Pierre Desrochers

Useful Resources




Cleveland, Cutler et al. Encyclopedia of Energy, 6 volumes, Elsevier. (UTM Library TJ163.28 .E53 2004)
(Abstracts can be accessed on science direct)

The Encyclopedia of the Earth (freely accessible)
– energy
– mining & materials
– minerals & mining

Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Krech III, Shepard, J. R. McNeill and Carolyn Merchant (eds), 2004. Encyclopedia of World Environmental History. New York: Routledge, 3 volumes (UTM library GF4 .E63 2004 v. 1-3)

Krowschwitz, Jacqueline I (ed.) 2004. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 5th edition, John Wiley & Sons. This encyclopedia is fully accessible through the UofT libraries Website. While much of the content is technical, the historical development of energy technologies is given much attention.

Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 7th edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2006. It is also fully online and can be accessed through the UofT libraries Website.

Zumerchik, John (ed.) 2001. MacMillan Encyclopedia of Energy, 3 volumes. McMillan.

Books and reports covering a wide array of topics

Andrews, John and Nick Jelley. 2007. Energy Science: Principles, Technologies, and Impacts. Oxford University Press.

Boyle, Godfrey, Bob Everett and Janet Ramage. 2004. Energy Systems and Sustainability. Power for a Sustainable Future. Oxford University Press.

Bradley, Robert L and Richard W. Fulmer. Energy: The Master Resource, Kendall Hunt Publishing Company, 2004 (A concise introduction to all facets of the energy debate. Full content available on the Web).

Committee on America’s Energy Future, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering and National Research Council. 2009.
America’s Energy Future: Technology and Transformation. National Academies Press (Summary Edition).

Cottrell, W. Fred. 2009/1955. Energy & Society (Revised): The Relation Between Energy, Social Change, and Economic Development. AuthorHouse.

Crosby, Alfred W. 2006. Children of the Sun. A History of Humanity’s Unappeasable Appetite for Energy. Norton.

Fanchi, John R., Energy in the 21st Century, World Scientific, 2005, 256 pp.

Fanchi, John R., Energy: Technology and Directions for the Future, Academic Press, 2004, 491 pp.

Hancock, Kathleen J. and Juliann Allison. 2018. The Oxford Handbook of Energy Politics. Oxford University Press.

Hinrichs, Roger A. and Merlin Kleinbach. 2006. Energy. Its Use and the Environment, 4th edition. Thomson / Brooks/Cole.

Huber, Peter and Mark Mills. 2005. The Bottomless Well: The Twilight of Fuel, the Virtue of Waste, and Why We will never Run Out of Energy. Basic Books. (A techno-optimist manifesto that covers most of the topics discussed in this course)

Inkpen, Andrew and Michael H. Moffett. 2011. The Global Oil and Gas Industry. Management, Strategy and Finance. PennWell Books.
– Note: In my opinion, this is the best energy textbook on hydrocarbons presently on the market (2013). The full content is available online through the UofT library system.
– Here is the link to the online certificate of the school in which these authors are affiliated)

Institute for Energy Research 2012. Hard Facts: An Energy Primer.

Lomborg, Bjørn. 2001. The Skeptical Environmentalist. Measuring the Real State of the Planet. Cambridge University Press. (Survey and synthesis of official statistics on a range of issues, from forest cover to air pollution and resource availability)

MacKay, David J.C. Sustainable Energy – Without the Hot Air, University of Cambridge.

MacKerron G., and P. Pearson, The International Energy Experience – Markets, Regulation and the Environment, World Scientific Publishing Co., April 2000, 388 pp.

Mager Stellman, Jeanne (editor in chief). 2011. Encyclopedia of Occupational Health and Safety, International Labor Organization (ILO).
– Kraus, Richard S. 2011. “Storage and Transportation of Crude Oil, Natural Gases, Liquid Petroleum Products and Other Chemicals
– Kraus, Richard. 2011. “75 Exploration, Drilling and Production of Oil and Natural Gas
– Crane, Michael. 2011. “76 Power Generation and Distribution
– Kraus, Richard S. 2011. “78. Oil and Natural Gas

McFarland, Ernie L., James L. Hunt and John L. Campbell. 2007. Energy, Physics and the Environment, 3rd edition. Thomson.

Newell, Richard, Daniel Raimi and Gloria Aldana. 2019. Energy Outlook 2019: The Next Generation of Energy. Resources for the Future.

Shepherd, W., & D.W. Shepherd, Energy Studies – Second Edition, World Scientific Publishing Co., February 2004, 516 pp.

Sinding-Larsen, Richard and Friedrich-W. Wellmer (eds). 2012. Non-Renewable Resource Issues. Geoscientific and Societal Challenges. Springer (Book fully available viat UofT library).

Smil, Vaclav, Energy in Nature and Society – General Energetics of Complex Systems, MIT Press, January 2008, 512 pp.

Smil, Vaclav, Energy – A Beginner’s Guide, Oneworld Publications, 2006, 192 pp.

