Pierre Desrochers

GGR 333 – Energy and Society – Germany’s Energiewende


Wikipedia – Energiewende

Clean Energy Wire. Undated. Germany’s Energiewende – The Easy Guide (browse) (see especially The History of the Energiewende).

Federal Government (Germany). Climate Action Programme 2030.

McKinsey & Company. 2019. “Germany’s Energy Transition at a Crossroads.” (November).

International Energy Agency. 2020. Germany 2020.

Joas, Fabian. 2017. Challenges of the Energiewende from a Policy Analysis Perspective: Understanding the goals and improving the policy instruments of Germany’s energy Transition. D. phil. Dissertation, Technischen Universität Berlin. 

Eloy, Álvarez Pelegry, Iñigob Ortiz Martínez and Jaimec Menéndez Sánchez. 2016. The German energy transition (Energiewende). Policy, Energy Transformation and Industrial Development. Orkestra (May). 

Evans, Simon. 2016. “Timeline: The past, present and future of Germany’s Energiewende.” CarbonBrief (September 21). 

Hockenos, Paul. 2015. “Milestones of the German Energiewende.” Clean Energy Wire (June 16).

Recent News

Exner-Pinot, Heather. 2022. “Canada is hoarding its resources. Our allies have noticedNational Post (August 24).

Harvey, Fiona and Jennifer Rankin. 2022. “Risk of ‘conflict and strife’ in Europe over energy crisis, EU deputy warns.The Guardian (July 8).

Seabrook, Victoria. 2022. “‘Bitter but necessary’: Germany turns to coal to replace Russian gas.” Sky News (June 19).

Oakes, Mary. 2022. “Germany shutting down all six of its nuclear power plants by end of 2022 amid energy crisis.” Westphalian Times (January 6).

Bailey, Ronald. 2022. “Germany Shuts Down Three Perfectly Good Nuclear Power Plants. Teutonic carbon dioxide emissions and electricity prices are projected to increase as a result.” Reason.com (January 4).

Von der Burchard, Hans. 2021. “Germany will ‘probably miss’ climate targets for 2022.”

Exner-Pinot, Heather. 2022. “Canada is hoarding its resources. Our allies have noticedNational Post (August 24).

Harvey, Fiona and Jennifer Rankin. 2022. “Risk of ‘conflict and strife’ in Europe over energy crisis, EU deputy warns.The Guardian (July 8).

Seabrook, Victoria. 2022. “‘Bitter but necessary’: Germany turns to coal to replace Russian gas.” Sky News (June 19).

Reuters 2021. “Germany slashes energy surcharge to help consumers weather soaring prices.” (October 15).

Global Warming Policy Forum. 2021. “GWPF accuses Government of driving up electricity prices and energy poverty.” Press Release (February 15).

Reuters Staff. 2021. “German Power Export surplus Shrank 46.2% in 2020.” Reuters News (January 4).


– Substantial documents

Cunningham, Thomas et al. 2018. Assessing the Energiewende. An International Expert Review. Konrad Adenauer Stiftung

The German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

Morris, Craig and Martin Pehnt. 2016. The German Energiewende Book. Heinrich Böll Foundation (PDF).

Sonnenschein, J., & Hennicke, P. (Eds.) (2015). The German Energiewende. A transition towards an efficient, sufficient Green Energy Economy. International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics, Lund University

Stable Policies, Turbulent Markets-Germany’s Green Industrial Policy: The costs and benefits of promoting solar PV and wind energy, International Institute for Sustainable Development (2014)

Merdan, Ersin. 2018. “Has Energiewende been Successful since its Inception?” AA Energy (October 9). 

Gordon, Jeremy. 2018. “Three Things the Nuclear Industry can Learn from Energiewende.” LinkedIn (July 16). 

Bößner, Stefan. 2016. Turning Energy Around: Coal and the German Energiewende. Stockholm Environment Institute Discussion Brief. 

