mokhtarian, Patricia L. 2009. “If Telecommunication is such a Good Substitute for Travel, Why does Congestion Continue to Get Worse?Transportation Letters 1(1): 1-17.

Salyer, Kirsten. 2013. “Yahoo’s Risky Work-From-Home Memo.” Bloomberg News (February 26).

Swisher, Kara. 2013. ““Physically Together”: Here’s the Internal Yahoo No-Work-From-Home Memo for Remote Workers and Maybe More.” AllThingsD (February 22).

Grenny, Joseph and David Maxfield. 2017. “A Study of 1,100 Employees Found That Remote Workers Feel Shunned and Left Out.” Harvard Business Review (2017).

Useem, Jerry. 2017. “When Working From Home Doesn’t Work. IBM pioneered telecommuting. Now it wants people back in the office.” The Atlantic (November).

CommPRO Global Inc. 2017. “Why IBM Brought Remote Workers Back to the Office, and Why Your Company May Be Next.” Equities.com (October 25).

Irvine, James. 2019. “Why Big Companies are Turning their Back on Telecommuting in Favor of the Fastest, Most Reliable Communication Technology: Face-to-face Conversation.” TAG (February 27).

Sander, Libby. 2019. “It’s not just the Isolation. Working from home has surprising downsides.” The Conversation (January 14).

Greetly. 2018. “5 Benefits of Working in the Modern Office vs Telecommuting.” (February 27).

Orbi, Ryan. 2021. “Salesforce sticking with plans for 60-story Chicago tower, despite telling workers they can work remotely after COVID-19.” Chicago Tribune (February 10).

Streitfeld, David. 2020. “The Long, Unhappy History of Working From Home.” New York Times (June 29) [Denver Post, June 30].

– Urbanization and Globalization
Cities and growth: Lump together and like it.” The Economist, November 6, 2008.

Carlino, Gerald A. 2005. “The economic role of cities in the 21st century,” Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, issue Q3, pages 9-15.

Sorman, Guy. 2010. “The Silicon Lining.” City Journal, Vol. 20, no 2.

Warsh, David. 2006. “Secrets of Silicon Valley.” economicprincipals.com, March 26.

Laskow, Sarah. 2016. “Here Are the Real Boundaries of American Metropolises, Decided by an Algorithm.” Atlas Obscura (November 30).

Morgan, Kevin. 2004. “The Exaggerated Death of Geography: Learning, Proximity and Territorial Innovation Systems.” Journal of Economic Geography 4 (1): 3-21.

Technological (Un)Employment
Campa, Riccardo. 2018. “Technological Unemployment. A Brief History of An Idea.” Orbis Idearum 6 (2): 57-80.

McKinsey Global Institute. 2017. Jobs Lost, Jobs Gained: What the future of work will mean for jobs, skills, and wages.

Smith, Aaron and Janna Anderson. 2014. “AI, Robotics, and the Future of Jobs.” PEW Research Center (August 6).

Woirol, Gregory R. 1996. The Technological Unemployment and Structural Unemployment Debates, Praeger, ISBN 978-0313298929.

Hayek podcast. 2019. Glen Weyl on the Myths and Benefits of Automation.

Ford, Martin. 2015. “The Rise of the Robots: Is this Time Different?” LinkedIn (December 5).

Globerman, Steven. 2019 (ed). Technology, Automation and and Employment. Will this Time be Different? Fraser Institute.

Metten, Nico. 2018. “Answering Jordan Peterson on Low IQ Productivity.” Libertarian Home (May 23).

Mabry, R. H. and A. D. Sharplin. 1986. “Does More Technology Create Unemployment?Policy Analysis No. 68 (Cato Institute).

Bartlett, Bruce. 1984. “Is Industrial Innovation Destroying Jobs?Cato Journal 4 (2): 625-650 (See also Yeager, Leland B. 1984. “Is Industrial Innovation Destroying Jobs?: A Comment.” Cato Journal 4 (2) : 645- 650).

Frey, Carl Benedikt and Osborne, Michael A. 2017. “The future of employment: How susceptible are jobs to computerisation?” Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 114: 254-280. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2016.08.019.