Smil, Vaclav. 2003. Energy at the Crossroads. MIT Press. (This book pulls together the mature reflections of a Czech-born Canadian who has devoted nearly four decades to studying energy).

Smil, Vaclav. 1994. Energy in World History. Westview.
(A comprehensive look at the role of energy in world history, ranging from human muscle-power to preindustrial hydraulic techniques and modern fossil-fueled civilization)

Thornley, Drew. 2009. Energy and the Environment: Myths and Fact (Second Edition).

Vaitheeswaran, Vijay V. 2003. Power to the People: How the Coming Energy Revolution will Transform an Industry, Change our lives, and maybe even save the Planet. Earthscan.
(A lively, balanced, and constructive review of energy issues by the Environment and Energy correspondent of The Economist)

Recent Developments in Energy.” Economic Report of the President (Chapter 11), February 13, 2006, p. 231-257.

Sustainable Energy: a long-term strategy for the UK.” EEF (UK Manufacturers’ Organisation) Report publication.


Glossaries and Energy Conversion Tables

– Glossaries
US EIA (Energy Information Agency). Glossary

Platts. Energy Glossary Terms

Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP). Glossary

Natural Resources Canada – Office of Energy Efficiency (Glossary)

– Energy Conversion Tables
National Energy Board (Canada) – Energy Conversion Tables

Online Conversion (Energy)

US EIA (Energy Information Agency) – Energy Calculator

World/Countries statistics, briefs, topical analysis

▪ Canada
Canada Center for Energy – Energy Facts and Statistics

Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP) – Statistics

National Energy Board – Statistics

CBC News – In depth: Energy

The Kent Group – Petroleum Price Data (Canada)


US Energy Information Administration
– EIA-International statistics

International Energy Agency
especially their Information Center

BP Statistical Review of World Energy

CIA – The World Factbook – Guide to Country Comparisons
– Electricity – production
– Electricity – consumption
– Oil – production
– Oil – consumption
– Oil – exports
– Oil – imports
– Oil – proved reserves
– Natural gas – production
– Natural gas – consumption
– Natural gas – exports
– Natural gas – imports
– Natural gas – proved reserves

European Commission – Energy – Statistics

International Hydropower Association
– Maps
– Country profiles

The OECD on Energy and on Energy Statistics

The World Energy Council especially their Global Energy Information Service and publications
(see especially their latest Survey of Energy Resources)

The Rand Corporation’s Energy and Environment Research Area

U.S. Geological Survey global reserves surveys

UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development)
– UNCTAD Statistics
– Statistical Databases online

United Nations Development Programme – Environment and Energy

United Nationas Environment Programme – Energy

World Resources Institute – United Nations, World Bank information
especially Earth Trends, the Environmental Information Portal on Energy and Resources

Gopi Rethinaraj, T. S., and Clifford E Singer, Historical Energy Statistics – Global, Regional and National Trends Since Industrialisation, World Scientific Publishing Co., Winter 2007, 440 pp.

Australian Commodity Research Institute – Energy

OurWorldInData.org – ‘Energy Production & Changing Energy Sources’

World mapper

• Topical Analysis on Energy and Resource Issues

Websites with multiple links to energy websites
– Oil and Gas Websites
International Labor Organization – Resource guide on the oil and gas production sector

Lynne Kiesling and Michael Giberson have compiled numerous energy links of interest on their blog “Knowledge Problem.”

Solomon Associates
– Solomon Insights

World Oil

– Economic Geology and Minerals
Paige Underwood’s Geology Exploration and Mining – 101 Exceptional Online Resources

Society of Petroleum Engineers et al. 2011. Guidelines for Application of the Petroleum Resources Management System.

Videos and Multimedias
– News Organizations

PBS – e2 energy

CBC News – Energy

BBC – Energy in the UK




News and Analysis
Bloomberg Energy News | Bloomberg Energy Prices

The Conversation: Environment + Energy

The Economist
– Energy Technology
– Oil Production and Refining

Electricity News

Energy Central

Energy in Depth

Energy Management Institute

Energy Online

Energy Pub

Energy Tribune

European Energy Review

Forbes – Energy Source

Intercontinental Exchange (ICE)

MIT Technology Review on Energy

Oil & Gas Journal



Platts Energy News

Power Engineering and PEI Magazines

The Wall Street Journal Energy Report

VOX.eu on energy

World Energy Source

Academic Centers, NGOs, Think Tanks and Others
– Academic Centers

Belfer Center (Harvard) on Energy

Institute of Political Economy (Utah State University)

The Energy Analysis Division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Program for the Human Environment at Rockefeller University
One of the most innovative research program on the grey area at the intersection of technological change, economic growth and the environment.

