Pierre Desrochers

GGR 333 – Energy and Society – Pipeline Politics (Canada)

Crude Oil and Oil Sands – Keystone XL, Line 5, Trans Mountain and Energy East
Natural Gas – Coastal GasLink

Technical Issues
Pipelines in Canada: Everything you need to know (aboutpipelines.com)

Why does Canada import foreign oil? – About Pipelines

Why does Canada export crude oil? – About Pipelines

Aliakbari, Elmira and Ashley Stedman. 2019. The Cost of Pipeline Constraints in Canada, 2019. Fraser Institute

NEB. 2018. Western Canadian Crude Oil Supply, Markets, and Pipeline Capacity (December)

Orland, Kevin. 2018. “$20 oil? Welcome to Canada, Where Crude Prices Haven’t Recovered.” Financial Post (October 12).

Hopper, Tristan. 2018. “Why has Canada Spent Billions of Dollars buying Saudi Arabian Oil?” Financial Post (August 8).

Pipeline vs Rail Transport
Green, Kenneth and Taylor Jackson. 2015. “Rail is Quite Safe, but Pipelines are the Safest Way to Transport Oil and Gas.” Financial Post (August 14).

Green, Ken.2014. “New Brunswick Derailment Highlights: Rail Vs Pipeline Tradeoffs.” Fraser Forum (Spring): 14-15.

Bakx, Kyle. 2019. “‘It’s Not Working Too Good’ – inside Alberta’s crude-by-rail dilemma. Oilpatch CEOs want to put idle rail cars to use, but face mandated production limit.” CBC News (July 19).  

Opposition to Pipelines
-Economic and Environmental Issues
Scharper, Stephen B. 2016. “Moving Away from a Pipeline Economy: Scharper. ” Toronto Star (February 1).

Levine, Steve. 2014. “Canada doesn’t need a Pipeline to the US to Exploit its Oil Sands.” Quartz (January 31).

Committee for a Study of Pipeline Transportation of Diluted Bitumen et al. 2013. TRB Special Report 311: Effects of Diluted Bitumen on Crude Oil Transmission Pipelines – Overview. National Academies Press.

Smil, Vaclav. 2011. “Obama’s Indefensible Pipeline Punt.” The American (November 15).

Morgan, Gwyn. 2019. “Killing the ‘Tar Sands’ with American Money and Canadian Saboteurs.” C2C (March 23).

Cattaneo, Claudia, Geoffrey Morgan and Jesse Snyder. 2018. “Arrested Development. How a new breed of activist is damaging economic growth, one project at a time.” Financial Post.

Horn, Steve. 2012. “Warren Buffett Exposed: The Oracle of Omaha and the Tar Sands.” DeSmog Blog (February 3)

Specific Projects (Canada)
Morgan, Gwyn. 2020. “Where’s The Veto For Common Sense?” C2C (February 4).

Coastal GasLink (TC Energy)

Wikipedia – Coastal GasLink Pipeline

Technical Issues
Kurjata, Andrew. 2020. “Why Coastal GasLink says it rejected a pipeline route endorsed by Wet’suwet’en hereditary chiefs.” CBC News (February 16).

Biezmaa, M.A. et al. 2020. “Most Fatal Oil & Gas Pipeline Accidents through History: A lessons learned approach.” Engineering Failure Analysis 110: 104446.

Wet’suwet’en Hereditary Chief. 2020. “No Access Without Consent” (February 7).

Willcocks, Paul. 2020. “Politicians and Columnists Still Don’t Seem to Get the Wet’suwet’en Crisis, so Let’s Review. A look at the governance, and what a treaty might do.” The Tyee (February 25).

Wood, Stephanie. 2020. “How the Wet’suwet’en crisis could have played out differently. Amid escalating tensions and armed RCMP responses, leaders say Canada must abide by the ‘rule of law.’ But what about Indigenous law?” The Narwhal (February 20).

UofT Department of Geography & Planning Wet’suwet’en Solidarity Letter.

Raibmon, Paige. 2020. “Hiding Behind the Myth of One ‘Rule of Law.’ Indigenous law exists. The courts have recognized it. The Wet’suwet’en are following it.” The Tyee (February 18).

Palmater, Pamela. 2020. “Wet’suwet’en: a wake-up call for Canada.” Now (February 27).