Kim, Young Joon, Kim, Kyungsoo and Lee, SuKyoung. 2017. “The Rise of Technological Unemployment and its Implications on the Future Macroeconomic Landscape.” Futures 87: 1-9.

Piva, Mariacristina, Vivarelli, Marco. 2017. “Technological Change and Employment: Were Ricardo and Marx Right?” Institute of Labor Economics.

Miailhe, Nicolas. 2017. “The Policy Challenges of Automation.” FACTS Reports.

Dreyfuss, Emily. 2017. “Hate to Break It to Steve Mnuchin, But AI’s Already Taking Jobs.” Wired (March 24).

Illing, Sean. 2016. “Why we need to plan for a future without jobs.” Vox (November 24).

Ford, Martin. 2015. Rise of the Robots: Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future. Basic Books.

Leonard, Andrew. 2014. “Robots are Stealing your Job: How technology threatens to wipe out the middle class.” Salon (January 17).

Rotman, David. 2013. “How Technology is Destroying Jobs.” MIT Technology Review (June 12).

Rifkin, Jeremy. 1995. The End of Work: The Decline of the Global Labor Force and the Dawn of the Post-Market Era. Tarcher-G.P. Putnam’s Sons.

Offshore Outsourcing
Trefler, Daniel and Elhanan Helpman. 2010. “Canadian Policy Responses to Offshore Outsourcing” in Daniel Trefler (ed.) Offshore Outsourcing: Capitalizing on Lessons Learned. Toronto: Rotman School of Management and Industry Canada, pp. 1.1-1.30.

Trefler, Daniel and Elhanan Helpman. 2010. “The New World Division of Labor.” In Offshore Outsourcing: Capitalizing on Lessons Learned in Daniel Trefler (ed.) Offshore Outsourcing: Capitalizing on Lessons Learned. Toronto: Rotman School of Management and Industry Canada, pp. 2.1-2.25.

Trefler, Daniel. 2006. “Service Offshoring: Threats and Opportunities.” In Susan M. Collins and Lael Brainard. Brookings Trade Forum 2005: Offshoring White-Collar Work, Brookings Institution Press, pp. 35-60.

Trefler, Daniel 2005. “Think Globally, Invest Locally: Responding to the Rise of Offshoring.” Rotman Magazine (Fall): 42-45. (Full-length version at Industry Canada Working Paper Series #2006-01 click here. Powerpoint slide show click here.

Container Shipping and Information Technologies
Hummels, David L. 2007. “Transportation Costs and International Trade in the Second Era of Globalization.” Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 21(3), pages 131-154, Summer.

Jung, Alexander. 2005. “The Box That Makes the World Go Round.” Spiegel, November 25.

Zuckerman, Ethan. “The ley lines of globalization.” My heart’s in Accra, October 20, 2010.

Grackin, Ann. 2006. “The Interview with Marc Levinson – Getting into The Box.” ChainLink Research, August 14.

Postrel, Virginia. 2006. “The Box that Changed the World.” Dynamist Blog, March 23.

Stueck, Wendy. 2008. “The Great Container Crunch.” The Globe and Mail, May 19.

Rolan, Alex. 2007. “Containers and Causality.” Technology & Culture 48 (2): 386-392.

Schmid, William J. 2007 Review of Arthur Donovan and Joseph Bonney’s The Box That Changed the World: Fifty Years of Container Shipping- An Illustrated History. H-Maritime, H-Net Reviews.

Kondratieff Cycles
Rothbard, M. N. 1984. “The Kondratieff Cycle: Real or Fabricated?,” LewRockwell.com.

Williams, Walter. 2003. “Foreign Trade Angst.” TownHall.com, August 27.

Drezner, Daniel. 2004. “The Outsourcing Bogeyman.” Foreign Affairs, May/June.

Mankiw, Gregory. 2006. “Outsourcing Redux.” Greg Mankiw’s Blog. May 7.

Pink, Daniel H. 2006. “I Heart Outsourcing.” Wired, Issue 14.12 December.

Roberts, Russell. 2007. “Remember When They Were Going to Take All Our Jobs?Café Hayek, April 08.