Texas Tech University – Energy Commerce Program

Energy Strategies (Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences and Computer Services)

MIT Energy Initiative

Australian Commodity Research Institute – Energy

King’s College London – European Centre for Energy and Resource Security

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis – Energy Primer

– NGOs

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization on Natural Resources and the Environment

UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development)
– on Energy
– Digital Library

UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) Global Environmental Outlook

Energy” on the Earth Institute’s Website

Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands

The Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce

World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD)

Meridian Institute on
– Environment and Natural Resources
– Climate Change and Energy

– Think Tanks

Center for Strategic and International Studies on Energy and Climate Change

The Council on Foreign Relations on Energy/Environment

UK Energy Research Centre

UK Research Council’s Energy Programme

The Rand Corporations’ Environment, Energy and Development Program

The Brookings Institution on Environment and Energy

Reason Foundation on Energy

Resources for the Future
One of the most respected and quoted think tanks on energy and resources issues. Large array of policy analysis on resource and environmental issues.

– Others

“Energy” on Geometry.Net (The On-Line Learning Center)
Links to several Websites, from books and class syllabus to governmental agencies.

NASA’s Global Change Master Directory, especially their Human Dimensions section

The Secret Lives of Energy

GreenFacts on Energy

Visual Capitalist on energy


General Interest
Canadian Energy Centre

Government of Canada on energy, resources and the environment

Natural Resources Canada
Canada’s Energy Outlook: The Reference Case 2006
Report of the National Advisory Panel on Sustainable Energy Science and Technology.
On Energy
Electricity Resources Branch
Office of Energy Efficiency especially Statistics and Analysis

Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Program (Natural Resources Canada)

Environment Canada
Energy production
Oil sands
Sustainable development (including Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators)

National Energy Board of Canada

Canadian Senate – Standing Committee on Energy, the Environment and Natural Resources

Canada Science and Technology Museums Corporations: Let’s Talk Energy

Canadians for Affordable Energy

Energy Future Forum

Think tanks and research centers (national interest)
Canadian Energy Research Institute

C.D. Howe Institute
– CD Howe on energy and resources

Canadian Centre for Energy Information
– “Canadian Energy” section
– Partners (link to various Canadian energy-related groups)

Conference Board of Canada on energy, environment and transportation policy

Energy Probe

Fraser Institute on Energy

MacDonald-Laurier Institute on Energy

The Pembina Institute “Energy Watch” division

University of Calgary
– The School of Public Policy (Energy and Environment)
– Energy Education

Montreal Economic Institute
– Energy Policies
– Scully the World Show: Scully Energy Series

Data and news organizations
– Data
Crude monitor.ca

Your Environment – The Complete Canadian Environmental Record (Ross McKitrick, Guelph University).

– News Organizations
Alberta Oil Magazine

CBC News Indepth: Energy

Energy Sector in Canada on About.com


Globe and Mail – Report on Business: Energy & Resources

The Tyee – Energy File

Topical Websites
– Carbon Fuels

Canadian Association of Geophysical Contractors (CAGC)

Canadian Energy Pipeline Association

Canadian Federal & Provincial Governments Oil & Gas Web Sites

Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists


Petroleum Services Association of Canada
– Oil and Gas Info
– How does the Oil and Gas Industry Work?

Small Explorers and Producers Association of Canada (SEPAC)

Ontario Petroleum Institute (suggested links)

– Petroleum
Canadian Association of Oilwell Drilling Contractors

Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers
on Canada’s Oil Sands

Canadian Fuels Association

CFA Perspectives

Canadian Petroleum Producers Institute

Petroleum History Society

– Gas
Canadian Gas Association

Canadian Society for Unconventional Gas (CSUG)

– Coal
Clean Coal Technology Roadmap (Natural Resources Canada)

Coal Association of Canada

– Bitumen
Oil Sands Fact Check

– Electricity
Canadian Electricity Association

– Hydro
Canadian Hydropower Association

– Nuclear
Atomic Energy of Canada

Canadian Nuclear Power Association

Canadian Nuclear FAQ

Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission

– Alternatives
Canadian Clean Power Coalition

Canadian Renewable Fuels Association

Canadian Wind Energy Association

Solar Energy Society of Canada

Canadian Provinces (Governments, Industries and NGOs)
Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO)

Ontario Energy Association

Ontario Energy Board

Ontario Energy Network

Ontario Ministry of Energy

Ontario Power Authority

Ontario Petroleum Institute

– Alberta
Alberta Department of Energy

Alberta Energy and Utilities Board

Alberta’s Energy Resources Conservation Board

Alberta Energy Research Institute

Alberta’s Oil Sands

Alberta’s Oil Sands Discovery Centre

– British Columbia
British Columbia Ministry of Energy and Mines

BC Hydro

BC Oil and Gas Commission

Resources Work

– Manitoba
Manitoba Hydro

Manitoba Petroleum Division

Manitoba Science, Technology, Energy and Mines

– New Brunswick
New Brunswick Ministry of Energy

– Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador Ministry of Mines and Energy