Rechsteiner, Rudolf. 2021. “German energy transition (Energiewende) and what politicians can learn for environmental and climate policy.” Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 23, 305–342.

– Shorter pieces

Parkinson, Giles. 2015. “Graphs of the Day: The success of Germany’s energy transition.” RenewEconomy (January 29). 


– Substantial documents

Center for Industrial Progress. Undated. “Little-known Facts about Germany’s Solar and Wind Experiment.” 

Vernunftkraft. 2018. Compendium for a Sensible Energy Policy (English) (June).

Vahrenholt, Fritz. 2017. Germany’s Energiewende: A disaster in the making (February).

– Shorter pieces

Bell, Larry. 2022. “Germany’s Green Energy Fixation Should Teach US a Lesson.” Cornwall Alliance (May 27).

Robinson, Quill. 2022. “Germany’s Failed Bid to Be the Global Climate Leader.

Nuclear power wasn’t green enough for German leaders, so now they depend on energy from Russia.” Reason (February 1).

Stop these Things. 2015. “Germany’s Wind Power Surges Plunge Their Neighbours into Darkness.” (August 15).

Smil, Vaclav. 2020. “Energiewende, 20 Years Later.” IEEE Spectrum (December): 22-23.

McTague, Dan. 2020. “Germany’s Rising Energy Prices are a Cautionary Tale for Canada.” Canadians for Affordable Energy (June 10).

Stop the Things. 2020. “Dark Ages Transition: Wind & Solar Obsessed Germans Left Freezing in the Dark.” (March 8).

Shellenberger, Michael 2019. “Reason Renewables Can’t Power Modern Civilization Is Because They Were Never Meant To.” Forbes (May 6).

Dohmen, Frank et al. 2019. “Climate Stasis: German Failure on the Road to a Renewable Future.” Der Spiegel (May 13). 

Eckert, Vera. 2019. “Does Renewables Pioneer Germany Risk Running out of Power?” Reuters (July 18). 

Gosselin, P. 2018. “Green Failure: German Solar Industry Crashes And Burns.Solar Jobs See Blood Bath!” No Tricks Zone (April 21).

Oroschakoff, Kalina. 2018. “Germany’s Green Energy Shift is more Fizzle than Sizzle. Despite spending billions, it is falling behind other European countries.” Politico (March 23).

Lundseng, Oddvar, Hans Johnsen and Stein Bergsmark. 2018. “Germany’s Green Transition has Hit a Brick Wall.” CFACT (December 20).

Peiser, Benny. 2017. “Mugged by Reality, Germany’s Climate Consensus is Collapsing.” GWPF Opinion (November 20).

Editorial Board. 2017. “Germany’s Green Energy Meltdown. Voters promised a virtuous revolution get coal and high prices instead.” Wall Street Journal (November 18). 

Tupy, Marian. 2017. “The Coming German Energy Crisis. An overcommitment to renewables has already had negative consequences.” Reason (March 21).

Martin, Richard. 2016. “Germany Runs Up Against the Limits of Renewables. Even as Germany adds lots of wind and solar power to the electric grid, the country’s carbon emissions are rising. Will the rest of the world learn from its lesson?” MIT Technology Review (May 24).

Noon, Marita. 2016. “Earth Day’s anti-fossil fuel focus could plunge millions into green energy poverty.” CFACT Insights (April 18).

Canadian Nuclear Association. 2014. “Germany Replaces Nuclear with Coal, GHGS Skyrocket.” (October).

Rich, Howard. 2013. “Germany’s Green Energy Disaster: A Cautionary Tale For World Leaders.” Forbes (March 14).

Smil, Vaclav. 2014. “Germany’s Energy Goals Backfire.” The American (February 14).

Gosselin, P. 2012. “From Rescuing The Climate To Rescuing The Economy – Germany’s Energy Transition Goes Into Reverse.” NoTricksZone (January).