Varian, Hal R. 2007. “An iPod Has Global Value. Ask the (Many) Countries That Make It.” The New York Times, June 18.

Warsh, David. 2006. “Brave New World?Economic Principals, December 3.

Amiti, Mary, and Wei, Shang-Jin. 2004. “Fear of Service Outsourcing: Is it Justified?NBER Working Paper 10808.

Bartlett, Bruce. 2004. “The debate over outsourcing needs some facts,” www.townhall.com, October 12.

Boland, Brian, and Block, Walter. “The Benefits of Outsourcing.” The Freeman: Ideas on Libety, January 1997.

Cowen, Tyler, and Irons, John. 2004. “The Rise of Outsourcing.” The Wall Street Journal, November 9.

Drusilla K. Brown, Alan V. Deardorff and Robert M. Stern. 2003. The Effects of Multinational Production on Wages and Working Conditions in Developing Countries. NBER Working Paper No.w9669.

Mankiw, N. Gregory, and Phillip Swagel. “The Politics and Economics of Offshore Outsourcing.” March 2006.

Roque, Josephine. 2006. “Study: Outsourcing Raises U.S. Wages.” All Headline News, August 26.

Irwin, Douglas A. “Free Trade Agreements and Customs Unions” in The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

Irwin, Douglas A. 2001. “A Brief History of International Trade Policy.” The Library of Economics and Liberty, Nov. 26.

Drucker, Peter F. 1997. “The Global Economy and the Nation-State.” Foreign Affairs 76 (5).

Ó Riain, Seán. 2000. “States and Markets in an Era of Globalization.” Annual Review of Sociology 26: 187-213.

Sassen, Saskia. 2003. “States and Citizens in Global Governance.” Paper presented at the Globalization, the State, and Society Conference, November 13-14, Washington University School of Law, Center for Interdisciplinary Studies.

MacKenzie, Richard. “Industrial Policy.” The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

Pirie, Madsen. “Privatization.” The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

Cluster Policy
Oki, Yuko. 2018. “Creating Commodities Based on the Design Thinking.” Athens Journal of Business & Economics 4 (3): 241-258.

Oki, Yuko. 2010. “The Competitive Advantage of the Violin Industrial Cluster in Cremona.” SSRN.


Levinson, Marc. 2006. “The Box: How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger.” Princeton University Press, April.

Smil, Vaclav. 2010. Prime Movers of GlobalizationThe History and Impact of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines. MIT Press.

BBC News. 2010. Special Report: The Box

Global Policy Forum on Nations and States

Economic Policy Institute, Issue Guide, Offshoring

Global Trade Watch on Offshoring

Reason Public Policy Institute’s Offshore Outsourcing Resource Center

The Conference Board of Canada e-Library


BBC 4. 2010. Hans Rosling’s 200 Countries, 200 Years, 4 Minutes – The Joy of Stats

Learn Liberty. 2014. Everything’s Amazing and Nobody’s Happy (Econ Chronicles: Bryan Caplan) (May 13).

Learn Liberty. 2014. Make Progress, Not Work (Econ Chronicles: Bryan Caplan) (May 6).

 “Thatcher’s Last Stand Against Socialism.”

Wall Street (1987 movie). “Teldar Paper/ Greed is Good” speech.

Lang & O’Leary Exchange. 2014. “Income Inequality Debate – Part 2” (January).

Learn Liberty. 2012. Top 3 Ways Sweatshops Help The Poor Escape Poverty (Matt Zwolinski) (June 8).

Learn Liberty. 2013. “How to Fight Global Poverty. (Stephen Davies)

Johan Norberg’s 2010 Free or Equal – Free to Choose 30 years 
– Part 3/5 
– Part 4/5 (8:00-11:23)


Dicken, chapters 7-8

Dicken, chapter 9

Lucas, Monica and Matthew La Corte. 2014. “6 Reasons We Don’t Know How Good We Have It.” The Freeman (December 30).

Exceptionally for this lecture, the short written assignment will be based on EITHER
“Historical Perspective” and “Health and Other Material Facts”
” Pessimists/Critics, “Optimists” and “(Optimists on inequality)”

Broader perspective on controversial topics
– Historical Perspective
Horwitz, Steven. 2015. “The Nightmare of Living in the Past.” Fee.org (October 20).