Newfoundland and Labrador Natural Resources

Newfoundland Offshore Petroleum Board

– Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia Energy

Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Board

– Quebec

Québec Ministry of Energy

– Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan Energy and Resources

Saskatchewan Industry and Resources


US Department of Energy

American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy

Energy in Depth

US Chamber of Commerce – Institute for 21st C Energy

– US Department of Energy
Office of Fossil Energy

American Petroleum Institute
– Energy Tomorrow

American Nuclear Society

American Bioenergy Association

American Energy Society

American Solar Energy Society

American Wind Energy Association

BeyondRoads.com (US asphalt industry)

Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology

CO2 Coalition

Energy from Shale

Natural Gas Supply Association
– NaturalGas.org

Solar Electric Power Association

American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers

American Coal Foundation
– Useful websites


Energy in Depth – Climate & Environment

International Hydropower Association

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

World Coal Institute

World Nuclear Association

World Wind Energy Institute


American Enterprise Institute on Energy and Environment – Optimists

Benjamin Zycher (AEI)

Bjørn Lomborg’s (The Skeptical Environmentalist) Website – Optimist

Cato Institute
– On Energy and Environment
– Energy | Natural Resources

Center for Energy Policy and the Environment (Manhattan Institute) – Optimists

Center for Industrial Progress – Optimist

The Moral Case for Fossil Fuels – Data

Chris Knittel – Pessimist

Competitive Enterprise Institute – Optimists

The David Suzuki Foundation – Pessimists

Department of Energy”  in Downsizing the Federal Government

Fraser Institute – Optimists
Environment and Risk

The Future of Energy.” Spiked-Science Debates

The Heritage Foundation on Energy and Environment Issues – Optimists

The Independent Institute on Energy – Optimists

Institute for Energy Research – Optimists

James Conca (Forbes)

John P. Holdren – Pessimist

John McCarthy’s “Progress and its Sustainability” Site – Optimist

No Tricks Zone (Germany, Pierre Gosselin)

Peter Glover – Optimist

Peter Z. Grossman – Optimist/realist

Power to the People

Remembering Julian Simon. Freedom Network and the Heartland Institute – The (late) Optimist in Chief

Strata (USA)

UK Energy Research Centre – Pessimists

Union of Concerned Scientists’ Clean Energy Program – Pessimists

Worldwatch Institute – Pessimists


Several academic journals devoted to the topics of energy and resources are accessible through the University of Toronto Librairies website. Most of them, however, are too specialized or too advanced for this course, although technical journals sometimes publish more accessible policy articles. The following publications, however, should prove particularly useful to you:

Annual Review of Environment and Resources (formerly Annual Review of Energy and the Environment)
The best resource for this course. In-depth non technical surveys of several energy related issues.

Annual Review of Resource Economics

International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics. Another publication that specializes in detailed review articles.

Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy

Resources for the Future‘s quarterly magazine. Although not strictly speaking an academic journal, it contains short and accessible feature stories by RFF authors on a variety of environmental, energy, and natural resource issues.

Essays and book reviews on the topics of “Energy, Resources and the Environment” published in the periodical Foreign Affairs that, like Resources, is aimed at a broad readership.

Issues in Science and Technology
– on energy (topical)

 Other energy periodicals

Energy and Environment

Energy Journal

Energy Policy

Energy Research and Social Science

Several academic journals on energy and environmental issue are published by Inderscience Publishers

International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy

International Journal of Global Energy Issues

Natural Resources Forum

Natural Resources Journal

Resources Policy

Society and Natural Resources

You can access these periodicals through the UTL Website.


Note: Blogs are not acceptable as primary or secondary references. These links are provided simply because I find their authors knowledgeable and interesting, and also because they provide several links to valuable primary sources:

Alternative Energy Blog
The Barrel (Platts)
Committee for a Constructive Tommorrow (CFACT) on Energy
The Energy Collective
Energy Depot (CFACT) – Optimists
Energy Outlook
Energy Policy, Then and Now (Peter Z. Grossman)
Environmental Capital – WSJ.com
Environmental Economics
The Ergosphere
Facts on Energy – a Project of the Institute for Energy Research
Globe and Mail – Inside Energy Blog
Knowledge Problem
MasterResource – A free-market energy blog
Parker Gallant (Energy Probe)
Peak Oil Optimist
R-Squared Energy Blog
Rescuing the Frog (Andrew Leach)
The New York Times (On the Dot) Energy Challenge Series
Tom Adams Energy
New Energy Currents on Windsofchange.net

 Personal Websites
Indur Goklany of the US Department of the Interior
Jesse Ausubel of Rockefeller University
Ozzie Zehner
Tyler Priest
Vaclav Smil of the University of Manitoba


1. Historical Vignette: Electric Power Generation in Ontario over the Years
(A brief history of power generation and management in Ontario, from the days of Ontario Hydro, through phasing out of the coal plants, to today’s “putting conservation first approach”)

– Required Reading:
Ontario Ministry of Energy. (2013, December). Achieving Balance: Ontario’s Long-Term Energy Plan, pp. 2-19.