Selley, Chris. 2020. “Ottawa Hands Wet’suwet’en Hereditary Chiefs Total Victory, While Band Members Lose.” National Post (May 21).

Bakx, Kyle. 2020. “‘It’s none of their business’: The Wet’suwet’en people who want the protesters to stop.” CBC News (February 20).

The JLS Report
– “People who say stupid things like give us back our land by Wun Feather” (February 24).
– “Introducing Gulaxkan (The Bear That Sleeps All Winter Long) also known as Rita George” (February 23).
– “Wolves in Fancy Blankets” (February 16).
– “Bands Authority vs. Hereditary Chiefs Authority regarding Land Claims” (February 5).

MacDonald, Nancy. 2020. “‘That’s not the way of our ancestors’: Wet’suwet’en matriarch speaks out about pipeline conflict.” Globe & Mail (February 20).

Kay, William. 2020. “Inside the Wetsuwet’en Power Struggle. The Office of the Wetsuwet’en, upon whom media attention is focussed, is a quarter-century-old green quango sustained by governments and philanthropies.” Western Standard (February 25).

Coates, Ken. 2020. “Don’t confuse support for the Wet’suwet’en hereditary chiefs with the spirit of Idle No More.” Globe & Mail (February 13).

Kay, Jonathan. 2020. “Canada’s cultural elites have seen the enemy – and it is Canadians.” National Post (February 25).

Ross, Ellis. 2020. “Last thing First Nations need is foreign groups hijacking our future.” Times Colonist (February 27).

Solomon, Larry. 2020. “The divine right of hereditary chiefs to override the desires and needs of their people.” Financial Post (March 6).

Young, Troy. 2020. “Open letter to Wet’suwet’en hereditary chiefs after Tsayu clan meeting.” Vancouver Sun (February 29).

Murphy, Rex. 2020. “Killing hope where it’s most needed – among Aboriginal youth.” National Post (February 28).

Morgan, Gwyn. 2020. “Stronger Alliances With First Nations Could Help Overcome Blockade Disruptions.” C2C.

Keystone XL (TC Energy) (terminated in 2021)

Wikipedia – Keystone Pipeline

Whelan, Charlotte. 2021. “Keystone XL pipeline cancellation is an environmental disaster.” Washington Examiner (June 11)

Denchak, Melissa. 2021. “What Is the Keystone XL Pipeline? How a single pipeline project became the epicenter of an enormous environmental, public health, and civil rights battle.” NDRC (January 20)

Line 5 (Enbridge)

Wikipedia – Enbridge Line 5

Sierra Club (Wisconsin) – Line 5

McTeague, Dan. 2021. “One step closer to the shutdown of Line 5, and Trudeau remains silent.” Canadians for Affordable Energy (May 13)

Kheiriddin, Tasha. 2021. “Killing Line 5 will only make people realize how much we need fossil fuels. The reality is that there is no way to replace the energy source provided by Line 5 overnight, if ever.” Financial Post (May 11)

McTeague, Dan. 2021. “Cancellation of Line 5 will be a disaster for Canadians.” Canadians for Affordable Energy (May 7)

Trans Mountain (Government of Canada, previously Kinder Morgan)

Wikipedia – Trans Mountain Pipeline

Blair. 2020. “Understanding future demand for heavy oil – Why the Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion project is a good bet for Canada.” A Chemist in Langley (September 22).

Alini, Erica. 2018. “Trans Mountain pipeline: Some of the main arguments for and against it.” Global News (April 30).

Energy East (TC pipelines, terminated in 2017)

Wikipedia – Energy East

Leach, Andrew. 2013. “Energy Security and the Energy East Pipeline.” MacLean’s (August 25).

Minardi, Jean-François. 2013. “The Economic Benefits of Pipeline Projects to Eastern Canada.” Montreal Economic Institute (Economic Note, September).

Canada Energy Regulator (CER; formerlery National Energy Board). Energy East and Eastern Mainline Projects – TransCanada.

Marathon Pipe Line Inc.’s Capline pipeline (Reversal)

Kumar, Devika Krishna. 2022. “Canada’s oilsands exports reach record with new link to U.S. Gulf Coast Exports to Asia were at their highest ever, with India the leading destination by far.Bloomberg News/Financial Post (January 10).

Stone, Kevin. 2022. “Canadian Oil Sands Production Finds a New Outlet to the U.S. Gulf Coast.” Environment and Climate News (February 4).