Boudreaux, Donald J. 2017. “You Are Richer than John D. Rockefeller. How much money would it take for you to live 100 years ago?” Fee.org (April 22).

Plummer, Kevin. 2014. “Historicist: The Horse’s Reign. At the turn of the 20th century, urban life moved at the pace of the horse.” Torontoist (March 8).

– Health and Other Material Facts
DeGregori, Thomas R. 2005. “Quietly, Invisibly, Ominously Getting Healthier and Healthier.” HealthFactsAndFears.com, September 30.

Cohen, Patricia. 2011. “Technology Advances; Human Supersize.” The New York Times (April 26).

Kolata, Gina. 2006. “So Big and Healthy Granpa Wouldn’t Even Know You.” The New York Times (July 30).

Rector, Robert and Rachel Sheffield. 2011. Air Conditioning, Cable TV, and an Xbox: What Is Poverty in the United States Today? Backgrounder #2575, Heritage Foundation (Executive Summary).

– Pessimists/Critics
Worstall, Tim. 2020. “What’s Really Behind Oxfam’s Big Inequality Report?CapX (January 20).

Hickel, Jason. 2014. “Exposing the Great ‘Poverty Reduction’ Lie.” Al Jazeera (August 21).

Burkeman, Oliver. 2017. “Is the World Really Better Than Ever?The Guardian (July 28).

United Nations Development Programme. 2019. Human Development Report 2019: Beyond income, beyond averages, beyond today: Inequalities in human development in the 21st century.
Press Release
Reader’s Guide

– Optimists
Norberg, Johan. 2016. “And the Poor Shall Rise.” Spiked Review (December).

Roser, Max. 2017. “No Matter What Extreme Poverty Line You Choose, The Share of People Below That Poverty Line Has Declined Globally.” Our World in Data (April 5).

Hammond, Alex. 2017. “The World’s Poorest People Are Getting Richer Faster than Anyone Else.” Fee.org (October 27).

Hughes, Charles. 2017. “We’re Seeing Massive Reductions in Global Poverty. Today, one person escapes extreme poverty every second.” Fee.org (June 19).

(Optimists on inequality)
Lomborg, Bjørn. 2017. “Oxfam’s Upside Down Inequality Study.” USA Today (January 17). 

Cheang, Bryan. 2017. “Stop Conflating Inequality with Poverty.” Fee.org (September 21).

Henderson, David. 2020. “The Truth About Income Inequality: Should we be worried about the wealth amassed by the so-called 1 percent?Reason (February).

Dicken, chapters 10-11


Charles Duhigg and Keith Bradsher. 2012. “How the U.S. Lost Out on iPhone Work.” New York Times (January 21).

LeRoy, Sylvia, & Amela Karabegovic. 2006. “Economic Growth Has Halved World Poverty.” Fraser Forum, November, p. 15-19.

McCloskey, D. N. Forthcoming. “The Industrial Revolution” [The Industrial Revolution and Liberty] in The Handbook of Libertarianism.

Global Economic Inequality – More or Less Equal?The Economist, March 11, 2004.

Pessimistic on poverty? By invitation: Martin Ravallion.” The Economist, April 7, 2004.

Maxim Pinkovskiy & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, “Parametric estimations of the world distribution of income.” Vox, 22 January 2010.

Sala-i-Martin, Xavier. 2006. “Falling Poverty and Income Inequality: A Global Phenomenon.” Fraser Institute, October.

Zettelmeyer, Jeromin. 2003. “Bhalla Versus the World Bank: An Outsider’s Perspective,” Finance and Development 40 (2): 50-53.

Peron, James. 2006. “The Global Poor Are Getting Richer, Faster.” Tech Central Station, December 13.

Maxmen, Amy. 2016. “The Myth Buster: Hans Rosling is on a Mission to Save the World from Preconceived Ideas.” Nature 540 (7633) : 330-333.

Maxim Pinkovskiy and Xavier Sala-i-Martin. 2010. “African Poverty is Falling… Much Faster than You Think.” Vox (December 6).