– Additional Sources:
Winfield, M, Gibson, R. B., Markvart, T., Gaudreau, K., & Taylor, J. (2010). Implications of sustainability assessment for electricity system design: The case of the Ontario Power Authority’s integrated power system plan. Energy Policy, 38, 4115-4126. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2010.03.038

Howeltt, K. (2010, January 8). “The high cost of green power.” The Globe and Mail.

Ontario Ministry of Energy. (2014). The End of Coal: An Ontario Primer on Modernizing Electricity Supply.

Solar Share. 2015. “Who Manages Our Electricity In Ontario: A Brief History.” (November 6).

Ontario Energy Board. Ontario’s Energy Sector.

2. The Here and Now: IESO and Electricity Power System Planning
Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO). IESO is supposed to “ensure there is enough power to meet the province’s energy needs in real time” while also planning and securing future energy and negotiating prices. How does it do this?

– Required Readings:
IESO (Independent Electricity System Operator). Electricity Pricing.

Ontario Ministry of Energy. (2013, December). Achieving Balance: Ontario’s Long-Term Energy Plan, pp. 2-19.

– Additional Sources:
Ontario Energy Report

3. Analysis: What Gives with Ontario Electricity Prices?
Observers and analysts, from Energy Probe to the Auditor General of Ontario, have found the pricing and managing of electricity in Ontario downright alarming.

– Required Reading:
Office of the Auditor General of Ontario. (2015, Fall). Annual Report 2015. Chapter 3: Section 3.05. Electricity Power System Planning, pp. 206-215. *In case this excellent report is once again removed from the government’s website – We are providing the link to the PDF*

Crawley, Mike. 2017. “Auditor General Blasts Kathleen Wynne’s ‘Fair Hydro Plan.’ Liberals ‘improperly’ keeping hydro plan debt off government’s books, says special report by Bonnie Lysyk.” CBC News (October 17).

Add Taylor, Peter Shawn. 2019. “Gerald Butts still denies responsibility for a bigger scandal: Ontario’s ‘green energy’ catastrophe.” Financial Post (February 26).

– Additional Sources:
Office of the Auditor General of Ontario. (2015, Fall). Annual Report 2015. Chapter 3: Section 3.05. Electricity Power System Planning. (the rest of the chapter).

Green, Kenneth. 2017. “Ontario power users get some relief, but there’s still much more to do.” Toronto Sun (August 18).

4. Analysis: Electrical Energy Prices Affect the Economy
The Ontario Chamber of Commerce and Adam White, the President of the Association of Major Power Consumers in Ontario, reflect on the electricity pricing trends in the province.

– Required Readings:
Holmes, A. (2015). Empowering Ontario: Constraining Costs and Staying Competitive in the Electricity Market, pp 1-9.

McKitrick, Ross R. and Elmira Aliakbari. 2017. Rising Electricity Costs and Declining Employment in Ontario’s Manufacturing Sector. Fraser Institute (read the Executive Summary).

– Additional Sources:
Taber, J. (2015, July 8). “Skyrocketing electricity rates may force one in 20 Ontario businesses to close.” The Globe and Mail.

Adams, Tom. 2012. “Review of Mad Like Tesla by Tyler Hamilton (ECW Press, 2011).” Tomadamsenergy.com.

McKitrick, Ross. 2016. “Ontario electricity has never been cheaper, but bills have never been higher.” Financial Post (August 10) https://business.financialpost.com/opinion/ontario-electricity-has-never-been-cheaper-but-bills-have-never-been-higher

Corcoran, Terence. 2016. “Boondoggle: How Ontario’s pursuit of renewable energy broke the province’s electricity system.” Financial Post (October 6).

Furey, Anthony. 2016. “Canada’s green agenda is having Soviet-style repercussions.” Toronto Sun (October 24).

Parker Gallant, Parker. 2018. “How Kathleen Wynne could have avoided public outcry over electricity costs.” Parker Gallant Energy Perspectives (December 5).

Cross, Philip. 2018. “StatCan just exposed how worthless ‘green’ industries are to Canada’s economy.” Financial Post (December 19) .

— End of Required Readings —

5. Not Easy Being “Green”: Wind Power Generation
Wind as a source of electric power in Ontario is not ideal. Academics and analysts hash it out.

– Sources (not required reading):
Rowlands, I. H., & Jernigan, C. (2008). Wind power in Ontario: Its contribution to the electricity grid.
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, 28(6), 436-453. doi: 10.1177/0270467608315942

Adams, T. (2006, November 16). “Review of Wind Power Results in Ontario: May to October 2006.” Energy Probe.

Holburn, G., Lui, K., & Morand, C. (2010, March 10). Policy Risk and Private Investment in Ontario’s Wind Power Sector.

Van Kooten, G. C., & Timilsina, Govinda R. (2008). “Wind power development: opportunities and challenges.” Resource Economics & Policy Analysis (REPA) Research Group.

McKitrick, Ross and Elmira Aliakbari. 2017. Did the Coal Phase-out Reduce Ontario Air Pollution? (January). Fraser Institute.

6. Energy Storage: The Next Big Thing?
How hard is it to store power in off-peak? The Ontario Smart Grid storage plan.

– Sources (not required reading):
Adams, T. (2013, October 10). Smart Grid? Part 1: Ontario’s Next Energy Project.

7. Ontario energy history and policy framework
Special Issue: Energy and Society in Canada.” 2014. Scientia Canadensis: Canadian Journal of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine 37 (1-2): 1-221.

White, A. (2015, December 14). “Ontario’s surging electricity prices endanger domestic manufacturing.” The Globe and Mail.

Environmental, Medical & Technology History


• General Interest

Social Evolution and History (open access academic journal, several relevant articles).

• Environmental History

American Environmental History Bibliography

Arizona State biology professor Stephen Pyne’s Websites “Environmental Historiography – Canon and Counter-Canon” and “Introducing Environmental History

EH-Net book review library (arranged thematically)

Environmental Politics and Policy

Envirotech (Histories of the Environment and Technology) 

Forest History Society

Georgetown University historian John McNeill on:
– McNeill, John R. and Erin Stewart Mauldin (eds). 2012. A Companion to Global Environmental History. Wiley (See McNeill’s chapter on “Global Environmental History: The First 150,000 Years“)
– Mc Neill, John R. 2010. “The State of the Field of Environmental History.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources 35: 345-374.
– The Historiography of Environmental History
– “Issues and Literature” in Environmental History

H-Environment Discussion Network

Historian William Cronon’s webpage on useful environmental history web links.

Latin American Environmental History

Myers and Miles’s supplementary bibliography of Environmental History and Ethics 

• History of Medicine

Historian Peter McCandless’ research seminar syllabus on
– Disease, Migration and the Environment
– Medical History

History in Focus: Medical History – Bibliography

• History of technology

EH-Net book review library (arranged thematically)

Envirotech (Histories of the Environment and Technology)

Florida State Historian Robert Hatch’s Annotated Bibliography on the History of Science, Technology and Medicine


• Environmental History

H-Environment website (part of H-Net, the Humanities and Social Sciences Online initiative) especially the links to environmental resources online.

Environmental History Timeline

Environmental History on the Web

Environmental History Bibliographies

• Medical History

History of Medicine

American Association for the History of Medicine

Science Museum’s History of Medicine website

• Historical Geography

BUBL link (Historical Geography)

Historical Geography Specialty Group

H HistGeog

Globalization & World Trade


General Interest

Suggested sources on
– Environment and the roots of globalization
– Food and globalization

Economist Douglas Irwin’s Trade Related Links

Popular Globalization Books (GoodReads)

Best Books about Globalization (Amazon) 

World Trade Organization

UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development)
– Digital Library
– on Globalization and Development
– on International Trade

Sources of Global Data

> Gateways to numerous governmental, UN and other agencies and NGO data sources

UN Human Development Reports (International Human Development Indicators)

UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs
– Statistics
– Population Division
– Forests
– Sustainable Development
– Social Policy and Development Division
– Publications

Sources of Global Data on The Globalization Website
Links with the statistical Webpages of all the major organizations, from the UN to the CIA. An easy way to find all sorts of statistics on economic growth, the environment, inequalities, women, religious movements, health, culture and other issues.

NationMaster is a fun site for quick statistics on countries.

Researching Globalization on Global Transformations
Presents a number of indicators that can be used to measure various phenomenons.

World Development Indicators (World Bank)

FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations)
– Statistics

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) – The World Factbook

International Monetary Fund (IMF) – World Outlook Database

Our World in Data

Human Progress 

> Comparative Work

Economic Freedom Network + 2013 Index of Economic Freedom
Two attempts to measure economic freedom in a large number of countries with much factual information about each country. Essential information if you want to know if a country is more or less open to trade than another.

The Corruption Perception Index + The Global Corruption Report
How corrupt is your country? How does it compare to others?

World Bank’s Doing Business (DB) survey

> Topical


Great circle mapper

Human Development Reports of the United Nations Development Program

Human Progress 

International Maritime Organization

SICE – Foreign Trade Information System (Organization of American States)
Several essays on technical issues dealing with trade relations between countries in the Americas.

The University of Texas Inequality Project
The UTIP is concerned with measuring and explaining movements of inequality in wages and earnings and patterns of industrial changes around the world.

The Global Poverty Mapping Project

Gapminder : A Fact-Based Worldview 

World Mapper 

Connectivity Atlas

Fossil Fuel Divestment


– Major Reports
Divestment and Beyond. Organizing Climate Justice at UofT.

UofT Community 2016. Response to the Report of the Fossil Fuel Divestment Committee.

Gertler, Meric. 2016. Beyond Divestment: Taking Decisive Action on Climate Change. Administrative Response to the Report of the President’s Advisory Committee on Divestment from Fossil-Fuels. University of Toronto.