Perry, Mark. 2014. “It’s the Greatest Achievement in Human History, and One you Probably never Heard About.” Carpe Diem Blog (AEI) (November 3).

Mokyr, Joel.  2014. “What Today’s Economic Gloomsayers Are Missing.” The Wall Street Journal (August 8). (UofT students can access this text through the Factiva database on the UofT Library website).


Our World in Data (various entries)

Bhalla, Surjit. 2002. Imagine There’s No Country: Poverty, Inequality, and Growth in the Era of Globalization. Washington: Institute for International Economics (A videoconference where the author discusses the content of his book is available on the Web).

Various reactions to economist Xavier Sala-i-Martin’s work on poverty, inequality and the world distribution of income.

The Global Poverty Mapping Project

Global Economic Prospects 2007: Managing the Next Wave of Globalization

Maddison Project (historical economic stastistics)


Big Think. 2021. Textiles: Humanity’s early tech boom | Virginia Postrel (April 25).

Potatoes from Egypt.”

TV Choice Films. 2011. Inside a Factory 6: The Global Car.

2013. “Container Shipping: The World in a Box.” Financial Times(Mary 14).

CNBC. 2012 “UPS/FedEx: Inside the Package Wars.” (About the show).

Penske Logistics. 2012. Penske Logistics and Ford Motor Company’s European Supply Chain Case Study 

UPS. 2011. We Love Logistics.

  1. P. Carey School of Business (Arizona State University). 2010. “What is Supply Chain Management.” 

Official FedEx YouTube Channel. 2010. “Inside the FedEx Memphis “Super Hub”.”


Dicken, chapters 12 and 14

Nulle, Grant. 2005. “Bush Battles the Chinese Sock Threat.” Mises Institute, December 29.

Postrel, Virginia. Undated. “Losing the Thread. Older than bronze and as new as nanowires, textiles are technology – and they have remade our world time and again.” Aeon.

Dicken, chapter 13

Moulton, Jessica. 2017. The Future of Grocery-in Store and Online, McKinsey and Company, Podcast transcript, June.

Stefan Van Rompaey, Stefan. 2017. “Seven Predictions about the Future of Supermarkets.” Retail Detail (June 8).

Sweeney, Jennifer. 2019. “The Future of Food Retail Points to Fresh Formats and Dollar Stores.” Grocery Dive (September 11).

Askew, Katy. “2019 and Beyond: Six trends shaping the supermarket of the future.” Food Navigator (January 2).

Dicken, chapter 15

Dicken, chapters 16-17


Agro-food industries
The Nielsen Company. 2015. The Future of Grocery E-Commerce: Digital Technology and Changing Shopping Preferences Around the World.

Desrochers, Pierre and Kevin Brookes. 2018. “The Miracle of Supermarkets – The Perspective of the Austrian School of Economics” (with Kevin Brookes). Montreal Economic Institute (November).

Ebner, Tanja and Jens Torchalla. 2019. “The Future Supermarket” Oliver Wyman. (excerpts).

Automobile industry
Blank, Steve. 2011. “Apple’s Marketing Playbook Was Written in the 1920s.” The Atlantic (October 26).

Boldt, David. “Does ‘Made in America’ Still Mean Anything? And can a global industry be local?” edmunds.com.

Reynolds, Alan. 2006. “Car Competition: Make More Vroom.” Cato Institute, October 6.

Griswold, Daniel T. 2006. “Blowing Exhaust: Detroit’s Woes Belie a Healthy U.S. Auto Market.” Free Trade Bulletin, No. 22, July 27.

Griswold, Daniel T. 2005. “GM’s Woes Are Homemade, Not Imported.” Center for Trade Policy Studies at the Cato Institute, November 23.


Automobile industry
Griswold, Daniel T. 2006. “A Healthy U.S. Auto Market.” Cato Daily Dispatch (Cato Institute), August 28.

GGR 333 – Energy & Society, lecture 11: The Future of the Automobile

Cité de l’Automobile – Car Museum, Alsace France

Logistics and distribution
Companion website to Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Claude Comtois and Brian Slack (2009). The Geography of Transport Systems. Routledge.