Toronto350.org. 2015. The Fossil Fuel Industry and the Case for Divestment: Update (see also “An Ethical and Financial Case for Divestment.” (University of Toronto Divestment Lecture by Dimitri Lascaris))

– News items
Jaremko, Deborah. 2021. “University of Waterloo to divest from oil and gas, but has accepted millions from oil and gas donors. Decision goes against the view of most Canadian institutional investors.” Canadian Energy Centre (June 22).

Anteblian, Khatchig. 2020. “Divest Canada Coalition calls for nationwide blanket divestment from fossil fuels at universities. ‘Situation is far too urgent’ for U of T to not take stronger climate approach, say activists.” The Varsity (October 4).

Austin, Evelyn et al. 2020. “The University’s Toxic investments Warrant a Just Transition into Fossil Fuel Divestment.” The Varsity (May 21).

Kalvapalle, Rahul. 2020. “UTAM to reduce the carbon footprint of its long-term investments by at least 40 per cent by 2030.” UofT News (February 13).

Kalvapalle, Rahu. 2020. “Universities Sign U of T-led Responsible Investment Charter to Help Address Climate Change.” U of T News (June 18).

Kalvapalle, Rahu. 2020. “Fighting Climate Change through Responsible Investing: U of T President Meric Gertler.U of T News (December 3).

UofT News. 2016. Q & A with President Meric Gertler on U of T’s 14-point plan, Beyond Divestment (March 30).

Vendeville, Geoffrey. 2021. “U of T, other universities form coalition to strengthen engagement and reduce climate-related risks in their investment portfolios.” UofT News (February 18).


Domonell, Kristen. 2013. “Is Fossil Fuel Divestment a Wise Move? Making the case for and against stripping endowments of fossil fuel investments.” University Business (June).

Hirji, Zahra and Elizabeth Douglass. 2015. “Map: Tracking Academia’s Fossil Fuel Divestment.” Inside Climate News (March 20).

Tollefson, Jeff. 2015. “Fossil-fuel divestment campaign hits resistance. Academics suggest other ways to cut carbon emissions on campus and beyond.” Nature (May 6).

Woodhouse, Kellie. 2015. “Does Divestment Cost? Inside Higher Ed (September 21).

Ritchie, Justin and Hadi Dowlatabadi. 2015. Fossil Fuel Divestment: Reviewing Arguments, Implications & Policy. Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions Opportunities.

University of Ottawa official material on fossil fuel divestment.

McMaster University. President’s Advisory Committee on Fossil Fuels Divestment. Report to the President. October 2017.

University of Winnipeg
– Divestment and the University of Winnipeg
– Stranded Assets and Financial Studies
– at other Canadian institutions

Constable, John. 2020. “The Future of Oil, Gas, and Coal: Stranded Assets or Safe Refuge?” GWPF (January 1).

[Several Canadian Universities, June 2020] Investing to Address Climate Change: A Charter for Canadian Universities.

Lewington, Jennifer. 2021. “Testing Grounds for Sustainability.” Corporate Knights (February 17).


Kurtz, Stanley. 2013.
– “Fossil Fuel Divestment – Part 1.” National Review (March 4)
– Part 2
– Part 3

Grady-Benson, Jessica and Brinda Sarathy. Forthcoming. “Fossil fuel divestment in US higher education: student-led organising for climate justice.” Local Environment.



Fossil Fuel Divestment on Wikipedia (provided for its links)

McKibben, Bill. 2013. “The Case for Fossil Fuel Divestment.” Rolling Stone (February 22).

Dickinson, Tim. 2015. “The Logic of Divestment.” Rolling Stone (January 14): 31-35.

Tillmann T, Currie J, Wardrope A, McCoy D. Fossil fuel companies and climate change: the case for divestmentBMJ. 2015;350:h3196.

Howard, Emma. 2015. “A beginner’s guide to fossil fuel divestment.” The Guardian (June 23).

Impax Asset Management. 2013. Beyond Fossil Fuels: The Investment Case for Fossil Fuel Divestment. (White Paper).

Divest London. 2015. The Case for Fossil Fuel Divestment: City Hall and the LPFA. Briefing for the London Assembly Labour Group (January).

An Taisce (National Trust for Ireland). 2015. The Case for Fossil Fuel Divestment (February).

Various papers written by graduate philosophy student Georges A. Lenferna.

Sulston, John. 2015. “The Wellcome Trust’s polite business chats won’t save the Earth.” The Guardian (April 8).

Rusbridger, Alan. 2015. “The Argument for Divesting from Fossil Fuels is Becoming Overwhelming.” The Guardian (March 16).

Rubin, Jeff. 2015. “U of T should divest from fossil fuels.” Toronto Star (September 8).

Hale, Ilona, David Hale, Courtney Howard, and Warren Bell. 2014. “Time to divest from the fossil-fuel industry.” CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal. 186.12 (Sept. 2): 960.

Brooks, Mark. 2013. “Banking on Divestment.” Alternatives Journal 39 (6): 48.

Horton, Richard. 2015. “Offline: The thermodynamics of morality.” Lancet 385 (9977): 1494.

Lederer, Katy. 2015. “Defunding Climate Change.” New Yorker (October 2).

Moore, Kathleen Dean. 2015. “Executive Deception: Four Fallacies About Divestment, and One Big Mistake.” Chronicle of Higher Education (October 18).

HuffPost CanadaFossil Fuel Divestment.

Tucker, Bronwen. 2018. “Canadian Universities Are Way Behind on Fossil Fuel Divestment.” Vice (March 15).

McKibben, Bill. 2019. “Money Is the Oxygen on Which the Fire of Global Warming Burns.” The New Yorker (September 17).

Stop the Money Pipeline.

Hopke, Jill and Luis. E. Hestres. 2017. “Communicating about Fossil Fuel Divestment.” Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Science.

Ilnyckyj, Milan. 2017. “Canadian Campus Fossil Fuel Divestment Campaigns and the Development of Activists.” PhD proposal (University of Toronto, Political Science).


● Environmentalists against divestment
Stavins, Robert N. 2014. “Divestment Is No Substitute for Real Action on Climate Change.” Environment 360 (March 20).

Hulme, Mike. 2015. “Why Fossil Fuel Divestment is a Misguided Tactic.” The Guardian (April 17).

● Activist investors against (broad) divestment
Farrar, Jeremy. 2015. “Fossil-fuel Divestment is not the Way to Reduce Carbon Emissions.” The Guardian (March 25).

Devinney, Timothy. 2015. “The Argument against Fossil Fuel Divestment.” IR Magazine (May 13).

Hendey, Eric. 2012. “Does Divestment Work?” Harvard Political Review (October 2).

● (Generally) Pro fossil fuels
Invest Now

DivestmentFacts.com (Independent Petroleum Association of America)
– Fischel, Daniel R. 2015. Fossil Fuel Divestment: A Costly and Ineffective Investment Strategy. Compass Lexicon.
– Fischel, Daniel R., Christopher R. Fiore and Todd D. Kendall. 2017. Fossil Fuel Divestment and Public Pension Funds. Compass Lexicon.
– Cornell, Bradford. 2015. The Divestment Penalty: Estimating the Costs of Fossil Fuel Divestment to Select University Endowments. Independent Petroleum Association of America.

Nachmany, Eli. 2015. “Opinion: Why I’m Against NYU Fossil Fuel Divestment.” Break Energy (April 30).

— (mattd). 2014. “Divestment Campaign: More Symbolism over Substance.” Oil Sands Fact Check (October 23).

Harries, Rob. 2014. “Fossil Free UK: Divesting from Reality.” Spiked! (September 18).

Driessen, Paul. 2015. “The Ethics and Realities of Divestment.” Townhall.com (February 14).

Driessen, Paul. 2017. “Life in a Fossil-fuel-free Utopia. Life without oil, natural gas and coal would most likely be nasty, brutish and short.” What’s Up with That? (August 13).

Holland, Patrick. 2015. “Fossil Fuel Divestment Movement Fails Students and the Environment.” E21 (January 15).

Epstein, Alex
– 2013. “Don’t Leave it in the Ground.”
– 2013. “Don’t Divest, Educate – An Open Letter to American Universities.” Center for Industrial Progress (June 5).
– 2014. “9 Graphs That Prove Using Fossil Fuels Hasn’t Harmed the Planet.” Daily Caller (November 13).
– 2015. “How Opposition To Fossil Fuels Hurts The Poor Most Of All.” Forbes (January 14).
– 2015. “The Moral Case for Investing, not Divesting, in Fossil Fuels.” Forbes (February 11).

Gapper, John. 2015. “Fossil Fuel Campaigners Play Charades.” Financial Times (April 15).

McArdle, Megan. 2014. “College Students Can’t Defeat Big Oil.” Bloomberg View (September 11).

Jacoby, Jeff. 2015. “A Valentine for Fossil Fuels.” Boston Globe (February 11).

Peterson, Rachel. 2015. Inside Divestment: The Illiberal Movement To Turn A Generation Against Fossil Fuels. National Association of Scholars.

Desrochers, Pierre and Hiroko Shimizu. 2016. Blowing Hot Air on the Wrong Target? A Critique of the Fossil Fuel Divestment Movement in Higher Education, Frontier Centre for Public Policy (July).

Zycher, Benjamin. 2017. “Other People’s Money: The Immorality Of The Fossil-Fuel Divestment Campaign.” Investor’s Business Daily (June 21).  

American Fuels and Petrochemical Manufacturers. Keep it Grounded in Fact.
– The Connection Between “Keep It in the Ground” and the “Green New Deal.” (December 17, 2018).

Friesen, Jo. 2020. “Chancellor Martha Billes Quits after University of Guelph Divests from Fossil Fuels.” The Globe & Mail (May 5).

Navarro-Genie, Marco. 2014. “Universities Would be Wrong to Shun Energy Companies.” Calgary Herald (July 16).